In this study, attempts have
been made to investigate the effects of alcohol consumption and acquaintance
rape in College of Education Ekiadolor. The statement of the problem is on the
effects of acquaintance rape and its effects on students, in particular and the
public general. The purpose of the research is to find out the extent to which
alcohol consumption is a function of acquaintance rape and its effects on
tertiary institution students. For this purpose five hypotheses were formulated
and data collected through the use of questionnaire, oral interview, particular
conversation and written records (published and unpublished research work on
alcohol and rape). Percentages and frequencies were used to analyse the data
collected. Consequently the study recommends that the target audience
particularly youth should be well sensitized about the dangers inherent as
identified in the study.
less than man, inherit powerful instinctive drives to preserve their life and
liberty, but the pursuit human characteristics. Therefore, man has been in
search for drugs to facilitate this pursuit (Britainnical, Vol. 13 1998).
People do not usually drink pure alcohol but a beverage containing alcohol,
specifically ethyl alcohol. Alcohol beverages include wines, beers and spirits.
Alcohol is a depressant, dulling the cortical functions of memory, learning,
judgment, reasoning, comparison and classification (encyclopedia of Psychology,
Vol. 1 pp 14). Alcohol has an anesthetic or depressant effect on the central
nervous system. It is a class of drug that act upon the nervous system by
depressing or dulling human functions of learning. Ordinarily, the respondents
ascertain that small quantity of alcohol in esopectation of reducing feelings
of tension, relieving feelings of anxiety and conversely obtaining feelings of
gaity and exhilaration. The increasing rate at which alcohol is consumed is
poses tragic consequences such as cultism, thuggery, accidents and rape just to
Rape described the act of forcefully having sex with a woman who is or may not
be your wife against her will by threatening her or using violence. The legal
definition of rape as stated in Britannica Vol. 16 is “the performance of
sexual intercourse by a man other than her husband with a woman against her
will by force or fraud”. Acquaintance rape has become more prevalent than ever
before, very few woman and girls report these incidences of acquaintance rape,
thus a high proportion of rapist escape conviction for a variety of reasons
(Abbey 1991). In acquaintance rape or any other type of rape the victim may
experience feelings including; shock, disbelief, denial, guilt shame, fear, anger,
rage. She could also experience, headaches, fatigues; severe injuries could be
sustained and could result in sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS. All
of the above effect together with effects of alcohol consumption conspire to
make alcohol consumption and acquaintance rape social problems that demands
immediate attention. Already government has spent millions of naira in checking
its effects on the society. This study will provide for deeper insight into the
prevailing contributing factors, experiences and effects of rape.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In favourable circumstances, alcohol will not merely reduce tension and anxiety
but suppresses them entirely. The anxiety suppressing action of alcohol is
commonly seen in the gradual removal of social inhibitions. Shy people become
outgoing or bold; well-behaved people become disorderly, the sexually repressed
become amorous, the fearful become brave the quiescent or peaceful become
verbally or physically aggressive (Kesel and Walton, 1982).
Other physical behavioural manifestation of mild intoxication are slurred
speech, unsteady gait, disturbed sensory perceptions and inability to make fine
discriminations. When these occur in a social getting in which allows for
sexual activity or is atleast on eventuality rape may probably occur. While
this state can incite rape in males, the females in this condition might not be
able to discern an impending rape attempts. Koss and Wisniewski (1987) reported
that 80% of the rapes that occurs on campuses are committed by someone whom the
victim is acquitted, hence the name acquaintance rape. Although acquaintance
rape has been linked to alcohol consumption on campuses. This relationship has
received little attention. Muehlenhand and Linton (1988) for example found
t5hat 15% of the college women they surveyed had experienced unwanted sexual
intercourse on a date.
Most worrisome is the existence of rape myths which makes people who believe in
them insensitive to sexual victimization experienced by others, or even
themselves, and the less likely they are to take effective steps to prevent
rape. The magnitude and importance of the problems of alcohol consumption and
acquaintance rape are insufficiently appreciated. Its impact facts not only on
the victims of alcohol or rape but on a wide circle of family and friends. Its
social reverberation affect accidents, sexual assaults and crime rates, school
drop out, unemployment etc. it is the serious havoc which acquaintance rape can
wreak on the society that quicken ones interest in researching on this issue.
