This research work was set out to examine the family background
and its influence on the child academic performance. If the child family
background has any effect on his performance at school, some selected primary
schools in Oredo local government area of Edo State as a case study in
the process of carrying out this research work, certain thought in the vain of
questions came to mind which are:
-To what extent does the students’ family
structure (family size) affect his performance academically?
-To what extent does the parents educational
position influence the students academic performance
-How far does the family background affect their
-Does the socio-economic class of parents
influence the students’ academic performance?
In the same vain, through or during the process of carrying out
this research work, there was certain discovery vis:
1.That the structure and position of students in
the family has effect on his academic performance
2.That student from a more conducive family
background performed better than those in non conducive background for a
conducive background facilitate the learning situation and improved the
academic performance of students.
3.It was also discovered that family structure
(monogamous or polygamous) has the ability to affect the students academic
performance either positively on negatively o the basis of discovery,
recommendations were made in order to improve the academic performance of
Background of study
Statement of the problems
Objectives of the study
Significance of the study
Scope/limitations of study
Definition of terms
Design of study
Area of study
Instrument of data collection
Method of data
Data analysis and discussion of results
Summary, Conclusion and recommendations
is unique and so he must react to the school environment in his own way. Since
a child behaviour is the product of heredity and environment (a child family
background, his upbringing, his peer group and al forces of his own environment)
must play a major role in his school performance. The family unit is the first
and primary foundation of the child learning process. Apart from the materials
stimulation, needed by the child and provided by his family for his
intellectual development a child also is expected to be emotionally balanced.
This will enable him to cope with all the social tolerant that would disturb
him at school. All families do not have equal economic and social status and
since children from different homes attend different problems therefore the
various children under this condition would be disturbed at school much effect
is therefore required of the teachers in identifying the child’s problems which
may be traceable to his family. The teacher should study the child’s family
background and correlate them with the child performance at school.
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
recent past, sociologist achieve tried to identify the characteristics of
family background which are directly related to cognitive development and
achievement in schools. The impact of family background on the academic
achievement of pupils in schools today is receiving wide acknowledgement in
many educational circles in the world. Family background plays an important
role in the students’ performances because it is the foundations of education.
The family is an institution which provides for the child’s primary
socialization and initial education. The initial stage of child socialization
depends on the influence of people around him of all the agents of
socialization. The family is the most immediate and most important. The
problems of why students achieve or fail to achieve success in school has
always been an issue to psychologist, educationist etc. family background has a
significant influence on the socialization of the child. Some writer like
Lovell P. (1999) are of the view that parents who are educated and economically
well off are likely to have fewer children than parents who are not only poor
but are illiterate or semi illiterate and ignorant. Rich children they opined
do lack attention from their parents in matter relating to education. At home
life for such children is comfortable with amenities like house helps
television sets, video sets, stimulating cognitive materials and all sorts of
things to play with while at school, the child does not have to think of where
his next fee will be coming from. Simply because the child is assured and
therefore feels confidents and is alert also scholars like Lovell P. (1999) are
also of the view that a child whose parents are illiterate and poor is not
likely to attract such attention from their parents. Children from the above
mentioned different family background come together to study in the same school
under the same class teachers using the same curriculum. It is in the light of
this that the researcher intends to find out the effect which family background
has on the pupils performance in primary schools.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
today, the standard of education has fallen thus leading to lots of arguments
among scholars, traders, stake holders, educationalist, civil servants etc as
to the immediate and the remote cause of the fallen standard and the factors
hindering high standard of education, while we blame government, teachers and
pupils the family which the pupils came from have much to be desired. It is of
great importance to note that we cannot exonerate the family which the child
comes from when we are talking about pupils performance in school. This is
based on either the family background which is either polygamous or monogamous
in nature social economic status of the parents or level of education of
parents or of the family and health facilities may also be involved.
with the influence of family on the academic performance of the child in
selected primary schools in Oredo local government area of Edo State certain
questions are to be asked for example:
1.To what extent does the level of education of
parents influence the academic performance of the pupils?
2.Does the socio-economic status of parents
influence the pupil’s performance academically?
3.Does the family structure in terms of monogamy
and polygamy influence the academic achievement of pupils?
4.How far does the attitude of parents and
siblings affect the academic performance of pupils?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
background is one of the factors that influence the academic achievement of
children at school. The family is the bedrock of the child’s socialization
process. A child starts leaning about life as soon as she came into the world
from the family background, the school as a source of western education. It has
been argued that a child family background influence his educational outcomes
by affecting her attitude in school. It has been observed that the pupils’ poor
performance in their school work could be traced to their parents educational
status, the parents socio-economic status, and the family structure of the
pupils. It is therefore the purpose of this study to investigate the background
of family on the academic achievement of the pupils.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
parent wants a successful result from the child who goes to school. Children
succeed in school when certain factors are put into place some of these
include: ensuring that the child feeds well at home, does his homework,
provided with the required textbooks and writing materials and has her work
checked regularly. Unfortunately many pupils fail in school owing to no fault
of theirs. However, some parents are ignorant of what they are expected to do,
to help the pupil perform well academically in school. Teachers themselves are
not left out. As young children, there is need for proper guidance and
education on the relative benefits of schooling to the pupils. The study will
assist parents to have an insight into the behaviour needs of their children.
This study also will enable the teachers to know that pupils are
not solely responsible for their poor performance in school. The teachers will
be able to come to grip with some of the problems that affect pupil’s
performance. It will avail the teacher the corrective measures which if adhered
to will help both the teachers and pupils achieve greater academic excellence.
This study intends to reveal the factors that impede or enhance the progress of
the child at school.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
is limited to findings out family background and its influence on the child’s
academic performance in some of the primary school selected in Oredo ;local
government area of Edo State are: Emotan, Oguola, Agbado, Emokpae, and Payne
primary schools, Benin City.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Family background: This involves the condition I the home created
by parents. These include educational background, home status, and family
structure in terms of monogamy and polygamy and provision of educational
Social class: The group that people belong to which is defined by
property ownership and control of health.
Academic performance: The scores an individual obtain in a class,
test or examination based on his learning experience in school.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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