The purpose of this study was to find out
the factors affecting the teaching and learning of agricultural science in Ovia
North East Local Government Area, Edo State. The research work was also aimed
at identifying the factors affecting the teaching and learning of agricultural
science in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State. In carrying out
the study the samples were made up of students and teachers. A total sample
size of fifty respondents were interviewed and administered questionnaires, the
findings were analyzed and discussed. The result of the study revealed that
insufficient land, inadequate simple farm tools, insufficient of improved
instructional materials and lack of agricultural laboratory equipment are some
of the factors affecting teaching and learning of agricultural science in area
of study. It was recommended that, the government should as a matter of fact
supply the relevant and much needed in teaching and learning to these junior
secondary schools since science can best be learnt through experimentation.
There should be provision of teachers with practical a agricultural science
qualification to handle the subject in schools.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
Background of Study
Statement of the Problem
Objective of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of terms
Design of the study
Method of Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis
Presentation and Analysis of Data
agriculture is derived from two Latin words oger meaning field and culture
meaning cultivation. Literarily agriculture refers to the production of crops
and rearing of animal for man use. Agricultural production involves series of
activities which include the cultivation of other products into forms that
could be used by man. The preparation of products include; processing, package,
storage, marketing etc. agriculture is regarded as the live-blooded of a
nations domestic economy and the mother of all other business occupations and
professional. The development of agriculture in Nigeria will help minimize over
dependence on crude oil, the market of which fluctuates. Types of agriculture
are; subsistence agriculture and commercial agriculture.
The Subsistence Agriculture: As
men advance from the hunting and gathering stage, they developed the art of
cultivating certain plants and domesticating certain animals, this was a period
of self-sufficiency which was the beginning of settled life and people began to
group themselves in villages. They made crude implement to provide enough food
for their family. This practice is found today in every isolated area where
communication has been limited; the people have not been exposed to modern ways
of forming and surplus capital for investment is not available.
The Commercial Agriculture:
This is the type of farming which involve cultivation of large acres of land,
because most operation is usually mechanized and yield term of money, skilled
labour and management. It is mostly practice by very rich farmers. The
practices also required application of agrochemical and may causes
environmental pollution. It may also encouragement erosion and other ecological
mishaps and special marketing strategies have to be planned for successful
evaluation and marketing of farm produce.
1. In this scientific age, agricultural
science has an important role to play in the school and also in the economic,
social and political development of any nation. Infact the main distinction
between the so called development and developing countries is due to the degree
of scientific development in those countries. Virtually today, people
everywhere are aware of the significant role that agricultural science and
products of agriculture play in the society, because of the importance attached
to the study of agricultural science right from the elementary school to
university level. Agricultural science is also an applied science that make use
of scientific theories and principles to bring about a product or an effect. It
applied principles from among others, genetics, chemistry, biology, ecology and
2. Agricultural science played an
important role in secondary schools in Ovia North east Local Government Area.
because many of our farmers have little or no scientific methods of the subject
and they can only be enlightened by the young ones who must have studied the
subject in schools.
3. Agricultural science in secondary
school must involve theories and practices therefore it embraces the use of all
the sense organs practically, agricultural science makes people very healthy
and physically fit. It is vital to practice agricultural science in secondary
school to check the migration of our people from rural areas to the urban areas.
4. Acquisition of skills is on other
direct advantages of agricultural science in secondary schools students.
Because the principles practice and appreciation of agriculture help to
prepared them for after school paid jobs. The acquisition of skills is one of
the domains entrenched in any good educational system. Therefore, agricultural
science like other practical subject helps to develop the psychomotor domains
focus of this research work is to investigate the factors affecting teaching
and learning of agricultural science in Ovia North East Local Government Area,
Edo State for instance, agricultural science unlike the other subject has been
problem to many students. The reasons for such retrogression could be attributed
to the acute shortage of professionally qualified teachers and teaching aid.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
intend to investigate the factors affecting the teaching and learning of
agricultural science in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State and to
find solution to this factors. Based on this problem, there must be need to
give serious attention so as to achieve technological advancement and help in
our everyday living. Because a sound background in scientific knowledge would
provide a good base for further scientific learning on the contrary, most
students lack this basic background and this is as a result of some factors in
teaching and learning of agricultural science by the teachers and
Specifically, this study will be geared towards answering questions identified
The teachers method of teaching is also responsible for the factor affecting
the teaching and learning of agricultural science in Ovia North East Local
Government Area, Edo State.
Student in secondary schools see agricultural science as a dirty subject.
The non-availability of teaching aids are factor in the study of agricultural
science in secondary schools?
The problems of acute shortage of professional qualified constitute science in
The attitude of parents is a factor affecting the teaching of agricultural
science in secondary schools.
Inadequate land is also a factor affecting the teaching of agricultural science.
OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
is aimed specifically at analyzing and diagnosing the factor affecting the
teaching and learning the factor affecting the teaching and learning of agricultural
science and also at providing suitable suggestions that will help improve the
teaching and learning of agricultural science in secondary schools in Ovia
North East Local Government Area, Edo State. The following are some of the
specific objective to be achieved;
To identify the factors affecting the teaching and learning of agricultural
science among secondary school students.
To examine the factors affecting/inhibiting the teaching and learning of
agricultural science in secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government
To find the possible ways of over-coming these factors.
To make recommendations based on the findings it will hope that the findings of
this project work will be of immense benefit to agricultural science teaching
and learning throughout Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State, since
they will be exposed to factors hindering the development of agricultural
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
will help to throw some light on the factors affecting the teaching and
learning of agricultural science in the area of study. The outcome of this
study will be useful to the teachers, students and government of Edo State in
general, Ovia North East Local Government Area in particular. The result of the
findings will guide the classroom situation; it will also be of immense benefit
to the individual especially when it aims at self reliance.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
of the study cover the attitude of teachers, students, government and parents
towards agricultural science teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ovia
North East Local Government Area, Edo State.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more