This research therefore, intends to investigate the interrelationship between
alcohol consumption and acquaintance rape plus its effects in tertiary
institutions and the society at large.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to exp-lore the links between acquaintance rape
and alcohol consumption on tertiary institution students as well as the
effects. This study seeks to examine the causal factors of these two serious
problems. In addition this study intends to offer an explanation for the
connection between alcohol consumption and acquaintance rape and the magnitude
of the problems. Although rape laws are sex neutral, women victims and male
perpetrators were focused on in the present study because women/girls represent
virtually 100% of reported rape victims (Muehlemhand and Liton (1988). The
study denotes attention to then preconditions that foster acquaintance rape
like rape myths. Aside from this, the study adduce prevention programmes which
have been developed from the information gathered through this study to reduce
the risk of acquaintance rape for future generations of students in tertiary
OBJECTIVES OF THE
The objectives of this study are stated below viz:
To explore the links between acquaintance rape and alcohol consumption.
To identify the causal factors of acquaintance rape and alcohol consumption.
To state the precise role alcohol plays in acquaintance rape
To examine the effect of acquaintance rape or survivors.
To develop prevention programme and aid to acquaintance rape victims.
Acquaintance is more prevalent than previously believed
Alcohol use by the perpetrator is frequently associated with acquaintance rape.
Alcohol use by the victim is frequently associated with acquaintance rape.
Alcohol use impairs cognitive processing and increase feelings of sexual
dis-inhibition and arousal.
Alcohol consumption frequently occurs in social settings in which sexual
activity is a possible and often desired outcomes.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
This study examines the effects of alcohol consumption and acquaintance rape in
tertiary institutions. This study will provide students with deeper insight
into the prevalence, contributing factors, experience and effects of rape. It
documents extensively alcohol-related problems among tertiary institution
student’s explanations for the affinity between alcohol consumption and
acquaintance rape. Armed with the realities of rape and rape myths got through
socialization, the female folk will risk less harm to themselves.
The prevention strategies teaches both male and female students in tertiary
institutions and of course people outside school environment, how to convey
honesty and clearly their sexual intentions and to interpret the intention of
their dates. Similarly, it will be of immense value to related research topics
and future research. It is hoped that with this body of knowledge, the
government will have better reasons, and be better able to convict the high
proportion of rapist who escape conviction for a variety of reasons. It will
also give direction to promoting line of future research.
Women victims and male perpetrators are on focus in this study owing to the
fact that women make up virtually 100% of reported rape victims. This study
focuses on tertiary institution students. They are a high-risk group for
alcohol consumption and rape because they are in the same age ranges as the
bulk of rape victims and offenders. The victimization rate for women peaks in
the 16 to 19 years old age group, and the second highest rate occurs in the
20to 24 years old group. Koss and Wilsin Dcwski (1987) they add that the
victimization rate for those groups are approximately 4 times higher than the
mean for all women. Kanin (1990) stated that 45% of all alleged rapist who are
arrested are individuals under ages 25. Approximately, one third of all persons
of age 18-25 are attending school. This is the age bracket of students in
tertiary institutions. Due to the dearth of logistics this study is limited to
the college of Education-Ekiadolor.
Euphoriant: A drug that makes you experience a strong feeling of
excitement and happiness.
Alcohol Beverages: A hot or cold drink containing alcohol.
Depressant: A drug that makes your body processes slower and makes you feel
Acquaintance rape: Rape by whom the victim knows.
The colouless liquid present in such drinks as beer, wine, brandy, whisky etc.
Rape Myths: Ideas or story that many people believe, but which is not true.
High-risk group: A group of people more at risk to rape in the society.
An illegal drug smoked like cigarette made from dried leaves of the HEMP plant.
A drug usually in the form of white powder.
Stranger rape: Rape perpetrated by one whom the victim do not know.
Anger rape: Rape, which is primarily an act of revenge and is used to vent
Power rape: It
refers to when a rapist is motivated by desire to exert control in life and
dominated over another persons.
Sexual gratification rape: This describes a rape type where rapists are primarily
after sexual gratification.
Sadistic rape: This is a type of rape where the rapist expresses aggression as
erotic or a turn on.
Rape tauma syndrome: A pattern and set of unpleasant and upsetting physical and
mental effects experienced by rape victims.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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