Factors Influencing The Growth Of Cultism In Tertiary Institutions And Its Effects On The Academic Performance Of Students In College Of Education Ekiadolor- Benin, -abstract
The Purpose Of This Study Is To Find Out The Factors That Influence The Growth
The purpose of this study is to find out the factors that influence the growth
of cultism in tertiary institution and its effects on the academic performance
In carrying out the study a questionnaire was designed and administered to both
the students and staff (academic and non academic) in College of Education,
The data collected were analyzed and interpreted it was observed that power,
security, wealth, parents, peer groups and amongst others are the major factors
that influence the growth of cultism in tertiary institutions.
In the light of the findings, recommendations were proffered in the hope that
if carefully considered and implemented by concerned individuals and
organization and bodies they would help in reducing cultism in tertiary
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of problems
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Method of analysis
Data presentation, analysis and interpretation
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Cultism is the state or phenomenon where persons are bound together with a
common belief or cause usually through some rituals.
According to Oxford dictionary of current English 5th edition the word “cult” mean a
system of religions worship especially one that is expressed in rituals. From
this definition cults now popularly know as confraternities, have assumed a
monstrous features in our institution of higher learning. To this end therefore
our various campuses, which were hitherto a mode of intellectual quest and
social uplift most have become citadel of violence and terrorism.
The pertinent question that one may ask is the phenomenon of cult
just entering our institution of higher learning? The answer is simply no. this
is because international figure have been know t be members of the pirates
confraternity in their college days or universities.
Furthermore, when there was a violent clash between the Eiye
confraternity and the Buccaneers at the universities of Ibadan in (1989) some
notable professors and doctors at the institution were fond to the patrons and
bankers of these cults.
The implication is that these professors and doctors were members
of these cults in their own college days. We find and disturbing trend of the
proliferation of campuses cult in or institutions of higher learning, such
cults are Viking the black axe, the morphine, the buccaneers, the pirates, the
black arrow to mention but a few have become a familiar features in our
Additionally, the attention of the government and the society at
large is the introductions of violent, savagery and terrorism into the present
day cult a diametrical contrast to what obtained in yester – years. It is now
common in or campuses that factors of naval cults violently clash even in broad
day light and manta themselves down with dangerous weapons such as guns and
daggers, nocturnal initiation ceremonies in which initiates are animalized and
some of then die in the process making blood covenants and performing other
occultic rituals, organized opposition against any kind of oppression real or
imagined liberal consumption of alcohol, use of drugs, intimidation and use of
violent, extortion, stealing, armed robbers, arson, sexual abuse and rape,
examination malpractice, maiming, manslaughter and murder. The recent
occurrence are the university of Ile-Ife, Benin Ekpoma, Ibadan and of the
course college of education, Ekiadolor to mention but a few artist to these
facts. This is what as led to the pubic to speak against the societal evil
calling to its total eradication.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The fundamental problems of cultism are the uncertain and unsafe
atmosphere in or campuses even to the activities of members of secret cult.
Their manner of operation is both sinister and bizarre living behind them, a
frail of wants destruction. Most distressing of the problems is the spate of
killing in our campuses in recent times, many lives have been terminated
In spite of measure put in place by the various arm of government
and school administrators, aimed at combating the ugly trend of cultism, the
phenomenon on our campuses has refused to be eradicated.
Thus, the researcher intend to make an in-depth study into the
factors which create the tearful climate that encourage the growth and spread
of cultism in our institutions of higher learning with a view to proffer
solutions to the problems.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that encourage
the growth of cultism in our institution of higher ;learning with view to
educate the public about the extent of the social problems.
It should be seen by those who could do something about it
(educational planners, educational policy makers, the Nigeria University
Commission (NUC), the government, parents, various university councils and
senates, etc.) as something that did not just evolve overnight, hence,
solution. It is should be as elastic as its evolution.
Firstly, cult association parade members that is not classifiable
as normal personality types. Hence, the particular agoraphobic trait in them
gives impetus to the desire to operate clandestinely need to located and
Secondly, university authorities should not frequently use threats
of expulsion against cult members. Instead, effective means should be devised
to draw out and register cult organization so that their activities would be
made more open and easy to monitor. It is also psychologically defeating to
expel students from an institution of learning, particularly for behavioral
deficiencies, such as exercising one’s right of association wrongly. When a
human organism is expelled from an establishment whose sole objective is to
train and change behaviour.
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study will provide expository factors which encourage the
growth and spread of cultism in our institution of higher learning. This will
therefore provide planer and implementers of policies with the factors that
influence cultism in schools. These when know will enable them to fight cultism
squarely and help eradicate the problems that has become a canker worm in our
institution of higher learning.
1.Does parental influence contribute to the growth
of cultism in schools?
2.Does it really mean that peer group influences
society, academic performance, power, ego, affection, menace of cultism, can
sanctions also contribution to the growth of cultism in school?
SCOPE OF STUDY
This study will involved the total population of the college f
education, Ekiadolor that is both staff and students.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Cult: A system of religions worship especially one that is
expressed in rituals
Cultism: Is the state or phenomenon where person are sound
together with a common beliefs
Hitherto: This means until now or until a particular time
Quest: The act of seeking or a long search or to find.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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