This study examines the relation between
marital success and the level of education among women. The method of data
collection was the questionnaires administered to respondents. A total number
of one hundred (100) questionnaires were distributed to respondents and they
were collected back from them and duly completed. The analysis of finding will
be the same with a view to answering the questions raised in the study. For the
purpose of discussion, percentages were found in order to determine the
pattern. The results led to the following conclusions.
1. Does the level
of women that are educated affect their attitude toward their husbands?
2. Does education
make women to loose their sense of responsibility as a wife?
3. Does education
leads to marital success?
4. Does education
make women to have time in their home or domestic work?It is not right for a
woman to be educated than her husband?
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Marriage and marital success
Education and marital success
Employment and marital success
Level of education and marital success
Population the study
Administration of instrument
Sampling technique adopted
Procedure for data analysis
Analysis of data
Summary, conclusion and recommendations
Suggestion for further study
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The education of women has been recognized for several decades as
a fundamental human right and a development necessity. Education not only
provide basic knowledge and skills to improve health and livelihood, but it
empowers women to take their rightful place in society and development process.
Education gives women the status and confidence to influence household
decisions. Educating women is the key to breaking the cycle of poverty.
Nigerian society between the early 1970s and early 1980s experienced growth in
terms of social, economic and educational development. This brought about
increased movement away from the traditional way of life due to
industrialization, education, influence of electronic media and the exposure to
foreign cultures. In the traditional setting, the Nigerian woman was brought up
right from youth in ways which will get her ready for marriage and make her
settle down to a successful marriage. She was taught the different roles she
would play as a woman, in terms of home making, motherhood, having good
relationship with her husband and in-law. She was taught the art of patie4nce
and submissiveness towards her husband in order to be able to play these roles
Traditionally, parents were satisfied with a female child playing only the role
of a wife and a mother as stipulated by the Nigeria culture. Today parents have
realized that their female children attain positions of honour in the society
and marry men of high social standing. They have seen education and exposure to
other cultures as a means of achieving these objectives.
At a very
early age, the Nigerian female child is sent to school where at the very
beginning she is placed in the same compound with them for class grades and
marks. She learns to see the male as her equals as they do not seem to possess
more intelligence than herself.
Nigerian female child is exposed to Western cultures having values that are
quite different from those of the Africa and hence, the Nigerian woman is
gradually slufting from the patience and submissive person she used to be, who
was ready to restrict her life to the narrow boarders of the environment
in which she had been born and bred to a more pushful person, competing with
men in terms of educational attainment and positions in the world of work.
Nigeria society, if a woman has obtained a particular age and educational
standard and is not yet married, she is frowned at by society and seen as a
frustrated and unfulfilled person.
therefore not usual for Nigerian parents to be overly anxious over seeing that
their children are married and success at marriage. Due to this anxiety, some
parents go to the extent of arranging meetings between their daughters and members
of the opposite sex and eventually match-making them into marriage.
In order to
make the marriage of their children successful, parents a times who are well to
do, provide facilities for the young couple to make them comfortable in their
new home, they also make it mandatory to enquire from time to time about the
problems that could be arising from the marriage with a view to helping in
solving such problems.
The role of
the man in the Nigerian culture is that of the master and controller of home.
He wants to maintain this role all the time and does not want a situation that
will militate against it lest society sees him as a weakling.
are weary of marrying women who have acquired higher education. Men in this
group will contend that it will be easier for them to be able to have control
over women who do not have more than a school certificate education or those
who do not attend school at all, regardless of their own educational
background. This is with the believe that such will not see them as equals and
as such give them enough respect and thereby enabling them plat their roles as
expected by the culture as the master of the home.
