This research study was solely designed to examine the issues of
tobacco smoking and its effect on academic performance of students of college
of education ekiadolor. In the course of this research, the concept of tobacco
and the effect as well as misuse was looked into. The study was aimed at
finding out how parent, family background, peer group and curiosity of students
etc contribute to tobacco smoking problems among students, with special focus
on drugs like cigarettes, alcohol, coffee, kola nut show that some students of
college of education ekiadolor smokes. The investigation also show that tobacco
smoking induce memory loss and alters behaviour. It was also discovered that
tobacco usage affects academic performance and causes loss of ambition.
Therefore, the work recommends proper educational consequences of tobacco
smoking, the provision of counselling services to school and the imposition of
some levies to restrict the production of tobacco. It also recommends that the
mass media should month heavy campaign against tobacco and also calls for the
introduction of meaningful and educational activities to the students.
1.1Background of the study
1.2Statement of study
1.3Purpose of study
1.4Significance of study
1.6Scope of study
1.7Limitations of study
1.8Definition of terms
2.1Nicotine makes brain cell quality
2.2Academic performance and attitude to school and
other behaviour characteristics as related tobacco smoking.
2.3Effect of smoking on man health
2.4Smoking behaviour of friends
2.5Intention to smokes
2.6Smoking among family members
3.3Population/Area of study
3.4Method of data collection
3.6Samples and sampling procedure
Analysis and interpretation of data
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Tobacco leaves is the most utilized part of the plant and it could
be used naturally (fresh) or processed (dry) systematically into other forms of
products as it is being today, e.g. cigarette, snuffs, pipe etc statistics so
far show that 2/3 of European, Asian and most African countries use this
product in one form or the other although data has show that makes (product)
accessible for the end users. Tobacco is a naturally occurring alkaloid has
some forms of chemical component which make it one of the world most solid
natural occurring alkaloid, especially when synthetically manufactured.
Smoking origin can be traced back to about 3,000 BC, smoking as it
were can be linked to ceremonial burning of leaves, incense in magical
ceremonial and religious practices among the Egyptians and Maya India in south
America, until the spread of tobacco smoking in the fifteenth century, after
Spanish explorers had been introduced to it by the Mexican and Caribbean India,
taking in of smoke. And fumes had remained primarily only a priestly and
occasionally a medical function. After the introduction of smoke to Europe and
Asia and Africa in the era of slave trade, then tobacco was smoke with pipes
and sometimes grounded to smoke fine granule as smoke as snuff this habits of smoking
was immediate by the slave from their master and hence the habit of smoking was
cultivated and spread from one geographical location to another and from
generation to generation. Tobacco smoke contains poisonous substances such as
nicotine, alkaline carbon monoxide, ammonia, prussic acid and a number of
aldehydes and tars, in all tobacco contain some 4,000 chemicals. Tobacco
smoking was found to be one of the most causes of cancer of the esophagus,
nasopharynx, mouth, larynx, kidney, lungs and bladders and well as causes of
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, health disease, stroke and other
cardiovascular disease. Smoking also increase asks associated with oral
conceptive use and exposure to occupational hazards such as besties.
The question that readily comes to our minds is “why do we smoke”
the only answer is that smoking has no physiological benefit, but emotional
satisfaction. According to the oxford concise medical dictionary, tobacco is
the dried leaves of the plant niceties bacum or related species, used in
smoking. Once a smoker develop dependence on smoking (cigarette) led to risk of
emotional, physiological problems and health risk, according to the surgeon
generals advisory committee on health appointed by the us public health service
in 1964 proof that cigarette smoking is a serious health hazard most especially
From numerous studies conducted over decades the committee draw
evidence and concluded that inhalation of tobacco smoke by smokers and
non smokers alike has been found to increase the risk of heart disease and
respiratory problems. Usman and Krasner (1962) view tobacco smoking in relation
to society expectations of proper use, Usman and Krasner explains that students
acts in a way that is harmful and improper to themselves and as a result this
affects the academic performance. To most individual social expectation usually
implies that one can take (smoke) as many amount of tobacco as long as it falls
within the limit of tolerable behaviour in reality a smoker commonly responds
more to their tolerance level than to the social norm for tobacco use.
Tobacco smoking is characterized by behaviour and other responses that
include compulsion to take to tobacco in continuous or periodic basis in order
to maintain its academic performance and sometime to avoid discomfort.
Tolerance may or may not be present in students dependent on tobacco.
According to Sainberg and Byer (1973) were of the view that
development of tolerance is indicated when repeated administration of dosage of
tobacco provide a decreasing effect and an increasing higher dosage must be
liken in order to obtain the original effect, this lead to habituation to
smoking i.e. the continuous desire to repeating the use of tobacco continuously.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The main intention of this project is to investigate the effects
of tobacco smoking among students of college of education ekiadolor Benin, and
the role of parents and lecturers on curbing the use of or smoking of tobacco
among students and also the effects of tobacco smoking on their academic
performance. The researcher will investigate the extent of the following
1.To find out if the students of college of
education ekiadolor are aware of the armful effect of “tobacco smoking”.
2.To ascertain the various method or ways adopted
by families and teachers in curbing tobacco smoking among their wards and
3.To investigate why students smoke
4.To find out the health and social implications
1.3PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose and aims of this study is to ascertain the effect of
tobacco smoking on academic performance of students of college of education
ekiadolor and also to prospect ways of curbing the uptakes of smoking (tobacco)
by students, though the study is limited to students of college of education
ekiadolor, the research findings can also be applicable to other students on
other higher institutions of learning.
of the study therefore is to supplement to existing findings on the topic, the
purpose of this study geared towards the following;
1.To determine the effect of tobacco smoking on
students academic performance.
2.Examine the role played by the families and
lecturers to guide the students and discourage them.
3.To make recommendations and suggestions certain
ways of curbing tobacco smoking among students.
1.4SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study of the effect of tobacco smoking on academic performance
among students of college of education ekiadolor is of much significance and
not only to the students of colleges of education ekiadolor students but also
can be applicable to other students in other higher institutions of learning in
Nigeria. The importance of carrying out this study is that it could serve as a
reading test to many who meant to gain deeper knowledge about causes, effects
and method or ways that can be employed to control the uptake of tobacco by
students in higher institution of learning. This study will encourage both the
federal, state and local government to establish tobacco rehabilitation centres
though the ministry of health via drug inspection unit (DIC).
the study will offer very useful suggestion on the ways that can be used by
parents, lecturers and government to curb tobacco smoking among students.
1.Tobacco smoking can lead to metal disorder which
affects academic performance of students.
2.Peer pressure lead to involvement or uptake of
tobacco among students.
3.Poverty and family background led to tobacco
smoking by student.
4.Society and social problems encourage tobacco
smoking among student.
1.6SCOPE OF STUDY
This study is carried out in College of Education Ekiadolor in
Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. As a matter of fact, the
researcher intends to deal extensively with this study because of its
importance in assurance of development of the society through the well
development of a well balance students that are emotionally, physically and
1.7DEFINITION OF TERMS
poisonous substance in tobacco that causes tobacco addiction.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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