This study examines the effect of polygamy on academic performance
using Aghogho Primary School as a case study. Eighty (80) pupils were randomly
selected and also the data were analyzed using the simple percentage. The study
revealed the following.
1. Income of parent affects the academic
performance of pupils. The researcher fined out that 18.3 percent agree to the
fact that parent income have relation with pupil’s performance while 18.7
2. The study also find out that 78.8 percent
of the total population of pupils agree to the fact that the number of wives in
a home affects pupils academic performance and 21.2 percent disagreed.
3. This study proved that 68.7 percent of
the total population respondents agree to the fact that polygamy has effect on
pupil’s academic performance while 31.3 percent disagreed.
Necessary recommendations were made. These are under the following
heading. Teachers, Pupils, Parents, and School management.
1. Teachers should beware of the fact that
pupils are from different psychological climate or background and therefore
should be treated accordingly by giving individual pupils necessary attention
that aid mental development which will also enhance good performance of pupils
in the school.
2. Parents should maintain good
relationship with their children in order to provide them with security and
3. Parent should be observant available
and be supportive in meeting the needs of their children by giving them the
courage of informing them about their body development i.e. sex education and
creating a recreation avenue for them.
4. Pupils from polygamous home need to
seek for guidance and counselling, where their psychological needs can be met.
5. Guidance and counselling centre should
be provided by the school authority for the betterment of the pupils.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Objective of the study
Significance of the study
Limitation of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Research design and methodology
Population of the study
Instrument for data collection
Validation of data collection
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation and discussion of
Summary of findings, conclusion
BACKGROUND OF THE STURY
Polygamy represents expanded
family studies that are based on marriage involving a husband with two or more
wives interestedly; polygamy is legally and widely practiced in 850 societies
across the globe.
In the last two decades,
polygamy has been the focus of significant growth in public political and
academic awareness. This form of marital structure has effect on behavioural,
emotional and academic adjustment of children.
Psychologist and educationist
are consciously emphasizing that there are dear evidence to the fact that
pupils achievement in schools are partly affected by their family background.
It is a general assumption that the types of family in which a child belong to
or evolved from have effect on pupil’s academic performance.
The effect of polygamous on
pupils’ academic performance has attracted the attention of schools and
authorities. This is because the behaviour of the child in school or outside is
a reflection of his or her home where he or she comes from.
In Nigeria today there are many
problem on academic performance of pupils in school because there is no
effective teaching in school and also the parcential background or home in
which a child comes from have great or adverse impact on the pupils and this is
due to the fact that academic performance has not be tailored and mastered from
However Dempsey et al opined
that the primary environment of the pupils the home and it stand to exert
tremendous impact on pupil’s achievement. In a study conducted on the effects
of family structure and parenthood on the academic performance of Nigeria
pupils. Uwaifo (2008) found significant different between the academic
performance of pupils from single parent and these from two parent structure.
Uwaifo (2008) also noted that the school is responsible for the experiences
that make up the individuals life during school periods. Indeed parent
involvement and individual’s experiences at home play tremendous roles in
building the personality of the child and making the child what he is.
Furthermore, many pupils have been hindered from reading their optimum level in
academic pursuit due to some negative factors arisen from home. These include
lack of parental encouragement, lack of conductive environment, poor finance
and housing, poor feeding, ill-health and lack of interest on the part of
pupils. Pupils who school needs (physical and emotional) are not provided for
at home may forever remain under achiever and this could affect the general
development. Effect of poor academic performance during school years
often carry over to the childhood with a higher proportion of school dropouts,
behavioural problems and even delinquency among their population.
Therefore, this study seeks to
investigate the effect of polygamy on the academic performance of pupils using
Ugelle primary school as a cause study. The number of children in polygamous
home are likely to increase company to that of a single parent. Therefore
parents in polygamy home is not as close to their children when it comes to
monitoring their academic performance. To bridge the gap between these
families, parent should devoted more of their time to the upholding of their
children by providing academic imperative like textbooks, good nutrition,
writing material e.t.c. pay less attention to their business or other
government should focus attention on providing qualitative education to
citizens. Adequate facilities and material should be made available in schools
for the benefit of all pupils from monogamous, polygamous, single-parent
families. Family background as primary and social agent has important role to
play in child academic performance. Family size type and parent academic
background have major role to play in child upbringing especially in third
world country. Family background is the foundation for children development a
family is refers to group of people knitted together by blood ties on marriage
bond. In a large family, a child may not be given maximum attention especially
in his academic. The issue of home works payment of school fees, attending
parent teacher association and many more may not be convenient for the parent
as they have to cater for many children.
Polygamous home make it competitive for their children to contest for limited
resources available and parents affection in a situation whereby a man marries
two or more wives at a time, it tends to unequal treatment to children,
jealousy and survival for the fittest for a child to succeed in life he has to
struggle which may be detrimental to his academic
performance. The home is the premier agent of
education to the child, therefore the way he lives the food he eats and his
life style is influence by the hope. The type of family system the child is
exposed to greatly influence his academic achievement in schools. Similarly,
certain juvenile delinquent behaviour such as stealing, truancy and lying,
appear to have their root in parent rejection and insecurity.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In the study, effort will be geared towards providing answers to some question
such as these.
(1) what are the
effect of polygamy on the individual and societies
(2) What are the
peculiar effect of polygamy in Ughelli North Local Government area, Delta State
(3) How can these
problem been tackled polygamy has great influence on pupils academic
performance especially when proper feeding and supervision are lacking
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study finds out the
effect of polygamy on pupils academic performance using Ugelle primary school
as a east study.
This study also
aim in bringing out the following
relationship between family size and pupils academic performance
(2) the effect
polygamous home have on child behaviour
(3) the study also
point out how parent role and discipline affect a child academic performance
(4) The objective
of this study is also to spotlight or compare a child from single-parent and polygamous
home in respect to academic performance.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project work is of great importance
in the sense that it will reveal the extent at which polygamy has affected
pupils. Furthermore, this will help parent and the school authority to generate
affection, love and provide security and acceptance to the pupils which in turn
helps the society. This study will also help on individual on the kind of the
family they should involve themselves in and to the educationist, education
curriculum will be structured to help children from such home. More so, serving
as a project that would be discovered that polygamy affect the academic
performance of pupils.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The researcher work covers the effect polygamy has on pupils academic
performance of pupils using Ughelle Primary School located in Ughelli north
local government area delta state. The study also discusses parents and teacher
roles in helping a child excel in his/her academics The study also goes on carrying
an investigation on the academic performance from a child, from a single-parent
and from polygamous home it also receive the thought of every scholars,
psychologist and educationist as to what extent polygamous home and family size
affect pupils academic performance. The study also looks into how the level of
education of parents in a polygamous home affects child academic performance
(1) Does the income
of parent affect the academic performance of pupils?
(2) Does the number
of wives in a home affect the academic performance of pupils?
(3) Do polygamous
homes affect the pupil’s academic performance in school?
(4) Does the
parental care and affection affect the academic performance of pupils?
(5) Does the
provision of essential needs by the parents affects the academic performance of
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Polygamy: the custom of having
more than one wife at the same time
Family:a group consisting of one or two
parent and their children. It can also be seen as a group of people knotted
together by blood ties on marriage bond
Academic: connected with
education, especially in school
Income: money received over
certain period especially as payment from work as interest on investment. Money
received from work, business e.t.c
Performance: an action or
achievement considered in relation to how successful it is the ability to
operate a capable of high effectiveness
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more