This research work was directed at the phenomenal of distress
facing or affect the graduate in Benin City. The need for this study is to
bring about a drastic reduction of unemployment in the country. Some of the
objectives of this research is to find out why a large number of graduate are
found unemployed in Benin City, some of the causes of unemployment in Edo State
and recommendations of suggestions of possible solutions to these problems.
Some of the hypothesis used for the study are as follows: poor government
policy/policies have increased unemployment in Benin, high level of
unemployment hinders economics development. Concerning methodology, the
researcher used the unemployed graduate and school leaver’s questionnaires
which was administered by the respondents, the questionnaires were completed on
the sport and collected by the researcher, tallied and of simple percentage
categories which was used to analyze the result of the respondents.
Unemployment bring decrease in the national output as a result of the wastage
of human resources and high level of unemployment leads to low standard of
living for the people of Edo State base on these findings, the following
recommendations were made to assist government to reduce the high rate of
unemployment among graduates and school leavers in Benin City. Some of such
recommendations are the government should mobilize additional effort towards
creating job opportunities in the state, the government should establish
schools and colleges based on the available places that will absorb the
products of these institutions the government should establish farm settlement
and an agricultural industries. All these will be a god step in direction.
Background of the study
Statement of the problems
Objectives of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
The study area
Population of the study
Organization of data
Statistical methods of data analysis
Summary and conclusion
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Human beings engage in various works in order to satisfy their wants. In
producing human wants (goods and services) land, labour, capital and
entrepreneur are utilized, for this purpose labour being the most dynamic factor
of production, combines with the other factors to produce goods and services
for consumption of full utilized. If labour is unutilized, or underutilized
then there will be unemployment in the society. Unemployment as the name
implies get its origin from the word employment. Unemployment is traceable to
the period of industrialization which brought higher standard of living than
had ever previously been enjoyed. Before this period the people of the
primitive community were usually self sufficient and had no unemployment
problems, though they had no accept a very low standard of living. Than
production was through manual effort.
Jesseful (1994) in the Nigerian journal of economic and social studies said
that “some unemployment started with the introduction of money market by the
colonial master to substitute or after the subsistence economy which our people
were conversant with. Wage earning employment was then introduced by the
colonial master in their bid to add Nigeria raw material for export where they
are sold at profitable price.
The civil war period provided job for many in the armed forces, but the
magnitude of the unemployment increase after civil war, because of the effect
that majority of the unemployed are young workers entering the labour market
for the first time after receiving education. To pursue their aspiration and
value, they did not have enough education and practical training to provide
them with “skills” these school leavers prefer white caller job to farming. The
government could not employ someone because of lack of job opportunity while
the population of the working force was increasing; there was no commeasure
increase in the job creation.
According to Oduniyi (1985) unemployment rate in December (1985) was 9.8
percent in Nigeria while Bendel state now Edo state and delta state urban area
15.14 percent and the rural area has 7.2 percent unemployment rate respectively.
Former president of Nigeria association of chambers of commence industries
mines and agriculture and chief Adeyemi once said that “the problem of graduate
unemployment in the country can be traced to wrong educational and economic
Our educational policy is such that our institutions of higher learning produce
graduates in liberal arts and social scientist in high numbers more than any
By 1972 when free education at all level was introduced there was increased in
graduate and school leavers in the state without a corresponding increase.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study include
i.To examine the total number of unemployed
persons in Edo state with special reference to Oredo.
ii.To examine the rate of unemployment in Edo state
and Oredo in particular.
iii.To examine the impact of unemployment in Oredo.
iv.To provide suggestions to guide the government
in solving the problems of unemployment.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Before now, there were concerted efforts by both the public and the private
sectors to bring about a drastic reduction of unemployment in the country, but
al efforts proved abortive. This ugly monster that had long dwindled the growth
and development of b9oth the citizen of the state generally and Benin City in
particular had prompted the need for this research work.
HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
1.Lack of political will form the government has
hampered and increased unemployment.
2.Unemployment has hindered economic progress in
3.Poor government policy/policies have increased
unemployment in Benin City
4.High level of unemployment leads to low standard
of living for the people of Benin City.
5.Economy stability has become one of the factors
of unemployment in Benin City.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The research work is designed to carryout the effects of unemployment. And the
scopes delineated to Benin City.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is assumed that when this project work is dwelling completed, it will go
along way to assisting the government and corporate individuals to see the need
to curb the problems of unemployment in Benin City and also, help the government
to know the type of policies that should be formulated in order to address the
problem of unemployment.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Economic retrogression: This is the situation whereby an economy
is not progressing that is, an economy returning to an earlier and worse state.
Gross national product-: the value of all gods and services produced in the
economy during a special period of time, it is the national income of a country.
Economic catastrophe: This is when there is a sudden events causing great damage
or suffering in economy.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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