The aim of this study is to find out the
effects of traditional marriage ceremony on the youths among Bini-speaking
people of Edo State. One hundred and seventy questionnaire were distributed and
one hundred and sixty were collected from both married men and women in Oredo
Local Government Area of Edo State and some youths. Percentages were employed
in all analysis. On investigation, the researchers found out that rituals perform
in traditional marriage ceremony is one factor that discourages the youths and
makes them to turn away from traditional marriage ceremony. Traditional
marriage ceremony also gave room to polygamy which is distasted by the youth
especially the ladies. It was also discovered that the practice of traditional
marriage ceremony is regarded as primitive by some youths and that it leads to
over population. Some recommendations were also made by the researcher that the
ritualistic aspect of traditional marriage ceremony should be modified to suit
the modern society. The undue power given to men over the women in traditional
marriage ceremony should be minimized.
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
A brief introduction of this chapter comprising the sub-heading to
Discussion of these relevant sub-heading by reviewing recent
related works of other authors
A brief summary of chapter two
Procedure of study
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Sampling techniques adopted
Validation of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Data and discussion of results
Use of relevant tables or statistics to present and analyze the
A discussion of the results derived from the data
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
OF THE STUDY
to Egharevba (1998) claims that the Binis migrated from Egypt and eventually
occupied the heart of the present Oredo, Orhionmwon Ovia North East and Ovia
North West Local Government Areas of Edo State with their headquarters at Benin
City, Abudu, Ehor and Iguobazuwa respectively. The Binis practice various forms
of religion ranging from the traditional religion to Christianity, the
traditional dresses and white clothe with coral beads as neck lace and in the
ankles. The women dress in wrapper (Igbegbe) with coral beads as their neck
lace. Today however, most of the men dress in buba and wrapper like the
Yorubas. Although Christianity had influenced the traditional religion, it is
important to note that it has not erased it from the society.
religion still exists and most things are still done in the traditional ways.
Examples are the traditional marriage ceremony as it affects the youth in the
society today can be said to be as a result of the influence of westernization
and foreign religion. Their educational system created a great enlightenment
among the people in the area of dressing, food, drink, music, language, their
system of marriage etc. Because of this, the modern youths now have their own
ideas about the day to day activities and the area of marriage ceremony is not
left out. Education as an eye opener has made our youths to see the loopholes
in our traditional kind of marriage for example, the involvement of too many
rituals when is expected to be carried out by the couples before they are
Economically too, it is rejected on the basis that it consumes a lot of money.
The bride price though this varies from one family to another is considered to
be much the ceremony which usually takes up to the period when bride had fully
settled in her husband’s house usually involve a lot of spending on the part of
the bride groom. Sociologically speaking too, the youths especially the ladies
abhor traditional marriage ceremony, the man is allowed to marry as many wives
as he likes. This act is intolerable among our modern ladies, many of them have
to drag their groom to the court6 or church in quest of one man, one wife out
on this ground in the sense that the more wives, the more children and this
bring about over population and other economic and social hazards to the
society. Religiously too, traditional marriage is not welcomed by the youths in
that it destroys their faith. According to Ogbonmwan (1995) the reason why the
youths contact church marriage is that the church is an institution. It has her
own laws and regulations among these are that Christians must marry in the
church; he went further to say that marriage is a part of Christian’s heritage.
He supported this by making reference to the beginning God made male and female
and said for this reason, man shall leave his father and mother and be
joined to his wife and their two shall become one flesh as they are no longer
two but one flesh. “What God has joined together let no man put asunder”. To him
Christians come to marry in the church because they are Christians.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Due to the
avenue provided by the traditional marriage ceremony to have more than one
wife, the ritualistic involvement of would be couples and the economy and
social problem it has brought as a result of its polygamous nature, have made
the youths to kick against it.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
of study is to find out these effects that traditional marriage ceremony have
on the youths. It is to show how it is carried out, the general opinions on
traditional marriage ceremony especially the youths’ opinions and to find out
also the influence of family on traditional marriage ceremony.
In view of
the problems of this study, the following hypotheses were stated.
1. Traditional marriage ceremony gives the
man undue power over the woman.
is the involvement of families in traditional marriage ceremony.
traditional marriage ceremony involves to many rituals.
couples combine traditional marriage ceremony with the Christian or ordinance
kind of marriage.
especially the ladies abhor traditional marriage as it gives room for polygamy.
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
It will be
of great significance to parents especially those that believe strongly in
tradition to always allow their children to decide on the form of marriage they
want as this will go a long way to affect their lives. It will also be very
useful to the society in general in terms of the polygamous nature of
traditional marriage ceremony has this often than not lead to over population
and other social vices.
SCOPE OF STUDY
seeks to treat the effects of traditional marriage ceremony. It was meant to
cover the whole areas occupied by the Bini speaking people of Edo State, but
due to financial and time constraints, it will only cover the following areas
in Benin City, Abudu, Ugo.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
is an identified area being occupied and developed by a group of people at a
kind of wrapper tied by the Bini women.
is the marriage of one man to many women at any given time.
beliefs, customs launched down from one generation to another.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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