TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION FOR PRODUCTIVITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
TECHNICAL, VOCATIONAL, EDUCATI F PRODUCTIVITY, SUSTAINABLE, DEVELOPMENT, NIGERIA
Technical And Vocational Education For Productivity And Sustainable Development In Nigeria, -abstract
Technical Education Plays An Important Role In Nation Building- It
Is The Cornerstone And Veritable Vehicle ...
Technical education plays an important role in nation building. It
is the cornerstone and veritable vehicle for the revitalization of our
technology education and our economy as it provides the required manpower for
socio-economic, technical and industrial sectors of nation. The greatest secret
to ones success is choosing a job/career that is in line with your natural gift
and talents, even when no one employs you, you can create jobs yourself and
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of research problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of study
Definition of terms
The world conservation strategy
Target population (development process)
Application of technical and vocational education
The role of technical education
Constraints and challenges of business education in Nigeria
Samples and sampling procedures
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and
Conclusion and recommendations
Recommendation for further study
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Technical education is the
systematic application of scientific or other organized knowledge to practical
task, it then means that when one uses the knowledge gained elsewhere to solve
a similar problems in another environment successfully then technology is in
action or has taken place. in technical education, the teacher quantity is
critical because of the very skills, that must be taught, the teacher becomes a
general list if he can teach more than three skills at all levels. The
technical teacher must have some ability for multiple skills and eventually for
Vocational education is
designed to help the learners acquire and develop skills, knowledge and
attributes for effective employment or progression in specific occupations.
This demands the learners to be adequately informed, prepared and equipped for
the task ahead. Nelson and Nies (1973) Okorie and Ezeji (1988) believed that
the more informed young people are about the needed work, skills, the more they
are able to maintain themselves in an occupation which best meets their
individual aptitude and interest. Vocational technical education is the study
of technology and related science and acquisition of practical skills and
knowledge relating to occupations in various sections of the economic and
social life (Abokede, 2000).
In designing process of
technical education courses as a double major, there is a separation between
technical education sources and education courses. Technical education uses the
methods and techniques of education, courses in the teaching-learning of
technical education. The aim of colleges of education is to expand knowledge
and the supply of competent experts to assist the nation to accelerate its
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS
The negative situation is due
to the failure of our educational institution to inculcate vocational technical
education on the young ones in the school as these students are still in their
formative and most impressionable years and age when ideas are still very fluid
and amendable to change. Any habit or attitude developed at this stage will go
a long way in the later life of the child. The revolution of the role of good
vocational and technical education in our country cannot be left out. For education
to be meaningful; and beneficial, vocational and technical education should be
introduced in schools particularly from primary school level as children at
this age are highly susceptible to learning. It has been established that poor
performance of reading gives low understanding and low understanding affect
individual performance. There are some factors that may constitute problem in
the rapid progress some of these are:
Political instability in government policy making on science and technology
process may slow down the role of technical education in the national
Poor funding of technical education may slow down the rapid progress expected
from College of education.
Inappropriate use of methods and techniques on technical and vocational
education by the lecturers in the delivery of instruction may slow the progress
of skills acquisition by learner in colleges of education.
Unconducive atmosphere and relaxation may slow down teaching learning process.
The problem identified above,
if care is not taken would not allow colleges of education in Nigeria to
sustain continuous growth, could deter manpower development to work and genuine
aspiration of the people to develop. It can also reduce the output of the
student’s intake, affect the strategies of development, affect the productivity
and the efficiency of performance and create difficulty to more these colleges
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of technical and
vocational education shall be to encourage the spirit of enquiry and creativity
in teachers and learners education. The spirit of enquiry of creativity is a
product of intuition or an acquired skill or knowledge. A look at the same
decree as to the purpose of technical and vocational education says among
others that the purposes of technical education shall be the provision of
technical knowledge and vocational skills necessary for agricultural industrial
commercial and economic development. The provision of training to impact the
necessary skills leading to the production of craftsmen, technicians,
technologist, engineers and others skilled personnel who will be enterprising
and self reliant.
We should give and produce a
multipurpose technical and vocational education as to make the students of
technical and vocational education to teach as well as create things, the
trainee of technical and vocational education should not only be an
intermediate product in the hands of others, but also as a finished product
that can re-invest in his own human capital stock skills and knowledge, in
other words, the trainee must be given the training that makes him or her not
only a seeker but also a creator of jobs.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will
be of immense use to all those connected with technical and vocational
education in schools and nation in general.
The result of the study will help in no small way ion how beast technical and
vocational education can be put in action.
The study will also turn a guide to the formulation of an idea school technical
and vocational programme geared towards the complete development of the
It is envisaged that it would contribute to existing literature on problems of
technical and vocational education in schools.
These are some basic research
questions, which is to be carried out by the investigator.
Can inadequate technical and vocational education teachers affect the teaching
and learning of technical and vocational education in secondary schools?
Does technical and vocational education help school children?
Does poor technical and vocational education give rise to poor learning?
Does a good technical and vocational education help school children to learn
Can inadequate trained teachers affect the students learning of technical and
Based on the research questions
above, the following hypotheses are formulated.
Technical and vocational education helps school children to have balanced
Inadequate technical and vocational education teachers affect the teaching and
learning of technical and vocational education in schools.
A good technical and vocational education can produce technical NCE teacher who
will be able to inculcate the specific and technological attitudes and values
into the society.
SCOPE OF STUDY
In order to avoid unmanaged work,
the researcher has limited herself to some secondary and tertiary education.
The schools include:
College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin
Mosogar Physical and Health Education
Mosogar Grammar School
Ufuoma Secondary School
Jesse grammar School
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Technical education: This is the systematic application of scientific or other
organized knowledge to practical task.
Vocational education: This is designed to help the learners acquire and develop
skills, knowledge and attributes for effective employment or progression in
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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