This study is aimed at investigating into
male roles in family planning taking a case study of Oredo Local Government
Area of Edo State. in carrying out the studies the researcher postulated
research questions and identified the various problems as affect male
participation in family planning such as belief, taboo and sex discrimination.
The instrument used was the questionnaire a simple percentage tabulation was
used to analyze the data collected, after which recommendations was made based on
the findings, stating the need of husband and wife communication in the
development of home. Further research concerning role of mass media in family
planning ids also necessary.
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample and sampling technique
Validity of the instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation of data
Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
planning is not new in the society; it has been well established in developed
countries that those under developed countries could not recognize that they
are practicing family planning. It was such in the area of study that when a
woman put to bed or deliver a baby she is sent to her mother to nurse the baby
for one or two years. The period of stay with her mother was meant to breast
feed the baby, after which she then return to her husband. This way natural
child spacing was taking place without relishing it. However, family planning
started in Nigeria because of the obvious problems of brutality means (violent)
of born and unborn children. These reasons were based on child jumping that is
a child that is unwanted can be dump into the street, gutter, mot, some are
found in front of orphanage, bush part and to public toilet. In 1954, Adeniyi
Jones established the first family planning centre in Nigeria she continue
without support until 1969 when pathfinder provide fund to sustain the
programme. Fortunately for her in 1984 the family planning centre of Nigeria
(FCN) was further organized for woman for better services. This include
provision of family planning
methods to improve maternal mortality and those with health risk
1989, president Ibrahim Babagida limited the number of children to 4 (four) per
parent or couple, this programme was very good but could not be sustained because
of poor service and management. Family planning is the processes of controlling
the number of children wanted in a marriage using contraceptive method, often
known as birth control measure Jeoffery (2004) also support the view that
family planning is a means by which individual or couples space the interval of
child birth based on mutual agreement between the husband and wife in order to
have children they can conveniently care or adequately cater for. In the word
of Gribbe, J. (2008) cited in Mabel Oshomah work he opine that “family planning
can be better explained as being a situation where people have children by
choice and not by change”, to him the happiness of the family squarely depend
on the number of children a family has to cater for.
to World Health Organization (WHO) (2002) conceptive is a drug or device
used to prevent woman from getting pregnant., this can sometimes be called
birth control according to (FPA) Family Planning Association. It is discussed
as a special device that prevent fertilization of egg in the ovum by special
device used to limit reproduction, which provide a safe and effective way to
regulate fertility of the womb. Family is a unit that comprises of man, wife
and children here the man is the head of the family or home he plan and place
resources in strategic areas that requires development in the home. If the size
of the family determines the happiness of the family according to Gribble .J.
(2008), then the male take viable decision as it may affect6 the health of the
family and also look forward to having a family he can carter for. Therefore,
he has a role to play in family planning as no man would prefer spending his
income on sickness or hospital and feeding of children, without proper
education, entertainment, proper nutrition, home that will be suitable and
comfortable for the family.
Mathusian easy on population he opined that population increase in arithmetic
progression (2, 6, 8, 12, 24 …) while food increases in geometric progression
(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, …). This place a lot of responsibility on family life. He
further explained that if population continue to increase it might possible
lead to food shortage. Rosen and Conly (1998) opined that “we see the need
through family planning to prevent the health risk of frequent child birth and
death associated with pregnancy and child birth to prevent the spread of
sexually transmitted disease (STD) including HIV/AIDS. Since the call by Gen.
Ibrahim Babagida to reduce Nigeria population ratio and to reduce poverty rate,
inflation and unemployment. It therefore becomes the need of the man to
rebrand, the structure and to plan or position every resources available to
achieve maximum living standard of living, by reducing the number of children by
means of birth control fertility. FPN (1962). This he can achieve by means of
using male contraceptives, female contraceptive, financing, advising and also
to join the government to promote the use of contraceptive in Nigeria and the
world art large.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
study the researcher postulated the following research problem or identified
the following problems;
Women is often blame for the size of the family when the number of child is
Women often complain of lack of support from their spouse or husband.
Women do not relate the issues of contraceptive or family planning to spouse or
husband until its result in an unwanted pregnancy.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
is designed to serve or to examine into;
1. The role of male in family planning
2. To find out reasons poor application of
contraceptive (family planning) method in the area of study.
3. Proffer solution or recommendation that
will further improve on the existing use of contraceptive method and to further
open the eyes of the male folk in full participation in family planning.
for effect measurement and making valid judgment based on the study, the
following research questions has been postulated.
1. If the man is the head of the family
and he is to get the woman pregnant. Then why is women often blamed of the high
number of children in family?
2. Do husband provide the necessary
support for their woman’s contraceptive or family planning?
3. Apart from advising the man to adopt
the use of condom and withdrawal method during sexual intercourse. Did the
woman also advocate for other safe method of family planning and contraceptive?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
shall bring about recommendations that will serve as eye opener to the male
folk in area of lacking active part or participation in family planning by
bringing out the need for me to encourage their wife use of family planning
method financial emotional, psychologically and emotionally.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
is meant to cover Ugbowo (Noval Road, Technical Road, Uselu, Ediaken Primary
School Road and Army Barrack. Taking a sample of selected adult married couples.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Fertility: This is the number of birth per thousand by women.
STD: Sexually transmitted disease.
AIDS: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
HIV: Human immune virus
Population: Is the number of people living in a given country.
Welfare: Is a condition of having good health, comfortable living.
And working condition.
Withdrawal: This is the pull back of the penis from the vagina
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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