The study is an attempt to investigate the effects of polygamous
family in the academic performance of pupils in Iguobe Primary School. Chapter
one deals with introduction on the effect of polygamous family on the academic
performance of pupils in Iguobe Primary Schools has been exhaustively discussed
Chapter two contains the contributions of some writers, they
emphasized on the needs and aspiration of pupils from polygamous homes. Chapter
three is the survey of the effect of polygamous family on the academic
performance of pupils in Iguobe Primary School in Uhunmwode Local Government
Area of Edo State. In carrying out this survey, a questionnaire was prepared
and was given to a cross section of the people concerned. Other method adopted
in the survey include personal experience, personal interview and observation.
Chapter four deals with the analysis and interpretation of data
collected and the result of this data were discussed. Finally, chapter
five deals with recommendation of solution to the problem, conclusion are made
in summary, the recommendations for solution made in the study will help to
reduce some of the effect of polygamous family on the academic performance of
The resultant effect will be academic excellence; regular attendance
to lectures population control and well-developed individual and a self-reliant
country which is one of the primary aims for which a school was set up.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Objective of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Area of study
Sample and sampling procedure
Administration of questionnaire
Validation of instrument
Method of analysis of data
Analysis and Interpretation of data
Summary, conclusion and recommendations
1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Polygamy is the type of marriage system practiced in the
traditional African society whereby a man takes more than one wife at the same
time. Polygamy was mostly practiced in African society because of the
economical and sociological values associated with it in the olden days.
Also, in African however, polygamy is wide spread and nobody seems
to believe question that its occurrence is closely related to economic
conditions. One of the strongest appeals of polygamy to men in African is
precisely its economic aspect, for a man with several wives command more land,
can produce more food for his household and can achieve a high status due to
the wealth which he can command. The wives and children were made to work in
the farms in order to boost agricultural productivity. At that time, the
education of the child was not very important. Viewing this from the social and
economic point, polygamy is not an ideal form of marriage because the more
number of wives and children the more problems the father is confronted with.
The moral decadence of the society today, may be as a result of
the inability of polygamous parents to give the children adequate financial
support for academic excellence some polygamous family may not give their
children the educational materials they need due to lack of funds. This may
result in poor feeding and general maintenance of the family members. Parents
serve a useful purpose in the up bringing of their children in the home, but in
polygamous home there is not much in interaction between fathers and their
children because of the larges number.
The parents may not be able to go through their school work at
home consequently, they may not be able to identify, the need of their children
who may be left to grow in latify. Infact, polygamy may affect the up bringing
of children educationally, socially and morally. Furthermore, this tendency
affects most polygamous home negatively, as equal opportunity is not given to
the children in their educational pursuit. The above statement was supported by
Osaigbovo (2000) he agreed that there is gender inequality in favour of the
children. Most girls from polygamous home are withdrawn from school at the
tender age and they are given to husband.
Some girls who would have loved to go to school are frustrated by
the problems of non-availability of fund in the polygamous home. This leads to
the eventual dropout of the girls from school.
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The practice of polygamy in Uhunmwode Local Government has
constituted a great hindrance to the formal education of the child. Equal
opportunity is not given to the children by their parents in their education
pursue. Some children are withdrawn from school. The few ones that are allowed
to school are subjected by going from house to house to house, street to street
after school e.g. hawking. And it exposes the child to accident, rape and
street violence, at a later stage according to Esther Boser Up (1970) even
within the ordinary school there is a significant difference in the teaching of
the two sexes. Lack of proper care of students may lead to poor educational
performance. If school materials are not provided for such student their
performance may be poor.
1.3OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study is to enlighten parents, the general
public about the problems confronting the educational performance of students
from polygamous homes. This study will also enable parents to realize the
danger they are exposing their children to, if they fail to give them the basic
training required of them.
This study will be useful to the government because they are in
the best position to provide necessary material needed for a good
1.4SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of t his research is that it will provide necessary
ways and means in which the problem can be tackled and providing enlightenment
campaign and enlightening the public on the effect of polygamous homes and
exposing them to the different problems involved in polygamous homes.
1.Do the children from polygamous homes perform
poorly due to parental deprivation?
2.Are children from polygamous home provided with
adequate school materials to enhance their performance?
3.Do over-crowded homes affect the performance of
4.Do the economic strain on the polygamous father
affect the performance of the children at school?
5.Is the attention given to children from
polygamous homes adequate with respect to their performance in school?
1.6DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
Failing to a lower level in morals.
is the custom of having more than one wife at the same time.
scores in school examination through actual work done.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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