The man may
soon realized that he requires for a successful marriage is not supremacy band
absolute submissiveness by the wife. A graduate marrying a primary school
certificate holder, will soon realize that their varying social status could
create a gap between himself and the wife especially were related to other
people belonging to their varying social groups with varying societal values
that cannot match. This would be a source of conflict and possible failure of
It may be
assumed that such gap could be bridged by time when the couple must have grown
to understand themselves better with time. A woman with primary school
certificate who did not bother to know how to relate to people in her graduate
husbands’ social class will with time learn more about her husband and what is
expected of her in her marriage if she has to succeed, and this also applies to
due to the exposure in higher institutions of learning believe that they will
be more compatible with women who are also well educated like themselves. They
believe they will be able to communicate effectively with such women and be
easily understood by them.
also have problems related to marital adjustment. Their wives are hardly at
home due to demands of jobs that are as time consuming as those of their
husbands. This leads to the feelings of being neglected and uncared by the man
who is usually left to the mercy of house helps who take the place of their wives
The man a
times develops the feeling of inadequacy especially if the wife works with men
who are more successful than himself and due to the wife’s sense of dressing
and sophistication, infidelity is often suspected and this can lead to marital
failure. In some situations, women find themselves attaining high levels of
education than their husband. Men who have acquired wealth without adequate
education to back it up may want their wives to acquire more education than
themselves so that they become asset in the running of the family’s business
and could give some degree of prestige and to her husband and family.
man has a lower educational qualification than the wife and is financial
standing is also lower, he may develop feeling of resentment, jealousy and
incapability at being able to have a control over their household, especially
if the man did not approves of such educational attainment. The situation may
lead to friction and eventual breakdown of the marriage.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Marriage is considered to be very important in the life of an
individual. In modern times, acquiring education can be seen as one of the
preparation a woman has to make towards marriage.
acquisition of good education brings about the acquisition of positions of
honour in the society, good jobs and increased financial standing which will
enable a woman to asset her husband in alleviating financial problems in their
acquisition of education on the part of a woman can also militate against her
marital success especially if there is disparity in her level of education and
that of her spouse.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The stability of marriage has a lot of factors militating against
it and the educational attainment of the participants may have a lot to do with
acquisition of a higher level of education would have been seen as an added
asset to women but have their own varying preferences as to the level of
education spouse should possess. These preferences are expectations they feel
would lead to the stability of their marriage.
men who possess higher degree would prefer women who are not educated at all or
women with a maximum of a secondary certificate, others in this category prefer
women with university d higher degree like themselves. Some men with little or
no education are not content with women in their category but would prefer
women who have attained higher university degree and would even go to the
extent of sponsoring their wives towards achieving such educational heights.
assumed that the level of education of a woman is very important in
consideration when a man is going to make a marital choice.
of this study is to find out the relationship between marital success and the
level of education among women.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will be useful to both married men and
women as well as intending couples.
1. Married men will be exposed to the
effect of different level of education of women and how when compared to their
educational background can lead to marital success or failure.
will therefore be able to take decisions on the marital adjustment they will
make as related to their spouses’ educational level for a stable marriage.
women on their part will find the result of this study useful in that they will
be exposed to the relationship between their level of education and the marital
success. The needs of their spouses will be brought to force and they in turn
will be able to take decision as to how they can help their spouses fulfill
these needs and bring about marital success.
will also find the result of this study useful since they
participate actively in the upbringing and the decision
relating to the educational attainment of their children, they will through the
findings of this study be able to give adequate guidance to their children as
related to educational attainment and marital success.
counsellors will finds the result of this finding useful, for the counselling
of individuals who have problems of marital adjustment as related to education.
This will eventually help them in the improvement of the quality of marriage in
the society.the findings
of this research will provide a base for further research in the area of
marital adjustme4nt and above all, it will contribute to the acquisition of
knowledge in general.
Based on the statement of problem, the following research
questions were stated:
1. Does the level of women that are
educated affect their attitude towards their husbands?
education make women to loose their sense of responsibility as a wife?
education leads to marital success?
education make women to have time in their home for domestic work?
5. It is
not right for a woman to be educated than her husband?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study concentrates on educating women only. This is to avoid
as much as possible the unreliability and invalidity of information likely to
be obtained from oral interview which is the feasible means of obtaining
information from the illiterate women. The scope of the study is limited to Oredo
local government area of Edo state since it includes Benin City, a cosmopolitan
city and a university town, a true representative of the Nigerian women can be
DEFINITION OF TERMS
a process of teaching, training and learning, especially in schools or colleges
to improve knowledge and develop skills.
is the legal relationship between a husband and a wife.
has to do with connected marriage or with the relationship between a husband
and a wife.
fact that you have achieved something that you want and have been trying to.
is the way in which two people, groups or countries behave towards each other
or deal with each other.
is the customs and beliefs, arts, way of life and social organization of a
particular country or group.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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