Indiscipline includes lawlessness;
examination malpractice absenteeism etc is one of the major problems
threatening our educational institution in Nigeria. The research therefore
aimed at identifying the causes and problems of truancy in Ondo Secondary
School. To achieve the above objective are three hypothesis and the three
hypothesis formulated were accepted. The questionnaires were used to elicit
response from the respondents finding revealed that indiscipline prevails among
students in our secondary school. Based on the findings, recommendations were made
by the researcher. It is my order hope that this recommendation will be fully
implemented by the schools, state and local government, as well as the
supervising ministry of education.
1.1Background of the study
1.2Statement of the problems
1.3Purpose of the study
1.5Significance of the study
1.6Scope of the study
1.7Limitations of the study
1.8Definition of terms
2.1 Causes of truancy
2.2 The effect of truancy
2. rg se
solution to truancy
3.1 Research design
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Sample size
3.4 Sampling techniques
3.5 Research instrument
3.6 Validity of the instrument
3.7 Instrument and data
3.8 Procedure for data
4.0 Result and data analysis
5.0 Summary of investigation
5.3 Suggestion for further
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
It has been observed that a number of students in institutions of learning are
truant. They become truant in order to engage in activities which are neither
under the control of the home nor of the school. To defend himself or herself.
The truant decoys his parents and teachers and frequent truancy may lead to
vagrancy. Truancy is more a proof of the inadequacy our present educational
system than an evidence of any propensity to crime.
It is a system, which attaches little importance to individuality. The ways in
which children exhibit their truancy are many. An example can be cited in Irele
in Ondo state where students usually go to the bush to search for snails,
killing rabbits and collecting fruits, going to hidden places without any
purpose. Some finds their way to the rivers to swim while others engage in
petty jobs to get money for buying snacks, minerals, ice cream etc some even
engage in secrete love that always makes them to leave the school premises.
There are some students who cannot bear or remain in the corrective atmosphere
at home or in the school such students will have to explore other places to
relax and satisfy their curiosity. Obviously, such students will truant in the
school. A truant can also be described as the person that stays away from
school without good reasons. He or she is irregular at school attendance for he
finds other places more attractive than that school and all. It stands for
truancy is one of the offences which students in institutions of learning commit.
From research work carried out it was discovered that truancy is of varying
degree in institutions of learning and it is comparatively greater in the
secondary schools than the high institutions of learning.
Researches have shown that the rate at which staff and students in our society
are committing truancy is alarming. This probably gives a strong indication as
to the effectiveness of externally motivated factors; to makes individual
conform to the norms of society. In this research, I would like to look at the
child’s personality, the parents, the child development stages and the possible
causes, effects and solutions of truancy, which is not due to single isolated
factors, but a combination of factors. These causal factors are by no means the
only factors that have been fingered for the high rate of truancy amongst
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Truancy poses a se4ious threat to learning in most schools, the school on the
other hand, do not seem to be able to cope with the problem,. Because no
sufficient attempts has been made to reach its root. One thing that is clear in
this issue. There is a growing tendency for schools children to be involved in
social vices, such as stealing, smoking etc. this is because most home no
longer play their traditional function to rear and bring up the child in an
upright manner. This is because many parents are sop preoccupied with duties
(working, travelling) outside the homes that they have little or no time to
keep watch over the action and behaviour of their children.
In most of their schools, there is no conducive atmosphere for learning. This
is due to the fact that schools are highly populated, poorly equipped and under
staffed. Since students cannot cope with their unfavourable conditions, which
these schools are placed, this eventually leads to truancy and other social
vices found in our society today. Broken home can also be attributed to the
cause of truancy because children from a single parent need to be more exposed
to the danger of the society, for example a single parent child will leave the
mothers house and say he or she is going to the father house thereby using the
opportunity to go and stay in her boyfriends house for the boys, they so and
join bad peer group without the mother and father knowing, because they would
think she is in the father house and vise visa.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This research is carried out to find possible solution to the causes of truancy
as a social problem among secondary school students. Our policy makers,
administrators, parent’s teachers, pupils and other person who play active role
in or educational system must face this problem. It must survive the test of
time, remedy for most of our societal problem. This would certainly contribute
to national welfare, productivity and reduce the unpleasant situation
experienced by students who are seen as failure.
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to identify the causes of truancy among secondary
school students apart from this, the result of this study will be useful to
education planners, administrators of school and parents and as well as the
general public. It will contribute to the few existing literature on truancy.
The research questions of the study includes;
1.Does inadequate equipment facilitate truancy
among students of various groups?
2.Does poor classroom management leads to truancy
3.Does lack of parents care causes truancy?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study would be limited to Irele West Local Government Area of Ondo State
and would focus on the effect of truancy on the academic performance of
students in Irele West Local Government Area of Ondo State.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
A truant is a child who stays away from school without good reasons in order to
avoid classroom work that seen unpleasant to time. According to Herbert (1994)
defined truancy “as a child who absent himself from school without a legitimate
cause and without the permission of this parents or the school authorities.
frequent absence from school without permission is known as truancy. This
affects learning as lesson are missed by students who stayed away from school
as a result of truancy.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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