This project work was undertaken to survey the role of
instructional materials in pupil’s academic performance. In some selected
primary school in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area, Edo State. to find
solution to the problem which gave to undertaking the survey q1uestionaire were
raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards the
instructional materials in teaching in the selected primary school in Ikpoba Okha
Local Government Area of Edo State. From the findings, it was discovered that
instructional materials in the teaching of subjects so as to enhance the
promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and
Chapter One: Introduction
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Chapter Three- Methodology
Population of study
Sample and sampling procedure
Instrument for data collection
Validation of the instrument
Reliability of data collection
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Results on observation and discussion of results
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Research has proved beyond questions that learning is more
effective when as many serve as possible are used and of all the serve sight is
powerful. The need, therefore to present information to students visually as
well as verbally is now generally accepted. In school today, emphasis is
laid on qualitative and quantitative, curriculum contents techniques and
methods of teaching of qualified teachers with great increase in the number of
school as well as students enrolment is on increase, and the quality and
quantity of teachers are needed to match this increase in enrolment of students
and in this regard.
Educational technology cannot be rules out as an instructional
innovation. According to Broom and Thornton (1960) “The gradual shift towards
the use of instructional materials in education has been encouraged by
increased availability of effective appropriate and convenient materials,
devices, machines and classroom facilities designed for improving instruction.
Throughout history, media and technology for learning have influenced
education. Recently, the computer has invaded instructional settings such tills
offer powerful possibilities for improving the learning process.
The use of instructional materials is necessary to supplement the
available instructional resources and qualified teachers. The current use of
instructional materials in Nigeria school is very low and unsatisfactory. The
following are ways instructional materials can contribute to qualitative
1. Instructional materials provides for
the teachers tools to carryout creativity in the minds of the students.
2. Instructional materials makes learning
process to be easy
3. It helps the teacher to be able to
stimulate pupils to learn.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
has shown that most of our primary school teachers no longer make use of
instructional materials when teaching and this have a negative effect on the
teaching and by extension having negative effect on the academic performance of
the pupils. Some of these effects include, the pupils will not be able to
concretize the lesson that is been taught, they are unable to visualize what
the teacher is teaching because the pupils do not have a mental picture of what
the teacher is passing across to them. This makes the students to easily forget
what they have been taught in the school. without the use of instructional
materials, learning becomes boring to the pupils and they can easily lost
interest when there is nothing like instructional materials to motivate them to
learn, so whatever the teacher is teaching them, they cannot assimilate it
easily. Again, when instructional materials are not used when teaching, it
makes the pupils to be passive, they don’t have the chance to participate in
class activities. They mainly become passive listeners and this reduces their
thinking ability and they are unable to reason out things on their own.
Statistics has also shown that most primary schools lack these instructional
materials in their schools and also they lack trained teachers who know how to
use these materials. it is this lack of instructional materials in the teaching
learning process that prompted the researcher to investigate the role of
instructional materials and its effects on the performance of pupils in primary
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
objective of this research is stated as follows;
1. To find out the type of instructional
materials available in primary schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of
2. To determine the extent to which
primary school teachers utilize instructional materials.
3. To determine the factors that militates
against the use of instructional materials in primary school.
4. To find a lasting solution to the
problems of instructional materials availability and utilization in primary
1. Can the wrong use of instructional
materials affect the academic performance of pupils?
2. What are the effects of instructional
materials on the academic performance of pupils?
3. Does non-availability of instructional
materials affects the performance of pupils?
4. Does instructional materials have any
role to play in the academic performance of pupils?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
grindings of this research would be used for the following, firstly, the
findings of this research work will be used to enlighten primary school
teachers of the need to make use of audio materials in teaching and learning
process. Secondly, the findings of this research work would be used to
encourage the government and school management to provide instructional
materials for primary school. Thirdly, the findings of the research study would
be used to enlighten the school management of the need to enlighten the school
management of the need to provide in-service training and learning process.
Lastly, it would also prompt the government to organize seminars and workshops
to teach teachers on the use of instructional materials.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
research study will cover ten randomly selected primary schools in Ikpoba Okha
Local Government Area of Edo State. the result obtained however, from the
analysis of data collected from this schools will be taken as a time
representation and reflection of the prevailing condition in all the primary
schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area in particular and Edo State in
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Performance: The act of doing something, either good or bad.
Process: A series of things that are done in order to achi8eve a
Concretize: To make something concrete.
Respondents: A person who answer questions.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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