The main purpose of this work is to examine the negative attitude
of primary school headmasters towards school inspection in Egor Local
Government Area of Edo State. To be able to achieve the above purpose, the
following test was carried out. The population of the study was collected from
eight male headmasters and twenty two headmistress. Collection were also made
from three groups of headmasters and headmistress. The instrument used for the
study was the questionnaire which was validated by the supervisor. The
headmaster was also interviewed while further relevant data was collected from
the ministry of education. The data gathered were mainly analyzed by simple
percentage techniques and the findings that:
There is no significant difference between male and female head in the
perception of school inspection
is no significance difference between experience and inexperienced primary
school head in the perception of school inspection.
is no significance difference in the perception of primary school head on
school perception based on age the questionnaire was of two parts: Section A
and B. section A was the instruction parts section b was concerned with the
demographic data respondents, which consisted of sixteen questions. The study
further revealed the poor negative attitude of primary school heads towards
school inspection. In the strength of these findings it was recommended that
further research be carried out the examined if the present performance of
pupils is influenced by the role of performance of school inspection.
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Population of study
Validity of instrument
Administration of instrument
Method of data analysis
Presentation and data analysis
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In most developing countries of the world education is seen
as an important instrument of change that could foster the socio-economic and
political development. The need has led to the expansion of education to
provide the much needed manpower. In other words, education plays a very important
role in the development of nay nation and therefore occupies a position of high
priority in the mind of its citizens. As recognized by Harrison (1974) the
speed and facility with which any society progress toward solution to its
political, social and economic problems are directed and positively related to
the quality and quantity of education available to its people in other words
the survival of any nation depends upon the effectiveness of its education
Primarily education is the
first stage of education and is acceptable key to success or failure of the
whole educational system.
The primary school is
recognized as a spring board to secondary and higher education particularly in
Nigeria. Primary school level can be regarded as an instrument in
socio-economic development process. Ti this end substantial sum of money are
embarked in Nigeria government annual budget for the provision of education
services in recognition of the importance of the primary school education to
the federal government of Nigeria accorded it a place in the new national
policy on education formulated in 1977 and reviewed in 1981.
The schools are becoming large
and consequently more bureaucratic. A large number of teachers are either
unqualified thereby placing a greater burden on the school heads who are trying
to coordinate the school activity. The school system in Nigeria is a major
industry catering for the mass education of its citizens to meet the demand and
challenges of a changing world consequently the school system has become very
complex requiring that report and budget for the various activity and program
geared toward the maximum utilization of the scare resources goals these
responsibility according to Aderoimu and Ehimentalor (1941) is primary those of
administration and supervision in Nigeria for instance the Universal Primary
Education school in 1955 opened that gateway to educational expansion although
it was first practice in the scheme in the western region other regional
government soon borrowed the idea. The introduction of the scheme in western
region increased significantly the number of schools which are required to be
inspected. Subsequently, military government in Nigeria sustained the idea it
wax therefore not surprising when in 1976 then military government of Nigeria
Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo declared free Universal Primary Education through out
the country, coupled with this is the recent one also launched by retainers
Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo free Universal Basic Education in the year 2000 throughout
Free education should be
provided for all citizens of age from primary to junior secondary schools level
to foster rapid economic development, the aim of the scheme was to effect
national development. The high increased in the number of teachers required for
the programme to cope with the increase in the number of teacher to enhance
teaching learning activities in the classroom. In Nigeria, the geographical
division are on local government basis and each local government area office is
headed by a Chief Inspector of Education. There are other subordinate workers
working with the Chief Inspector among who are the Inspector of school.
Inspection was defined by Wiles (1969) pg. 46 as assistance in the
development of a better teaching learning situation. Inspection therefore is
recognized as a vital ingredient in enable the teaching learning process to
thrive since it exports for the primary aim and improving the instructional
programme of the school. Hence, good supervision is a pre-condition for an
effective pupils’ teachers relationship which is indispensable for the success
of any educational system. With the new 6-3-3-4 system and the ever growing
demand for education there is the need for functional types of school
inspection that would contributes of improving and maintaining standard in our
school bases on the foregoing consideration the main objective of supervision
in school has been spelt out as follows;
The establishment and maintenance of standard the control,
comparison and corrective action for the purpose of attaining specific overall
objective of the educational system. Ogunsaju (1983) education supervision
perception and practice in Nigeria.
