This study investigated the causes and effects of rural-urban
migration in Ese-odo L.G.A. of Ondo State. The population of the study covered
the whole villages in the study area from, which a sample of five towns was
selected. From these towns, 5 respondents were picked each. The data for the
study were gathered using questionnaires. From the study, it was found out
that; (a) There was rural-urban migration in the study area (b) The major
causes of rural-urban migration in the area were poor social amenities and
unemployment (c) The major effects of rural-urban migration in the study area
were lack of job opportunities and high cost of living, escalation of crime
etc. To check these causes, the following recommendations were made; (i)
Unemployment, poverty, striving for high standard of living (ii) search for
better education, enjoyment of social amenities.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Chapter one: Introduction
Background of the study
Statement of problems
Objectives of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
Chapter two: literature review
Meaning and definition of migration
Types of migration
Types of rural-urban migration
Causes of rural-urban migration
Effects of rural-urban migration
Chapter three: Methodology
Population of study
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Chapter four: analysis of data and discussion of results
Showing that there is rural-urban migration in the study area
Causes of rural-urban migration in the study area
Effects of rural-urban migration in the study area
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The mobility of man has increased with technical and economic
process. He has specialized means of transport to assist his mobility as much
that distance is spoken of in terms of time according to the mode of transport.
Migration is a dynamic
component of population with reference to movement of people from one
geographical area to another.
Migration can be classified
into the following;
Rural – rural migration
b) Rural –
Urban – urban migration
d) Urban –
But attention will be focused
on rapid urbanization process and this has caused great pressure on the
existing infrastructure consequently.
This has however led to a
deplorable living condition, unemployment and congestion of the urban centres.
The rationalization of
infrastructure has become the order of the day and unemployment problem among
the people in Ese-Odo Local Government Area of Ondo State.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
There has been a large movement
of people from rural areas to urban centres since independence
This project is meant to find
out the causes and effects of rural-urban migration, which has now become
rampant in the study area Ese-Odo Local Governemnt Area.
Perhaps, this movement may be
as a result of inadequacy of socio amenities in the rural areas, searching for
white collar jobs, educational purposes etc. But finance and time have been the
major constraints to the realization of this project work.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study
that will be achieved include the following;
identify the causes of rural-urban migration in the study area
highlight the effects of rural-urban migration in the area
suggest ways of controlling rural-urban migration in the area
Since this project work will be
guided by the following research questions,
are the causes of rural-urban migration in Ese-odo L.G.A.?
b) What are
the effects of rural-urban migration in the area?
are the possible ways to check rural-urban migration in Ese-odo L.G.A.?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study of migration has
become a problem for a long time now, because since the world began, people
have been moving from one locality to another in search of favorable
opportunities such as good accommodation, good job, education, health, good
communication networks, water and power supply.
The study will help to educate
the mind of the individual, policy makers and the government to see the need to
formulate policies for integrated rural development to check rural-urban drift
in Ese-odo local government area.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study will
cover the causes and effects of rural-urban migration in Ese-odo Local
Government Area, Ondo State.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
The terms used in this project
work as follows,
Migration: Migration can be defined as the movement of people from
rural areas to the urban centres in order to earn a living
Rural area: This refers to the
countryside; it refers to hamlets, villages, farmsteads etc.
Urban area: This refers to
towns, cities, conurbations, megalopolis etc.
Settlement: A place containing
one or more buildings with people living in them
Migrants: People engaged in
moving out of a country
Emigrants: people engaged in
moving out of a country
People that moves into a country
Net immigration: This is the
difference number of immigration and emigration.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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