This study aimed at discovering some factors responsible fro
spelling mistakes among secondary school students in Ikpoba Okha Local
Government Area in Benin City. The sample was draw from six secondary schools,
two of which are boy’s schools, another two are girl’s schools and any two schools
are mixed schools. There are 240 dictation answer sheets that were selected on
the basis of key legibility and comprehensiveness and the classes that were
sampled were SS I and SS III respectively. Here, the main instrument of
collecting data was a dictation exercise. The diction was in sentence form each
contains the keyword. After the collection of data sample percentage and pie
chart were used for analysis. Five hypotheses were used in the study and they
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the study
Purpose of the study
Limitation of study
Delimitation of study
Definition of terms
Description of sample selected
Discussion of result
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Spelling is a very complex skill; it is more complex especially in
languages like English and French where their autography is different from the
way words are spelt. Beginners (children) in the learning task suffer seriously
from learning disabilities. This researcher therefore aims at finding some
factors that are responsible for spelling mistakes in some selected secondary
schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area in Benin City.
1.2PURPOSE OF STUDY
The communication of human society is both oral and written ones.
These days many people are very conscious of their spoken English as well as
the written ones especially in some parts of the world where English language
is used as their means of communication. With the use of some modern media like
telephone, tapes, phonograms (record player) and films for the transition of
information, there is a great improvement in oral communication. This modern
trend which can withstand the written forms plays an important role in social
life today. Some of the good examples of these transitions of information are
everyday news/network in the radio and television, the minutes of world
conference, government announcement in the radio and television and examination
answers depend greatly on oral and written communication. It is very important
that words used for communication be correctly spelt, because correct spelling
motivates the readers, and poor spelling also irritates the reader as well.
This researcher therefore, attempt to investigate some of the
factors that are responsible for spelling mistakes made by some senior
secondary schools students with a view to recommending ways to correct these
mistakes that are over powering these students. Due to the fact that we were
colonized by the British, English is now our secondary language (L2) of
communication and with the fact some Nigerian students who are learning English
are often faced with the problems of harmonizing or producing the elements of
her mother tongue language which is her first language because every language
has its own number of units of sound (phonemics), and in two languages have
equal number of phonemics.
This then portrays that in learning a new language, the student
are bound to come across some phonemics that are different from the one she has
already known. Obviously, this will result to spelling problems, and it is this
type of spelling problems and some similar other ones that the researcher wants
to look into a to save the situation because too much work has not been done by
people to find out this nature of spelling mistakes are to be corrected.
Moreover, there has been the belief that mother tongue language is
the best for the indigene of each tribe and because of this; the learning of
the indigenous language begins very early in the life of a child. Secondary
adult from time to time communicate with children in their own dialect, which
makes them master their first language. As a result of this, there is the
problem of the effect of the mother tongue on the pronunciation, spelling of English
words, sentence structure and the usage of words. An analysis of these spelling
mistakes made by students on a good function for this subject and the analysis
of this spelling mistakes that are made by the students and the remedy
suggested are way of helping English teacher to eliminate the spelling problem
of their students
1.Does lack of competent personnel and facilities
contribute to poor reading habits among secondary school students?
2.Is poor background a result of insufficient
motivation for good reading habits?
3.Does mass failure in various examinations,
examination effect of poor reading habits?
4.Does lack of experience and play materials
contribute to poor reading habits?
5.Does spelling problem/mistakes arise from
phonetics shape of words?
1.4DELIMITATION OF STUDY
This researcher is a report in some factors that are responsible
for spelling mistakes which were discovered in the dictation exercise given to
senior secondary school students from eight selected secondary schools in
Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area in Benin City, Edo State of Nigeria.
This research work does not aim at looking into some mistakes like
pidgin English, things responsible for poor up bringing of a child or the
socio-economic background’s effect on the students. But the emphasis is
directly on the on words that are commonly spelt wrongly and the reasons for
1.5DEFINITION OF TERMS
Spoken English this extends to language communication skills, the organs of
speech and hearing also are involved.
This is the unit of sound work.
This is the an English transcription symbol.
This is the ways in which the spoken words are presented and are also
presentation of sound by letters that approximate, symbolize the sound.
Students first foreign language
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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