Inspite of the fact that some form of supervision is sometimes
carried out by inspectors of education, headmaster and other to check the
teaching learning process in the classroom, the Nigeria child having spent
about six years in the primary school of twelve years including secondary
school still perform relatively poor. There are good numbers of pupils who fail
in the common entrance examination or West Africa School Certificate
Examination with many getting a pass grade. It is therefore asserted that if
the function of school inspections and the role of headmaster are properly
spelt out, school in Edo State in particular Oredo which L.G.A. at the primary
school level which is the block of a child education level help in maintain and
improving standard in later years.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
i. Inspection in school
is concerned with the improvement of instructional ideas, which involves people
administration supervisors, teachers, pupils, parents and other citizens it
also involves curriculum, the subjection matter, its selection and arrangement.
ii. The content of inspections not only a
body of techniques but also a substantial body of knowledge and understanding
purpose should be the content of inspection in many situation where work done
by group of people have to be effective as a unit.
iii. The falling standard in the educational system
may not be unconnected with the poor quality of inspection and headmaster
negative attitude towards school inspection specifically in ordered local
government area of Edo State in particular, which is the area of study in
question is to the school inspectors is do the school inspector in Egor L.G.A.
of Edo State have the right supervision concept and skills to carry out
supervision? Is the present inspection division of the ministry of education
and its total manpower to meet the needs of school that are continually expanding
in the situation of limited personnel from the inspection instruction in
school? It is the hope of the researcher that these problems would be solved be
seeking answer to the following questions;
a) Is there any impact on day-to-day
administration by the headmaster and the influence of school inspection in Egor
L.G.A. of Edo State?
b) Is there any difference between the
headmaster and the headmistress negative attitude towards school inspection?
c) Does experience make any difference in
the perception of obstacle that hinder effective inspection and headmasters
negative attitude towards school inspection?
d) Is the any difference in the perception
of the role of the school inspection based on age?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to determine the influence of the
headmaster negative attitude towards school inspection in Egor L.G.A. of Edo
The researcher would be interested in findings out whether;
a) The experience of the
headmaster/headmistress affects the negative attitude towards school inspection
b) The sex of the headmaster/headmistress
affects their negative attitude towards school inspection
c) The age of the headmaster/headmistress
affect their role of school inspection
d) The location of the school affects the
headmaster/headmistress negative attitude toward school inspection
e) The qualification of the school affects
the headmaster/headmistress negative attitude toward school inspection
Specifically, the project will seek to find answer to the
following research question;
i. What are the
responsibilities of school inspectors?
ii. What are the negative attitudes of
primary school head towards inspection?
f) Does the negative attitude of
primary school of the school affects the headmaster/headmistress have effects
on school inspection?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
There seems to be general census among the public that the
standard of education has fallen which they may have arrived at by comparing
the academic achievement of primary school child today with that of yesterday
performed better than today. Without the fallen standard at the primary level
will sure affect the standard in the secondary school. These fear therefore add
momentum to the need for adequate and positive contribution in the headmaster
negative attitude towards the role of school inspection.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study examined the headmaster negative attitude
towards the role of school inspection as the occupies different position in
Therefore, some teachers, headmasters and headmistress were
required to give information as regards the study. To study is limited to some
selected primary schools in Egor L.G.A. of Edo State.
It is assumed in this study that headmaster/headmistress negative
attitude towards the role of school inspection is not encouraging. It is also
assumed that some obstacles must be in the way of effective administration and
inspection of school.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Perception: Perception in the study means the angle from which
something is seen by person depending on its needs disposition and experience.
Headmaster/headmistress: This is usually the administrative and
professional heads of the primary school.
Primary school: This is the first stage of Nigeria educational
system where a six years course is offered officially, pupils enter primary
one, which is a the first year of the age of five to six.
School inspector’s officer in the ministry of education statutory
charged with the responsibility of school inspection.
Experienced and inexperienced headmaster: The
headmaster/headmistress refer to those who have serve ten years and above on
the job and the inexperience ones those who has serve less than ten year on the
job as headmaster.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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