The study targets the problem of oral
expression among students in some selected junior secondary school in Oredo
Local Government Area of Edo State. some researcher questions were formulated
to guide the direction of the study. A review of related literature was carried
out to find out the views of other writers on the topic studied. Both teachers
and students in the selected schools were involved in the study with data for
the study collected through the administration of questionnaire to both
teachers and students. Their responses were tabulated and placed side by side
related research questions for analysis and interpretation for a desired
result. Lastly, Summary, findings and conclusion with recommendation were made.
Problem of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Operational definition of terms
2.0 Review of related
2.1 Poor teacher approaches to
2.2 Sociological factors
3.1 Goals of study
3.3 Class sampled
3.4 Sampling techniques
3.6 Method of data collection
3.7 method of data analysis
Presentation and analysis of data
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
Nigeria adopts English Language as its official language due to
many reasons. Of course the principal reason cannot be divorced from ethnic
linguistic diversities and the major ethnic languages are Hausa/Fulani in the
North, Ibo in the East and Yoruba in the West. English is the language of
government, institutions and businesses transaction in the country. It then
stands to reason, therefore, that one must have a thorough grasp of the
language in both its spoken and written forms. Nigeria therefore remains
blessed with a language that is meeting her national aspirations, one that is
well advanced and embraced universally, English language that is on this
premise is hinged, the various governments, local, state and federal attachment
of great importance to the teaching and learning of English language in the
educational institutions of learning.
English language is one of the most powerful literary tools
developed to a tremendous level, vivid and accurate records of our heroes both
living and dead, (Late Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe etc) may not
have been possible without the use of English language. The language is
powerfully employed in self expression as well as in literature, essays and
English as a medium of instruction in higher studies and for
internal and external examinations has remained unchanged. English language has
for long been a unifying factor among the numerous language spoken in Nigeria
today and it has done a lot of good. Wole Soyinka won the (1980) noble prize
for literature which is a thing of pride and joy to the entire black continent.
If Wole Soyinka had written all his books in Yoruba, he certainly would not
have won the noble laureate prize. It is therefore not surprising that much
emphasis is placed on the teaching and learning of English language. English
language is used in all ramification of the nation’s educational system, but
the emphasis notwithstanding, the performances of students in English language
is not encouraging.
Most students find it difficult to express themselves in some
given situations. This is because they lack the rudimentary knowledge that is
in English language. Elements which are vital for sentence construction such
deficiency includes the ability of the students concerned to recognize the
varying slots in the structure of the English Language.
This problem is more touching and alarming when one considers the
percentage of students who fail the English language in secondary schools. It
is devastating when one discovers that a student’s linguistic expression of his
thought is universally considered as invaluable communication tool in all his
transactions the situation becomes more poignant when it is considered that a
student’s competence and proficiency in English language expression are always
regarded as valuable assets. Since these will create effective ability in all
the individuals discipline in the school and in the use of English language
itself. Therefore, it is expected that at each level or class in the school,
each student should be able to express his or herself proficiently in English
language both in written and oral work with an academic performance that is at
least related and appropriate to such level.
It is in regard to improving on the above difficulties that many
writers have stressed the fact of spoken language coming first in the learning
of a language which the mastery of it is carried over to the written language.
Wilkin (1974) said that in recent years it has been argued on both linguistic
and psychological grounds that spoken English should be the principal objective
in the language teaching in the face of these observations it becomes necessary
to find out the factors affecting the proficient teaching of spoken English,
its vocabulary and that of sentence structure.
To find out or discover some of the factors responsible for the
poor performance of students in English language in these schools. There can be
different reasons why researcher undertakes in carrying out certain studies and
this in view that of this study include the following;
To create learning situation in which non-native speakers can gain
proper insight into how a particular language is used for living, social
interaction and communication. It also expresses ones experience in such a way
that it can be made meaningful to others.
Moreover, it is to enable student’s acquire the vital structural
meaning of words over and over, it is to place a strong emphasis upon the
spoken language in record and foreign language teaching. It will also help
teachers to learn the best way of exposing learners to the skills of English
1.Is there any relationship between teaching
approach/methods of delivery lesson and students performances in English
2.Is there any relationship between social
environment and measured performance of students in English language?
3.Does mother tongue interference have any effect
on student’s performances in English language?
4.Does student’s attitude to English studies have
a bearing on their performances in English language?
OF THE STUDY
Poor achievement in spoken and written English is generally a
problem in present day schools. The poor standard could be observed in the
students spoken and written English. This is also detectable in daily
interactions and transactions. In the schools English language by the students
in the environment of use is exhibited. This thus, calls for the urgent need of
solutions to the problems and to achieve this, the problems aforementioned must
be identified and solved.
This is where this study becomes significant as it is expected
that the findings and recommendations will solve the problem.
This study concentrates on the factors responsible for poor
performance of students in English language, in some selected schools, Emotan
College School I, II, III and Idia College in Oredo, Benin City. This study
covers the teachers and their pupils or students in these selected secondary
DEFINITION OF TERMS
This terms means not having, not showing interest in something.
This means those who have distinguished themselves in acts of valour and
This simply means not doing well academically, that is not good or of a quality
that is low or lower than expected.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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