This project work is aimed at critically examining the impact of
universal basic education (UBE) programme on the Nigerian child using New Era
Junior secondary school, Benin City as a case study. The project work therefore
studies the impact of universal basic education (UBE) on Primary and Junior
secondary students. The school used as sample here was collected and critically
analyzed using simple percentage method to analyze the questionnaires
administered for this study. The result of the study shows that the universal
basic education (UBE) programme has impact on the Nigerian child especially in
the area of academic performance.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the study
Statement of result
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
The early schools
The new system
A philosophical insight into
the meaning and content of universal basic education (UBE) programme
Content of UBE programme
The effect of UBE on Nigerian
Funding the universal basic
education programme (UBE)
The problems of UBE
Instrument for data collection
Population of study
Sample and sampling techniques
Presentation and data analysis
Research questions 1
Research question 11
Research question 111
Summary, conclusion and
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The National Policy on
Education was developed to eradicate illiteracy at all levels of human
existence and provide affordable education for all Nigerians irrespective of
class, religion, ethnic origin of physical appearance. The policy was driven by
a desire to eradicate poverty, increase indices of national policy, increase
political consciousness and encourage issues of national interpretation. These
basic objectives of the policy have not been realized.
In pursuance of the
aforementioned objectives of the national policy, the federal government under
the federal ministry of education have from time to time introduced different
educational reform programmes with the hope of realizing its objectives. One of
such programmes for educational reform is the universal basic education (UBE).
Yoloye (2004) opined that the
concept of basic education is not a relatively new concept to the Nigerian
educational system. Within the last decade, it has assumed a global
significance and its meaning has assumed a wider dimension. The expanded vision
of UBE comprises the universalizing of access and promotion of equity, focusing
on learning and enhancing the environment of learning and strengthening
partnerships. The UBE of 2004 represents a significant educational reform which
addressed the lapses and loop holes of the UPE. The UBE was formulated to be
the bed rock of a life long learning that will impact reading, writing and the
acquisition of the other relevant skills for sustenance and development. This
education comprises of formal and non formal acquisition of basic skills.
The (UPE) programme was however
hampered by a number of foreseen difficulties, which rendered it virtually
unimplemented. First of all, the large population of the 1980s meant that there
were suddenly a large number of the primary school children who could not
readily be accommodated with in the existing schools. Secondly, there was
scarcity and trained and qualified teachers coupled with the political
instability in the country at the time.
The former president of the
federal republic of Nigeria, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo launched the universal
basic education (UBE) programme, on 30th September
1999 in Sokoto. The first batch of primary one pupils for the programme were
enrolled nation wide in the 2000/2001 academic.
The objectives of UBE programme are as follows
· Developing in
the entire citizenry a strong consciousness for education and a strong
commitment to its vigorous promotion.
· The UBE
programme is free, universal and compulsory education for every Nigerian child
for school going age.
drastically the incidence of drop-out from the formal school system (through
improved relevance quality and efficiency).
· Catering for
the learning needs of young persons who for one reason or another, have had to
interrupt their schooling through appropriate forms of complementary approaches
to the provision and promotion of basic education; and ensuring the acquisition
of appropriate levels of literacy, numeracy, manipulative, communicative and
life skills, as well as the ethnical, moral and civil values needed for laying
a solid foundation for life long learning.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Over the years, the country’s
educational system has not met this yearnings and aspirations of the Nigerian
people. this necessitated the regular changes in the system. For any nation to
minimize illiteracy, ignorance and poverty as well as stimulate and accelerate
the pace of national development, political consciousness and national
integration, there is need to make basic education compulsory for the populace.
Having recognized this fact, Nigeria introduced universal basic education about
nine years ago. The study therefore investigated the perceived contribution of
universal basic education to national development in Nigeria.
the primary school pupils have access to free education?
students in junior secondary schools have free books?
teachers greatly motivated for teaching?
there enough teaching materials/equipment for teaching?
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to
examine the objectives and problems associated with the implementation of
universal basic education and suggest possible solutions which will assist to
overcome the challenges faced by the programme.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of the study will
be of great relevance to the educational sector.
It would create awareness on the masses as regards the importance of the
programme to educational system.
It would provide information to practitioners e.g. teachers, planners and other
stakeholders in the education of the child.
The study will enable planners to identify the problems that militated against
the UPE with a view to avoiding its occurrence in the UBE programme.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Education: This is the process of imparting knowledge and skills through
training to enable the child or individual develop positive attitude to adjust
to the society to which he/she belongs.
Basic education: This is the type of education given to a child in the first
year level of education to develop skills and practical orientation.
Primary education: This is the first level of education organized in the formal
school system offered to a child usually age (6-11) years in Nigeria.
Secondary education: It is the type of education given in an institution for
children aged normally (12-14) for junior secondary schools and (15-18) years
for senior secondary schools.
Experienced teacher: This is one who taught a particular subject in his/her area
of specialization continuously in a school over a period of time.
Free and compulsory informal education: This is the education given to a
child of school going age freely from primary level to junior secondary level.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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