This project is to find out the
importance of conservation of natural resources in some selected villages in
Ovia South West Local Government Area, Edo State. In this research work, a case
study research design was used to collect information on conservation of
natural resources by the people in six areas of Ovia South West Local
Government Area, please places covrred were Udo secondary school, Udo ward,
College of Agriculture Iguoriakhi, Iguobazuwa Village, Iguelaho Village, Udo
Village etc. Data collection was by both questionnaires and interview, data
analysis was by percentages. From the research carried out the usefulness and
importance of conservation of natural resources and how natural resources
ensures the continuous supply of minerals for energy and foreign exchange from
generation to generation. Benefits derived from conserving the natural
resources are: provision of income and raw materials such as timber for
industries, preservation of the endangered species of plants and animals from
extinction. In all if men are environmental friendly, it will ensure healthy
living of man on the surface of this plant earth.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Methodology and procedure of
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Validation of the instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation of data and
discussion of results
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Natural resources include the whole earth’s natural environment. A resource is
anything that meets or satisfies human need or want of civilization. Early
societies used wood rather easily taxed the extent of the earth’s resources
turning to a new one to fill their needs when the old were used up. The
renewable resources are fossils fuels, minerals etc. Man has been using these
natural resources increasingly over the years to provide him with food,
materials, and energy. The end result of this is the dangers of depletion of
the non renewable resources.
Renewable resources been used up faster than they are formed resulting in the
pollution of the environment. If our existence on this planet is to continue,
we have to conserve our natural resources (Ramalingan, et al, 1979). The term
conservation came from two Latin word “Con” meaning together while “servare”
means to keep or guard. Therefore, conservation literally means to keep
together. Today, we think of conservation as using our natural resources wisely
rather than keeping together in a status quo-situation. According to
Ramalingua, et al (1979) to conserve something means to protect it and keep it
in a healthy condition. In the present context conversation implies ensuring a
high quality life for human by the wise use and management of natural
environment. This definition has a broad scope, it thought about the protection
of nature that is forest, soil, wild life etc to enrich our lives, the
controlled and planned, production of useful materials, from the living
environment such as crops, fisheries. The controlled use of possible idea is a
corporate concept, if manipulation and decision making in regards to our
natural resources but we must first know what our natural resources are and
what part they play in the ecosystem. Aido Leopard (1979) a notable
conservationist, pointed out that people must understand ecological process to
practice conservation. The main purpose of conservation is to maintain a
healthy6, functioning biosphere (part of the earth were there are living
things) that will also provide us with our needs, including reservation of
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The study examines the essence and importance of the environment and its
resources. It is unfortunate that many people do not know the importance of the
environment to mankind and it determines the existence of man and other living
organisms. The reasons for the decrease in conservation of natural resources
are many. They include:
Inadequate education, about the danger of pollution.
The improper waste disposal
Poor wastes management
Improper handling of crude oil which leads to water pollution
indiscriminate bush burning
Illegal timber felling
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this research study is to create awareness in people on the
essence and importance of the environment. Definitely people should adopt the
best method of exploring the environment and care for nature and there are many
benefits derived when our environment is conserved.
Preservation of natural forest
preserving the beauty of life
Improvement of quality of life
Improves our revenue
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project work is designed especially to provide people particularly arose
in Ovia South West Local Government Area of Edo state with basic or fundamental
knowledge of conservation of nature resources. Information gathered from this
project work if available to those people in their various places, will go a
long way in solving the problem of conservation which include the nature
resources. A comprehensive analysis and description of the essence of environment
and its resources as provided in this project work will go a long way to
inspire and educate the researcher may and other researcher who may want
to carry out further research into this topic. Information available in
this project work will add to the pool of already existing ideas to be used in
planning developing not only biology department, Ekiadolor, Benin but also the
nation at large.
In this course of study, the
following research questions are posed, if the nature resources are covered.
nature resources useful to mankind?
the conservation of natural resource encourage wildlife continuity?
conservation preserve the beauty of nature?
a healthy environment improve our quality of life?
conservation ensure continuous sources of minerals for energy and foreign
SCOPE OF STUDY
The researcher has limited the scope of this study to Udo, Iguobazuwa,
Iguelahor College, Nikorogba, Okomu Oil in Ovia South West Local Government.
The scope is limited to farmers in rural areas and also to a few students who
are into research especially those in Biology Department of College of
Education, Ekiadolor, Benin. Also to timber fellers who always have influence
in the forest and finally the industrialist.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
For the purpose of clarification, the following terms which are used in the
content of the study are hereby defined.
Eco-System: Is the sum total of the biotic and abiotic components
interacting in the environment.
Endangered species: Are wildlife species (animals) which are useful to man and for
entertainment but are being endangered. They are being protected from
extinction e.g. stripped hydrias, giraffe, whales, kites, sparrow, hawks etc.
Extinction: Is when animal’s species reptiles, birds and mammals have been
hunted or killed by man which makes them go into extinction.
Non-Renewable Resources: Are those resources which cannot be replaced when the
initial stock is used up examples are petroleum, coal, gold etc.
Renewable Resources: Are those resources which can be replaced when the initial stock
are used up.
Is the release or discharge of waste substance or energy into the environment
by man in quantities which are harmful to him or to other things or which in
some ways reduce the quality of human life.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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