of this study is to find out the factor that influences the growth of cultism
out this study, a questionnaire was designed and administered to the student in
College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin.
collected were analyzed and interpreted. It was observed that power, security,
wealth, parents, peer groups and amongst others are he major factors that
influence the growth of cultism in schools.
light of the findings, recommendations were proffered in the hope that if
carefully considered and implemented by individuals, organization and bodies
they would help in reducing cultism in schools.
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1Background to the study
1.2Statement of problems
1.4Purpose of study
1.5Significance of study
1.6Scope of study
1.7Limitation of study
1.8Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.0Origin of cultism
2.1Erosion family/parents influence and secret
2.2Peer group influence and secret cultism
2.3Society and secret cultism
2.4Academic performance and secret cultism
2.5Power, ego ad affection and secret cultism
2.6Menace of cultism
2.7Sanction and secret cultism
2.8Category of secret cult
different stages of initiation
3.4Method of analysis
5.0Discussion of the findings
All over the world, universities have often been regarded and
referred to as citadels of learning. The also applied to the Nigeria
universities until recently when as a result of incessant secret cult
activities the centres of learning have become centers of violence. Indeed,
Gimba (2000) in referring to the cult activities in the universities as
offering B.SC in violence and “MA” in cultism. As has been observed by Eneji
(1996) almost everyday, there are new stories of devilish acts perpetrated by
secret cults on campuses. In describing the situation of cultism. Eneji (1996)
asserts from the universities to the polytechnics, college of education and
other tertiary institutions and some secondary schools, come stories of
According to the Oxford Concise dictionary of sociology (1996)
gives the anthropological definitions of a cult as a set of practices and
beliefs of a group in relation to a local god. It also gives a sociological
definition of it as a small group of religious activities whose beliefs and
typical secret, esoteric and individualistic. Ogumbameru (1997) defines a
secret cult as an organization whose activities as kept away from the knowledge
of others. These activities are essentially covers, designed and are usually
carried out behind closed doors. From this definition cults now popularly know
as confraternities, have assumed a monstrous features in our institution of
higher learning. To this end therefore our various campuses, which were
hitherto a mode of intellectual quest and social uplift most have become
citadel of violence and terrorism.
The pertinent question that one may ask is the phenomenon of cult
just entering our institution of higher learning? The answer is simply no. this
is because international figure have been know t be members of the pirates
confraternity in their college days or universities.
Furthermore, when there was a violent clash between the Eiye
confraternity and the Buccaneers at the universities of Ibadan in 1989 some
notable professors and doctors at the institution were fond to the patrons and
bankers of these cults. The implication is that these professors and doctors
were members of these cults in their own college days. We find and disturbing
trend of the proliferation of campuses cult in or institutions of higher
learning, such cults are Viking the black axe, the morphine, the buccaneers,
the pirates, the black arrow to mention but a few have become a familiar
features in our institutions.
However, what arrested the attention of the government and the society
at large is the introductions of violent, savagery and terrorism into the
present day cult a diametrical contrast to what obtained in yester – years. It
is now common in or campuses that factors of naval cults violently clash even
in broad day light and manta themselves down with dangerous weapons such as
guns and daggers, nocturnal initiation ceremonies in which initiates are
animalized and some of then die in the process making blood covenants and
performing other occultic rituals, organized opposition against any kind of
oppression real or imagined liberal consumption of alcohol, use of drugs,
intimidation and use of violent, extortion, stealing, armed robbers, arson,
sexual abuse and rape, examination malpractice, maiming, manslaughter and
murder. The recent occurrence are the university of Ile-Ife, Benin Ekpoma,
Ibadan and of the course college of education, Ekiadolor to mention but a few
artist to these facts. This is what as led to the pubic to speak against the
societal evil calling to its total eradication.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The fundamental problems of cultism are the uncertain and unsafe
atmosphere in or campuses even to the activities of members of secret cult.
Their manner of operation is both sinister and bizarre living behind them, a
frail of wants destruction. Most distressing of the problems is the spate of
killing in our campuses in recent times, many lives have been terminated
In spite of measure put in place by the various arm of government
and school administrators, aimed at combating the ugly trend of cultism, the
phenomenon’s to be gaining more popularly ad prominence on our campuses.
Thus, the researcher intend to make an in-depth study into the
factors which create the tearful climate that encourage the growth and spread
of cultism in our institutions of higher learning with a view to proffer
solutions to the problems.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Does power, security and wealth are some of he factors that
influence the growth of cultism in schools? Does parents and peer groups also
influence the growth of cultism? It is alleged that students of the affluent
are most involved in cultism? Students whose parents are members of secret cult
are likely to belong to secret cult? Does power, ego affection, menace of cultism
sanction can also contribute to the growth of cultism in schools.
1.4 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that encourage
the growth of cultism in our institution of higher ;learning with view to
educate the public about the extent of the social problems.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study will provide expository factors which encourage the
growth and spread of cultism in our institution of higher learning. This will
therefore provide planer and implementers of policies with the factors that
influence cultism in schools. These when know will enable them to fight cultism
squarely and help eradicate the problems that has become a canker worm in our
institution of higher learning.
1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY
This study will involved the total population of the college f
education, Ekiadolor that is both staff and students.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Cult: A system of religions worship especially one that is
expressed in rituals
Cultism: Is the state or phenomenon where person are sound
together with a common beliefs
Hitherto: This means until now or until a particular time
Quest: The act of seeking or a long search or to find.
Noron: New initiated cult members
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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