This project work is designed to find out
the factors that are affecting choice of career amongst vocational and
technical school students in Egor Local Government Area, Edo State. In t he
study some schools were selected in Egor Local Government Area, Edo State.
About fifty students were randomly selected to participate with ten students
from each of the schools. The instrument used for collecting data was the
questionnaires. The responses were analyzed by the use of percentage
calculation. The analysis of the data revealed that all hypotheses were correct
a.That there is no significant relationship
between the prestige value of any occupation and the choice of career.
b.There is no significant relationship between the
occupation of parents and the choice of career of students.
c.There is no significant relationship between the
sex of students and choice of career of students.
d.There is a significant relationship between the
types of subjects offered in the school and the choice of career.
Based on the above findings, suggestions
and recommendations were preferred. It was recommended among others, that
relevant programmes should be made in the form of awareness for the students to
make different careers available, thing involved in the occupations and
qualifications needed to carry out further research on the student’s career
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of problems
1.3 Purpose of study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
2.1Attitude of students
2.3Availability of facilities
2.4Accessibility to the facility/equipment
2.5Programme experience and its influence
3.1 Research Methodology
3.2 Sample Study
3.3 Sample and Sampling
3.4 Sample Techniques
3.5 Research Instrument
3.7 Administration of instrument
3.8 Method of analysis
Data Presentation and Analysis
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In those days when few people for various reasons could go to
school and job were waiting for individuals to qualify and take, there little
need for planning either in terms of what courses to take or in terms of what
type of job to do in future as occupation. Today the old education system order
has changed due to change in society. The present day society is too complex
and changes at a much faster rate than it was before. This rate of change
present a baffling situation for the young ones in the society who have no
experience. The choice of demand that alternatively should be clear and the
important aspect should be taken into consideration in order that the decision
process would be easier.
According to Mankinde (1982), he observed that in a simple society
with little diversified choice of career, it does not require much specialized
assistance. Parents and friends and family could provide adequate advice to
someone who has to make a choice between several familiar options. The
restlessness common to youth today is indicative of the society is complex and
diverse. They are trying to understand their relationship with this fact moving
programme. As newsmen of at put “it is a genuine desire to come to give with
the underlying question in all human enterprises. The meaning of life, what am
here for, what can I do to justify my existence. The present system of
education in Nigeria which is the 6-3-3-4 system is American in origin. This
pattern of education was into our society with its different culture of life
and values and this class of value has created immense problems in our effort
to develop a system suitable for our society. The history of applied psychology
has its roots in the rise of empirical science and the increasing influence of
a commercial industrial social class beginning in the last 18th century. This development led to
the need for a more democratically based school system to train qualified
worker for the every-burgeoning industrial complex indeed, the demand for
workers in Nigeria was done among those that take the skills and the need for
personal to help channel these prospective workers into increasingly complex
job. The two significant events which occur in the 20th century
marked the expansion of vocational and technical guidance. The were the career
in 1910 of the national conference on vocational guidance. Association (Whifey,
1984). This marked the beginning of vocational moment in Nigeria.
However, vocational guidance counselling started in Nigeria as far back as 1961
with the inauguration of the Ibadan career council, which later formed the
nucleus of what is known as the Nigeria career councils. The name Nigeria
career council was later changed in the year 1967.
There was a general opinion amongst career counsellor that our
youngsters need constant guidance in the choice of occupation and the relevant
career choice it is common knowledge to find students choosing vocation or
occupation for which they have no aptitude but interest, such students are
likely to end up in failure and career frustration. Thus, we have to live in
ambiguity, uncertainty and value confusion. In other words, the traditional
road or signals of danger are all inadequate today. The fact that personal
conflicts or some other external obstacles do constitute to these goals, how we
handle these obstacles that they do not develop into problem, require
experience. The fact that guidance scheme can over one tools such as knowledge
of how to solve problems are brought to bear on problems situations, the
ability to make appropriate choice and decision are increased to the utter
satisfaction and happiness of the individual. It is noticeable that many
students have gone through the years of school system without knowing and
choosing the appropriate subject that can lead them into the professional job,
further studies and career wrist to pursue. The question now is how can we
solve these problem which are affecting our students in their choice of subject
in the school system as the choice of subject leads to the choice of career
which in turn leads to the world of work in the career which in turn lead to
the world of work in the society and nation that will eventually lead to
building the personality of the individuals.
Career plays a very fundamental and significant role in the life
of the individual not only because they determine the pattern of income but
also because they affect the individual personality and concepts in life.
Career therefore is a choose pursuit, life work or success in one's profession,
it is the sequence of major position occupied by a person throughout his
lifetime. In a nutshell, career is the totality of work one does in his
life time and are person concerned. It is therefore a positive thing for one to
think as far as possible as it is enduring. Career choice is something very
hard to enter especially as ones life will depend on it.
Her (1973) thus indicate that career is the totality of experience
through which one learn about and prepare to engage in work as part of his way
of living. PietropesaandSplete(1975)
Stress career is an enjoying process that occurs over the life span and
includes homes, schools and community. Every human being needs to do one job or
the other to help contribute his quote to the development of the country.
career convention according to him is an instrument of career information. This
occurs for a number of reasons, which includes:
1.To stimulate career thinking and widen
2.To focus attention on particular jobs in order
to help an individual crystallizes his preference.
3.To create a situation in which parents can on
one hand meet employers and discuss the opportunities they offer and on the
other hand meat the career teachers oar career officers with whom they can
Factor that may influence choice of career includes.
-Personal or family factors
-Cultural factors, which include schools, peer
group, age group.
which undergo problem of career often make their choice of career or subject
without adequate consideration of important factor such as ability want and
interest. Disillusionment could be avoided if the students could be guided in
their choice of careers. Guidance can only be possible if the guidance
counsellor can understand the aptitude factors that the students choice of
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
of this study is to find out the career aspiration of the selected students in
Egor Local Government Area, Edo State. The study will also determine the
factors affecting the choice of careers.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at eradicating the problem of choice of career
amongst students in the society. It would also give students a good direction
their year of study. The right choice of students so discover on time whether
the subjects they have chosen, and if they would be able to do them, can meet
their aspirations. Also the study will give educator good understanding of the
problems and it will enable them to help the students make the right choice of
career in which they have the aptitude and ability. This will enable them to
read just and cope with the requirement for such career.
will go a long way in making our policy make recognizance the need for training
more careers guidance counsellor for our students in the society. Implementation
of the recommendation which will be derived from the study will enable students
to develop some skills early enough through vocational and technical training
to enable the contribution to economy development. As specialization is a
criterion to high productivity the nation would also benefit very much from the
employment of the right individuals in the right careers because there would be
increase in productivity, thus, the national manpower need would be satisfied.
1.The students aware of what career they are going
2.Are the students influenced by friends, parents,
teachers, social status, prestige, socio-economic background?
3.What role do parents play in their children choice
4.Whether a students ability in a particular
subject aspect his choice of career?
5.Are the school giving the children a proper or
adequate guidance and counselling service for their choice of career?
1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The perception of students (positive and negative) is fact all
over the nation. But this study restricted to selected schools in Egor Local
Government Area of Edo State
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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