This project work seeks to find out the effects of reward and
punishment on academic performance of students. A case study of Ikpoba Okha
Local Government Area in Edo State. During the study, data were collected
through the use of questionnaires and oral interview. 20 questionnaires were
given to students in Peak Comprehensive High School, 23 to students in Queen
Ede Secondary School and 60 to students in Golden Foundation Academy. In this
work, effects have been made to point out that rewards and punishments are
weapons of descriptive and that they have important role to perform in school
administration and academic performance of students. During this study, I
discovered that some teachers administer or punish some students involve turns
out to see punishment as a wicked act and not a measure of correcting a wrong
One of the conclusion drawn from the study is that reward and
punishment plays a big and important role in teaching and learning process and
should be practiced in schools. Some of the recommendations made were that
teachers should use punishment and rewards widely in learning situations in
schools. And let punishment be appropriate and suitable for the offence for
which it is used.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of study
The significance of the study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
3.0 Methodology of the study
Administration of Questionnaire
Validity of Instrument
Method of Data Analysis
4.0 Data analysis and
5.0 Summary, conclusion and
Background of the Study
The means through which a teacher can maintain class discipline in
secondary schools is through reward and punishment. The effective use of reward
and punishment in secondary schools had been expressed with different views by
many educationists and psychologist. And these contributing views and feelings
of others (educationist and psychologists) will be brought together by the
writer during the course of study so that the reader can be given sufficient
ground-work on which to base his conclusion after reading the research work.
Reward and punishment is eq1ually an area of interest, which
closely involves many parents and teachers who feel the need for education
authorit6y to define its limitation so as not to over step their units. Rewards
and punishment, especially when they are related to learning process, are most
debated solution must be sought out in this intriguing issue because the
outcome will give a practical advice and guidance to those who are just
beginning the teaching career or to parents who show much concern over their
children’s success in life. This work does not ever claim to solve all the
problems concerned with punishment and reward in learning process in the school
but rather to highlight some possible solutions, which will be of abundant
educational values to both teachers and parents and the public in
Statement of Problem
This work is on the study of the effects of rewards and punishment
on academic performance of students in some selected schools in Ikpoba Okha
Local Government Area. Many educationalists (psychologist) have written many
books covering this topic., the writer attempts in the study therefore is to
examine the views of some of these renowned writers in addition to their
“research finding” and personal experience so as to be able to know the
following main/sub problems.
To find out whether effective learning can always take place in absence of any
form of punishment.
Whether there is other methods of learning effectively where by reward and
punishment will not be employed.
If punishment has effect on the learning process of the students in secondary
If reward and punishment can be combine so that much can be achieved in terms
of educational objectives.
Purpose of Study
The main aims and objective why the writer is carrying out this
research is simply to give more information about reward and punishment inn
secondary schools learning in Ikpoba Okha Local Government in Edo State.
The Significance of Study
This study will help to lay more emphasis on the effective use of
punishment and reward by policy makers. Those who plan the curriculum in the
secondary schools will be equipped with the effects of reward and punishment in
our secondary schools.
It will also benefits the Edo State ministry of education because
it will provide them useful information about the roles of rewards and
punishments as a means of enhancing learning in our society at large.
This study will be guided by the following questions.
Is punishment a way of correcting student?
Do parents and teachers support the use of punishment?
Does reward promote or encourage learning?
Does punishment have negative effect on learning?
Scope of the Study
This research is concerned with reward and punishment in some
selected secondary schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area. It involves
about five teachers from both junior and senior secondary school and about a
Definition of Terms
act of appreciating a job well done.
act of correcting a wrong “act” or character exhibited.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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