This research work is carried out to find
out the causes of teenage pregnancy among female student in College of
Education, Ekiadolor-Benin. It deals with the purpose of the study, which is to
find out the problems teens are facing concerning unwanted pregnancy and unwed
parenthood. To suggest ways of helping any youth facing the dilemma of unwed
parenthood as well as practical suggestions for adolescents in avoiding the pitfall
of being pregnant. Related literature was reviewed and questionnaires were
administered. It was observed that most students drop out from secondary school
as a result of teenage pregnancy the summary recommendation and conclusion
researcher was able to find out that adolescent from neglected families or
broken home lead to teenage pregnancy. It was also detected that lack of
exposition, lack of family guidance and bad company contribute a lot to teenage
pregnancy. Based on the above findings, it was recommended that since the
parents has a greater role to play in the life of adolescent therefore parents
should maintain stable and positive relationship with their children.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and limitations
Definition of terms
Review of literature
Population of the study
Reliability and Validity of Instrument
Method of analysis
Analysis of Data
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This project is to look into the causes and effects of teenage
pregnancy among the female students and how it affects academic performance.
Millions of children return from empty house because both parents are of the
working class, which makes many teenagers less parented. Dorland medical
dictionary for health consumer (2007) states that teenage is the period between
puberty and the completion of physical growth, roughly from 11 to 19 years of
According to Mosby’s medical dictionary (2007) Elsevies also
states that teenage is the period in development between the onset of puberty
and adulthood. It usually begins between 1 and 13 years of age with the
appearance of secondary sex characteristics and spans the teenage years,
terminating at 18 to 20 years with the completion of the development of the
adult form. During this period the individual undergoes extensive physical,
psychological, emotional, and personality changes. Teenagers face daily
pressure from peers, they are exposed to influence of TV, movies, the music
industry and internet etc. he further stated that, pregnancy as the state of
carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. This condition
can be indicated by positive result, on an over the counter, urine test and confirmed
through a blood, ultrasound, detection of fetal heartbeat or an x-ray.
Pregnancy lasts for about nine months measured from the date of the woman’s
last menstrual period (LMP). It is conventionally divided into three
trimesters, each roughly three months long. The most important task of basic
fetal cell differentiation occur during the first trimester, so any harm to the
fetus during this period is most likely to result in miscarriage or serious
disability can survive outside. The womb, even with the best hospital care, its
system are simply too underdeveloped. According to Slater Jon (2000) teenage
pregnancy is referred to as the premature pregnancy of female children that is
yet to attain the maturity and ripe age for marriage. Dysfunctions families
have set the stage for teenage pregnancy. Many parents felt that young ones
will be taught sex education in school both in school and at home.
National population commission, Nigeria demographic and health
survey 2004, Abuja Nigeria 2006 said that the Nigerian birth rate for
adolescents is one of the highest in the world and is common among female
adolescents in Nigeria of sexually transmitted infections STI) including HIV.
In cause of reducing her pregnancy rate by teenagers, including other problems,
Nigerians developed a national reproduction health risk sexual behaviour during
adolescent. However, in this modern time, young people are now familiar with
the knowledge about sex in Nigeria today, pregnancy and motherhood mark the end
of school attendance and by 16 years, 20% of female adolescents are either
pregnant or have given birth.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
There are many causes and obstacles which hinders teenage
pregnancy. In these modern society, teenagers do not need to have computer in
their homes before using one, the use of computer have increased in many
countries including Nigerian sexual materials of all kinds are easily
accessible through the internet. Uncontrolled internet usage also expose
teenagers to pornography and sex chat rooms, some teenagers are willing to
accept sex deliberately taking advantage of their being poor. Powerful
influence of the media which the teenagers watch on the TV, they are more
likely to practice this behaviour. In real life and have different partners.
Parents do not have a close relationship with their children and as a result,
they find it difficult to confide matters to their parents about pregnancy and
sex education. Some teenagers are very curious, and most of them are ignorance
of sex education and to abortion.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
School age girls who are pregnant come from all socio-economic
classes, all race, and all part of the country (rural and urban areas) many
teenagers are facing the dilemma of unwanted pregnancy and unwedded parenthood
parents, the society, the nation and the world in general are affected directly
and indirectly and their choices will have significant consequences for the
future of their communities, their country and the rest of the world. The main
aim of this project therefore is designed to help many youth out of their
dilemma of unwanted parenthood as well as practical suggestions for adolescents
in avoiding the pitfalls of being pregnant and becoming parents suddenly.
There is no significant difference between negligence of children
by parents and teenage pregnancy?
There is no significant relationship between teenage pregnancy and
There is no significant difference between parental background and
There is no significant difference between exposure to media,
computer and teenage pregnancy.
There is no significant difference between knowledge of sex
education (either in school or at home)
There is no significant difference between peer group influence
and teenage pregnancy.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significant of this is the necessity to help teenagers, makes
the right decisions, pick appropriate findings, view others with valuie or
importance and become better mother and father. Now that there is more
controversy and confusing as regard sex moral have made this project relevant
to our moral society. It is to the nation making (practical suggestions)
available to all the appropriate time, becomes next in priority).
DEFINITION OF TERMS
the removal of expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus resulting in or
caused by death.
young person age 10-14 years.
desire to know above a lot of different things.
condition of being pregnant or the period of time when a woman is pregnant.
Having sex with a lot of people.
Peer Pressure: A
strong pressure imposes by peer group.
Some one of the same age group, social class etc.
Education in school about the physical processes and emotions involved in sex.
Someone who give birth between the age of 13 and 19 or a girl who give birth at
her teenage age some one who is between 13 and 19 years old.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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