education of females has been completely neglected in African before the coming
of missionaries. The coming of missionaries into Africa, however, at first did
not encourage the formal education of female because of the traditional belief.
That the women’s roles in the family are for procreation and to assist their
husband in day to day activities, like farming and fishing. This notion was
gradually eroded with the coming of female’s missionaries lately into Africa.
The three tiers of government i.e. local, regional and federal appreciated the
need in female education after these events and started mass mobilization on
female education,. Parents too, took a cue from great women in academics,
politics and commerce which western education has projected.
is to find out the extent with which the highlighted motivational factors can
contribute towards women education, using year II and year III Economics,
commerce students of College of Education Ekiadolor. Secondly, whether an
intrinsic motivational factors can stimulate the learning of a given task.
accomplish this aim, questionnaires was designed and administered on one
hundred students to investigate whether extrinsic motivational factors can
influence the education of females. The respondents are given information to
questions that relates to extrinsic factors, whether or not it enhances
learning. Secondly, another one hundred questionnaires are administered to
other group of one hundred students. These questionnaires are rooted intrinsic
motivational factors in relation to the learning of task. After analysis of the
data collected, the following findings and recommendations were made:
1.It was discovered that extrinsic factors had
great influence in the motivation of female students.
2.It was also discovered that intrinsic factors
had contributed largely to the learning of a given task/tasks.
3.Motivation factors are needed in the education
of females particularly those that show apathy to schooling.
4.There is also general negative attitude towards
female education in our society. Therefore, they are to be encouraged through
granting of scholarship particularly to females.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Signuificance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Data gathering method
Analysis of data
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
pre-colonial days, Africans knew little or nothing about western education, but
with the advent of colonialism, western education was introduced into Africa by
missionaries. At the beginning, western education was generally embraced by the
male populations because of the African belief that the women’s place is in the
“Kitchen”. Females were looked at as a helper to their male folks predominately
in their farming professions. Consequently, the introduction of western
education produced many scholars and personalities, for example, Rev. Samuel
Ajayi Crowther, who translated the Holy Bible from English Language into Yoruba
language and Sapara Williams a Lagosian who became the first lawyer in Africa
in the 19th century.
Fortunately, the notion of women’s place being in the “kitchen” was gradually
being swept underground by the African populace (i.e. people of both gender),
when women missionaries started coming into Africa after their counter parts
had come. One of such was Mary Selessor who eradicated the killing of twins in
Calabar the South-South of Nigeria. This social change, gradually motivated
women is going to school to acquire west an education. Parents, local
governments and then regional government were now actively involved in the
education of women. This government to further enhance the advancement of women
education decided to carryout mass mobilization of parents to see that women
are educated. They also drew out a blueprint such as, granting scholarship to
indigent students, developing women curriculum (Food and nutrition Studies,
needle work etc).
by parents, government and missionaries to say the least brought a revolution
towards the orientation and beliefs against female education. Eventually, this
gradual change began to yield dividends in producing great women scholars and
technologist, for example Mrs. Funmilayo Rasome Kuti, the first female in
Nigeria to drive a car, professor Grace Alele Williams a great mathematician
and first women vice Chancellor in Nigeria and dr. Abimbola Awonivi, the first
woman medical doctor in African, just to mention a few.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
believed that the woman’s place in the “kitchen” a helper to her male
counterparts in his day to day activities. They also believe that the education
of female is a waste exercise. Parents were of the notion that after
their education, they drop their maidens name for their husband’s family name
after marriage they concluded that females are basically for procreation.
project intends to find out the motivational factors that enhance the learning
skills of females using students at College of Education, Ekiadolor Benin as a
case study. In order to appreciate motivation in learning we must find out the
degree at which motivation influences the learning of a given task/tasks.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
of the study is to find out from the females students.
1.Why they seems to have lost interest in lerning
and displaying no motivation to lean in school or who are defeated or turnoff to
2.To know the degree at which motivation can
stimulate the learning of a given task/tasks.
3.To help teachers and educational administrators
to provide specific guidelines for change in practice which candidates students
problems with motivation to learn in curriculum centred schools or learners
4.Trying to eradicate the frustration teachers
feel in trying to motivate hand to reach students.
5.Trying to know students and learning and emotional
needs and other stress producing situations that exist in many of our schools.
6.Trying to help teachers know about the nature of
motivation to learn, and ways it can help students develop their learning
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
research project is to investigate why females in Africa with reference to
Nigeria seems to lost interest in learning and displaying no motivation to
learn in school or turnoff to schools. The significance of this study therefore
is to identify motivational factors that can bring attitudinal change towards
female’s education. To identify which motivational factors that can enhance the
learning of a given task/tasks.
identifying the remotes causes the researcher will then make recommendations
that will encourage female education in order for the sex group to contribute
meaningfully quota to the growth of the society.
following hypothesis have been tentatively propounded in order to guide the
1.Does extreme motivational factors has any
influence on the education of females in Africa with special references to
2.Can intrinsic motivational factors the learning
of a given task/tasks.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
was carried out amongst year II and year III economics/commerce , accounting
females students of college of education, ekiadolor Benin City. The problems
the researcher encountered the cost of financing this research due to the harsh
economy facing this country at the moment. In addition, the problems of getting
adequate research materials, such as journals, books and publications based on
females education in Africa with particular reference to Nigeria. It was
discovered that some respondents/students did not give accurate answers to the
questions “they decided to answer anything that come out their mind”, this by
and large gave the researcher little problems when carrying out the research.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Motivation: This can be defined as natural response to learning
Skill: This is the ability to do well, a particular ability in
doing a good thing or handling an affair or solving a problems as required.
Education: This is the process whereby a person receives ideas,
skills, knowledge and interest which he would not have received in his ordinary
Person/students in the school environment.
Evaluation: Refers to assessment procedures, for the purpose of
increasing students, sense of competence and self efficacy, talents and
understanding, families as a nature part of learning and life.
Groups: refers to students’ interaction on social skills and
Extrinsic: Not belonging to naturally coming from or existing
outside, rather than within.
Intrinsic: Belonging to or part of the real nature of e.g. the
intrinsic value of education. It is good in itself.
College of education: this refers to all prescribed experiences
under school to provide an individual with the best possible training and
experience to fit him/her for a trader or profession.
Data: this refers to facts, things that are certainly known and
from which conclusion may be drawn.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more