PROBLEMS MILITATING AGAINST SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN ESAN NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE.
PROBLEMS, MILITATING, AGAINST, SECONDARY, SCHOOL, ADMINISTRATI ES NORTH, EAST, LOCAL, GOVERNMENT, ARE E STATE,
Problems Militating Against Secondary School Administration In Esan North East Local Government Area Of Edo State., Abstract
The Study Investigates Problems Militating Against Secondary
School Administration In Esan North East Local Government Area ...
The study investigates problems militating against secondary
school administration in Esan North East Local Government Area of Edo State.
The work was guided by five researcher questions. A researcher structured
questionnaire of 22 items was used for data collection. The population of the
study consists of all the secondary schools in the study area. Questionnaire
was administered to 4 selected secondary schools in Esan North East Local
Government Area. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. The
study found out those inadequate staff personnel, finances, physical
facilities/equipment, poor school community relation and indiscipline among
students are major problems effecting secondary school administration in Esan
North East Local Government Area. The study recommended that government through
it appropriate agencies should recruit more teachers, provide more funds and
physical equipment as well as a liaise with the school in curbing the
increasing cases of indiscipline in secondary schools
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significant of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Review of literature
The concept of administration
School staff personnel
School funds/finances and
School community relation
Indiscipline among students
Summary of literature review
Design of the study
Population of the study
Sample and sampling technique
Validity and reliability
Method of data collection
Method of analysis
Data presentation and analysis
Discussion of result
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The principal of a school is both the
teachers and administrator of the school. Edem (1998) described the principal
as a leader who is endowed with authority to influence the activities, behaviour,
beliefs, and feelings of his staff and students and who expects their willing
co-operation. The principal ensure that the school is life to it
responsibilities. This is why Ozigi (1997) opined that the school work revolves
around the administrator, the school reputation depends on him, and he can make
or spoil the school because the school projects are his own image. There in no
doubt that the principal occupy prime position in the school system. The
position of the principal also demand that the occupier must possess good
qualities which among other things include dedication to duty visionary,
honesty, emerge tic, mental alertness, understanding and intelligent.
In our secondary school system, many principals do not possess these stalling
qualities either because they were not well trained or were appointed due to
situational problem which are sometimes presented as “Nigerian factor.” This
factor explains why one school performs extraordinary better than the other in
major school activities. It is on this note that Griffith (2000) opined that
school administrators by virtue of their positions are leaders and the quality
of their leadership determine.
Some people are of the opinion that principals lack the ability to work towards
the achievement of the stated goals of education of their school level and this
has been attributed to the cause of the decline in the standard of education a
speculated by various mass media. Many studies have show that the
implementation of major school policies and programmes depend largely on the
principal’s administrative capabilities and other factors which study intends
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Parent and various mass media within and outside Nigeria have complained
severally about the gradual decline in standard of education in the country as
a whole and Edo State in particular. Hey attribute the ugly and
scenario to indiscipline among teachers and students, government insensitivity,
incompetent. School heads, negligence to duty on part of parents and teachers,
inadequate funds, personnel, school facilities and infrastructure etc. it is on
the strength of these speculation that this research project sought to find out
the problems facing administration of secondary school in Esan North East Local
Government Area of Edo State. To a large extent their success or failure,
principal perform both administrative and supervisory duties in their schools
and because of their strategic duties, they face numerous problem. Ezeocha
(1992) identified examination malpractice, dropout from schools immorality and
general fall in the standard of education as problem surrounding school head in
their administrative leadership roles. He also reported that lack of effective
leadership coordination and control, structural organizational inadequacies
including over centralization of authority as problem facing the Nigeria
educational system. A situation where he principal must approach the school
board or ministry of education for most school of the school need undermines
his initiative and creativity, it also causes the principal to move away from
his school most of the time there by giving room for beak-down of major school
Principals are also not given free hand to use their school finances to run the
schools. This account for why must secondary school needs is never met.
Observed that school leader do not make policy statements, by which decision
and other administrative action can be taken promptly in the secondary school
It is the principal that translate the education policies, laws and regulations
into practical realities. Unfortunately most of them are incompetent because
they were in the position as a result of years of experience without requisite
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This purpose of this project is to find
out the problems militating against secondary school administration in Esan
North East Local Government Area of Edo State.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will be of
immense benefits to the government, school administrators, principals, parents,
students and the society at large the information provided by this will assist
government through its appropriate agencies in formulation of policies and
programmes that will help to improved the condition that pose
problems to schools principals in their administrative functions.
School administrators especially the beginners will utilize the findings of
this work to increase their awareness on the possible areas of problems in the
administration of secondary school. Here it serve as both preventive and
corrective measures to the intending and practicing school principals for the
full realization of the objective of secondary education, parents will be
informed through the findings of this study on their roles towards assisting
secondary school administrators to overcome the problems they may face in the
process of performing their duties as principals.
The information provided by this work will serve as references materials to
students and researchers as well as bases for further research. The findings of
this study will be eye opener to the society at large and all the stake holders
of the education industry so as to contribute their quality in laying solid
foundation in terms of quality education at the secondary level of education
knowing fully well that it is the basis of ensuring a guaranteed future for our
The following research questions were
formulated to guide the study
do inadequate school personnel constitute a problem in secondary school
administration Esan North East Local Government Area of Edo State?
does inadequate funds pose problem in secondary school administration in Esan
North East Local Government Area?
does inadequate physical facilities/equipments in Esan North East Local
does a school community relation pose a problem in secondary school administration
in Esan North East Local Government Area?
do student disciplinary problems effect secondary school administration in Esan
North East Local Government Area?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research is primarily concerned with
finding out the problems militating against secondary school administration in
Esan North East Local Government Area of Edo State. All the major
administrative areas of the school, such as school personnel, school funds,
physical facilities/equipment, school community relation and school discipline
were examined with the view of finding out how they challenge the principals in
administering secondary schools.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Administered: This can be defined the activities that are done in order to
plan organize and run a school or other institution.
Administrator: This is referred to a person whose job is to manage and organize
the affairs of an institution.
Militate: This means prevention of something, that is, to make it difficult
for something to happen or exist.
Secondaryschool: This referred to s school for
the young people the age of 11 and 16 or 18.
Principal: A principal is a person who is in charge of a college. He is seen
as the head of the school.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more