This study is to investigate the impact of educational facilities
on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Akoko- Edo
Local Government Area of Edo State. Eight research questions are developed to
capture the topic and questionnaire is designed to elicit information from the
respondents which comprise of teachers and students of the selected schools,
100 population samples were randomly selected from the five schools in the
L.G.A. percentage and frequency distribution were used to present the result of
the information gathered. The findings revealed the contribution of adequate
teaching material or facilities to the performance of students, the importance
of teaching facilities, problems militating against the use of educational
facilities and how it can be resolved in the study area.
Background of study
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Research design and methodology
Validity of instrument
Reliability of instrument
Data analysis and presentation
Conclusion and recommendation
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
is man’s fundamental method of reform and progress. It can be regarded as the
tool with which society brings the transmission of its own culture. Reomer
(1981) refers to education as “all those experiences of the individual through
which knowledge is acquired, the intellect enlightened or the will strengthened
“ while Unachuka (1989) defines education as “ the process by which individuals
are assisted formally or informally, though proper direction and finance, to
develop their capacity for their own benefit and that of the society.
can therefore be regarded as a social process whose purpose is to bring about
certain desirable behavioural change in the total development of the
individual. In the whole world education has been given more regard while in
Nigeria particularly education has been seen as the main vehicle for rapid
obvious that since advent of the Europeans, Nigerians have attached much
importance to western education. The first type of schools according to Bab
Fafunwa (2001) were the Islamic and Arabic schools which emerged as a result of
the Islamic Scholars arrival into the country on the pretence of trade. They
brought along with them their religion which was Islamic under which were the
set of schools were usually situated under big trees with students who were
mainly normally conducted in the evenings after their trading activities with
the merchants who acted as the tutors. These teachers are called “Mallams”. It
is obvious that the first type of school system didn’t have any facility apart
from the slate and foreign textbooks used.
Furthermore, with the arrival of western education, the uses of facilities
became ivogue. Classrooms which came in small rooms now in form of schools
which comprises of administrative blocks, offices with such facilities as
chairs, tables, chalk and chalkboards. Textbooks were also provided to aid
teaching, this ease the way knowledge was formally imparted to the students to
prove for old stanions system.
Thomas (1992) shown that pupils have been noted to learn best when they can
effectively explore at school environment that is rich in material, so that
whenever they are given the responsibility to make meaningful choice, they
afford to interact with the available facilities.
This led to
Adaralegbe’s (1978) statement which states that the large scale of educational
programme had been embarked upon, because of increasing awareness of the
country that, education pauses the way for modernization and enable one to
improve oneself. Putting this into consideration in our schools presently it
will be noted that, education by various government bit yet, much efforts is
still required to meet up adequately. Since over fifty million people desire
are very vital in schools, the classrooms are constructed to suit the purpose
of learning and also considering climate of the people. eagle Hardt (1954)
emphasized that classrooms referred to as “Teaching laboratories”. Much
importance should be attached to facilities to enabler an imagined educational
programme to be achieved. This in short shows the importance of the provision
of efficient and effective facilities to help enhance a smooth and conducive
teaching and learning process to enable the production of effective manpower
for the nation.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
facilities will surely affect the smooth teaching and learning process in all
schools. There are some problems outlined below encountered in schools due to
lack of adequate facilities. It is known that the academic performance of each
student depends to a large extent on the facilities exposed to while learning
but, when they are lacking some problems is faced.
noted, peculiar problem would be generated when there is no inclusive teaching
and learning conduction. The unconduciveness could be as a result of non
availability of facilities like table and chair in the classroom. There can
never be way of concentration by students. Students can not be expected to
achieve any of the objectives at the end of the lesson. If pupils have to share
chairs with their mates, they would be easily distracted among themselves and
the class which is supposed to be active3ly involved in the learning process
turns out to be appealing and there is enough discomfort for the day to
discourage the interest of the pupils for the whole day’s work.
interest of the students are very low, they are going to also have a low level
of understanding, knowledge to be imparted to the students would not be fully
understood. There may also be limitation in understanding. Laboratories are
lacking in many schools and in some schools were they can be found reagents and
equipment are lacking. For instance students in science class who always
learn in abstract, that is without practical knowledge, of what teacher is
saying cannot have effective learning and this will automatically affect
his/her academic performance. These lacks of laboratories have resulted to low
interest in science subjects today, such subjects are physics, chemistry and
non availability of teaching facilities like textbooks, buildings, chart,
chalkboards etc. have hindered students performance academically and this has
resulted in their low interest in most of the subjects offered in their various
level in secondary schools.
is observed that the students supply their acquired knowledge in effectively
since they have not been able to be taught with the practical aspects but
rather expressed to only theoretical aspects of their field of specialization,
if they have been opportune to make use of facilities in different aspects they
would have been effectively appropriate.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
of using facilities to aid learning has been the pre-occupation of the
proponent of school facilities. The studying of the teaching facilities in
relation to students’ academic performance is to know the importance of
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
will be limited to a few selected secondary schools under Akoko-Edo Local
Government Area of Edo State. The study covers the following schools;
1.Akoko-Edo Comprehensive College, Igarra.
2.Unity Comprehensive College, Ibillo.
3.Ososo Grammar School, Ososo.
4.Somorika Grammar School, Somorika.
5.Ikpeshi Grammar school, Ikpeshi.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
is meant to help educators and education planners realize what problems
students who are subjected to since there is the rapid desire for education by
an increasing population of Nigeria, which have to be met adequately and with
the high rate of facility storage.
is meant to identify these problems and how much effect it has on the
performance of the students since these facilities exist to facilitate and
stimulate the instructional programme of the school system they should be
provided and maintained.
project aims at the teaching facilities and how it affects the performance of
students in selected institutions. In order to achieve this, the following
research questions are very essential.
1)Is there a relative difference in academic
performance between schools with adequate teaching facilities and school
without adequate teaching facilities?
2)What are the problems encountered by schools
without teaching facilities?
3)What are the effects of lack of teaching
4)What are the advantages of having effective
5)What are the disadvantages of not having
teaching facilities in a school?
6)Are there adequate facilities in your school?
7)Is there chance of improvement in providing
facilities to schools?
8)Is there teaching and evaluation condition good
in your school?
9)Do you enjoy teaching without adequate school
10)How can the government improve effective
teaching in schools?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
are materials that make it possible or easier to do something, such facilities
in teaching like desks, chairs, libraries etc. for easy learning process.
needed for a particular purpose. School equipment like modern equipment, learning
technology for writing on.
Academic performance: that
is, the ability in academic works. It may be either excellent or poor
in quantity or good enough in quality, for the purpose or need for effective
is the importance of something or educational equipment
is a room or building used for scientific research, experiments testing etc.
is the passing of knowledge from an experienced person to an inexperienced
is producing the result that is wanted or intended.
is the process of teaching and learning to improve knowledge and develop skills
of an individual to the society.
is where teaching and learning takes place.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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