AN EXAMINATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL, A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
This study investigated an examination of instructional materials
in the teaching and learning of Business Studies in Secondary Schools in Egor
Local Government Area of Edo State. This questionnaire each was administered to
the eight secondary schools. It was fo9und that instructional materials
promoted the teaching learning process.
that the study of Business Studies will like the subject the more when
instructional materials are used. It has been discovered from the result that
majority of the business studies teachers and students should appreciate the
importance use of the instructional materials based on those who is finding it
difficult to understand, it is recommended that the selection of the
appropriate materials, instructional materials should be selected according to
the purpose of a particular lesson.
Instructional materials must be attractive and introduced at the beginning of
the lesson the government should provide enough instructional materials for the
teaching and learning of Business Studies and also the teachers should develop
the ability of using instructional materials in most the lesson if not all.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 History of Instructional Materials
1.3 Statement of the problem
1.4 Purpose of the study
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitations of the study
3.2Sample area or scope of the study
3.5Validity and Reliability
3.6Administration of the instrument
3.7Method of data analysis
4.1 Analysis of data interpretation and
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The project discusses how secondary school teachers can enhance
their classroom performance through the identification and effective
utilization of appropriate instructional materials. The ability of the teacher
to educate does not depend only on the possession of the relevant knowledge at
a given time but the use of good instructional materials appropriate to the
needs of t he students. The idea of using instructional materials to enhance
teaching and learning is not new, as Greek geometers draw diagrams on sand,
Jesus Christ used parable which were story illustration that helped his
listeners to understand his message (Obujes Obudu Journal of Education Studies
Vol. No 1 July 1992).
Instructional materials can be seen as those materials, which aids
the teacher in teaching his/her lesson in the class. Instructional materials of
curriculum materials were succinctly defined by Oyejemezi (1981) as all the
available materials, which appeal to all the sense and feeling and aid
learning. Instructional materials are tools ranging from most elementary and
home made device to highly complex machines designed to help teachers cope with
specific teaching needs and proffer solutions to them for a teacher to
administer instructional materials in teaching, there must be the presence of
students who are ready to learn.
The use of
instructional materials is very essential and school lacking the necessary
materials, for teaching, do not reasonably achieve its objective. What the
effectiveness of teaching possible is not only the quality of teacher but also
equipment and materials that will aid the teacher and students performance.
Some instructional materials can be drawn and module by the students, hence it
promotes fast learning. Studies on teacher education and use of instructional
materials have been out and reported by several investigators including those
of Lynne (1982) Agun and Okunrotifa (1977), Agun (1999) and Agun (1986) pointed
out the need for development of skills by teachers undergoing their training so
that they could be able to use a wide variety of instructional materials
aids are instructional materials and devices through which teaching and
learning are done in school examples of learning aids include visual aids,
audio-visual aids, real objects and many others. The visual aids are designed
materials that may be locally made or commercially produced. They come in form
of wall chart, illustrated pictures, pictorial materials and other two
dimensional objects. It is interesting to note that a large percentage of
trained teachers and those undergoing professional training course can teach
with some of the learning aids they do so consciously because they known that
the use have positive effect on learning out comes as their cognate experience
during teaching practice supervision reveals.
claim that whenever they taught with some of the learning aids their students
gets more stimulated because the learning aids help them (students) to become
more attentive. In addition, students positive attitude generate more interest
for the lesson they teach as a result students participate better in class
OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Government was formerly a part of Oredo Local Government until 1996 when it was
carried out by the Sanni Abacha Administration. It has its head quarters at
Uselu. The communities in Egor include Uselu, Egor, Uwelu, Ugbowo, Iguosa,
Osakwe, Egor and Ogunwenyi.
attractions include the university of Benin and its Teaching Hospitals, Grown
Status, Bronze, Brass work and Terro Coffees.
Natural resources/Industrial Raw Materials include Cassava, Yam,
Pepper, Tomatoes, Vegetables, Pineapple, rubber, Clary, Kaolin and Timber.
The infrastructure in the local government include electricity
good network of roads, potable water, telephone and other tele communications
Health services are provided by public and primary health centres
public and private hospital clinics and maternity homes. The university of
Benin Teaching Hospital, the best. In the state is located in the local
The local government has one of the highest concentrations of
educational institution in Edo State. Public and private institutions of
learning abound in the local government. The university of Benin, a federal
university, the first in Nigeria is located in the Local Government Area.
1.2HISTORY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS
Much of the foundation of the field of instructional design was
laid in World War II, when the US military faced the need to rapidly train large
number of people to perform complex technical task, from fieldstripping a
carbine to navigating across the ocean to building a bomber. After the (World
War II) the success of the wartime training model was replicated in business
and industrial training and to a lesson extent in the secondary classroom.
Benjamin Bloom (1955) published an influential taxonomy of what he termed the
three domains of learning. Cognitive (what we know or think), Psychomotor (what
we do, physically) and Affective (What we feel, or what attitude we have). This
taxonomy still influences the design of instructional materials.
Instructional materials as defined in education code section
60010(L) provide instruction designed to ensure that students master all the
business studies contents standards for the installed grade level.
1.3STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The researcher intends to examine the following areas:
1.Importance of instructional materials to the
2.Performance of secondary school students
3.Identification and selection of appropriate
4.Guidelines for effective use of instructional
1.4PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
For the purpose of this study, the researcher will
1.Analyze the needs or importance of teaching
aids/instructional materials in the teaching learning process.
2.Find out if the schools are properly equipped
with various instructional materials.
3.Find out if the teacher uses available teaching
aids/instructional materials when teaching their subjects.
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is significant because it will enable teachers to
realize and appreciate the importance of instructional materials and guide them
in the selection of appropriate and suitable materials for effective
It is also aimed at helping the teachers to know that
instructional materials stimulates children’s interest in learning and helps
them to recollect what they have been taught.
1.6SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study will be carried out in six secondary schools in Egor
Local Government area of Edo State which have been selected randomly those are:
1.Uselu Secondary School
2.Use Secondary School
3.Egor Secondary School
4.Uwelu Secondary School
5.Evbareke Secondary School
6.Federal Grils College
7.Adolor Secondary Schools.
8.Iyoba Girls College.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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