This project work was carried out in order to examine the effects
of truancy on the academic performance of students in Orhionmwon Local
Government Area of Edo State. In particular, it intended to find out causes of
truancy and its effect on students academic performance to be able to make an
efficient solution to the problem of truancy. In the course of writing this
project, I stated with the literature review, which brooders on the work done
by different scholars on the topic “the effect of truancy on the academic
performance of students”. In furtherance of the successful completion of this
project, the writer did not fail to bring to limelight the methods used in
collection of data, one which is the use of questionnaires among students. For
an efficient investigation of these problems, the researcher carefully drew up
some question A-questionnaire containing 20 questions from the research
questions to as to students’ opinion. The data collected from the responses
analyzed and synthesized and some of the problems were discovered from the
students served as contents for acceptance. The researcher made some
recommendations, which will help in ameliorating the shortcomings.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Limitation of study
Definition of truancy
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Instrumentation for data collection
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and results
Summary, Conclusion and recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Giedugba (1996) observed that quite a number of students in the
institution of learning are truant. They become truant in order to engage in
activities which are either under the control of the home nor the school. to
depend him or herself the truant decoys his parents and teachers and
frequent truancy may lead to vagrancy. Truancy is more a proof of the
inadequacy of our present educational system than an evidence of any propensity
It is a
system, which attaches little importance to individuality. The ways in which
children exhibit their truancy are many. An example can be cited in Egor local
government area of Edo state where students usually go to the bust to search
for snails, killing rabbits and collecting fruits, going to hidden places to
play, wondering about in the streets without any purpose. Some finds their ways
to the rivers to swim while others engage in petty jobs to get money for buying
snacks, minerals, ice cream etc. some even engage in secrete love that always
makes them to leave the school premises.
some students who cannot bear or remain in the corrective atmosphere at home or
in the school such students will have to explore other places to relax and
satisfy their curiosity. Obviously, such students will truant in the school.
Truant is a person that stays away from school without good reasons. He or she
is irregular at school attendance activities. Truancy is one of the offences
which students in institutions of learning commit.
From research work carried out it was discovered by Bozumah Baharudin (2002)
that truancy is of varying degree in institutions of learning and it is
comparatively greater in the secondary schools than the high institutions of
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
will therefore attempt to find out the effects of truancy on students academic
performance in schools.
PUROSE OF STUDY
of the study is to examine:
The effects of truancy on students’ academic performance in secondary school.
Schools where truancy prevails and disobedient children are likely to face
problems in their academic pursuit, which lead to laziness and stealing.
The role parents, schools, society or community can play to prevents truancy
among students in secondary schools. This may be as a result of too
much domestic work given to children by their parents or children who are
not given breakfast in time or as a result of broken homes, bad homes training
and poor teacher, parents relationship can cause truancy among children, poor
school hygiene or school environment unfavorable physical condition, constant
money collection can keep the student away from schools which may cause them to
To suggest means and methods that could be adopted to eradicate this evil
practice in secondary schools, from well planned activities or moral
instruction a truant can discover that what is not rewarding should not be
repeated and that any bad behaviour can bring disgrace to himself, his parents
and even to the community of which he is a member. It is clear that in
discussing the background of the causes of truancy the child parents, the
environment, the school and the child’s companions have their various contributing
Why do students practice truancy in secondary schools?
What are the effects of truancy on the academic performance of students in
What role can the parent’s, school or environment play to prevent truancy in
Suggest means and method that could be adopted to eradicate truancy in
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
will be of great benefits to the parents in Orhionmwon Local Government Area
who will come to appreciate the implication of children’s truancy in secondary
school. Also it is hoped that this study will also help the secondary school
administration in Orhionmwon Local Government Area to reap the various school
student and enhance the image of their schools. Lastly, it is expected to help
the Local Government authorities to recognize truancy among secondary school
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
is expected to cover only secondary schools, the investigation is limited to
the phenomenon of the study of truancy among secondary schools, academic
performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Orhionmwon Local
Government Area of Edo State.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Truancy: The practice
of staying away fro school without permission. In other words, it is the act of
staying away from school without a reasonable excuse.
Vagrancy: The crime of
living one the streets and asking for money from people.
Truant: A child who
stays away from schools without permission.
Curiosity: A strong
desire to know about something.
Disobedient: failing or refusing to obey.
Abet: To encourage
somebody to be something wrong.
Frustrated: Unable to
be successful in a particular career.
Indulged: to be too generous in allowing somebody to do whatever
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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