This study focuses on the problems of poor reading habits and its
consequences on the academic performance of a child in some selected schools in
OredoLocal Government Area of Edo State. A proper research was carried out to
find out those factors that lead to poor reading habits in students. In
carrying out the research, research questions are been set in order to direct
the researcher in administration of questionnaires. There is also review of
relevant literature as to the causes of poor reading habits in students and how
to curb the situation. Questionnaires which was the instrument used was given
to the students by hand by the researcher herself. Also there is presentation
of data collection and its analysis. Finally, this research work gives a liquid
explanation of the causes of poor reading habits and how it can be prevented as
can be seen in the concluding part i.e. conclusion and recommendations.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the study
Statement of the problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and delimitation of the
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample and sampling procedures
Administration of instrument
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and
Summary, conclusion and
Suggestion for further research
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Reading as an intellectual activity is undertaken in literate society for
obtaining information, acquiring and expanding knowledge. It is an important
activity in the life of an individual because it motivates the individual
interest towards the achievement of more knowledge. It also affords the
individual to derive pleasure and entertainment in sharing from the experiences
of others communicated through print or test materials. It is also a process by
which printed words are assimilated, interpreted and transmitted into spoken
words to understand the meaning and apply it on a daily basis.
Reading is a receptive skill like listening and vocalizing what was stimulated,
it also productive when it is done aloud. However, it is a mental process
involving the interpretation of signs perceived through the sense organs.
According to Longe and Ojo (1996) reading is the ability to transform the
visual representation of language into meaning. According to Walker (1998)
reading is an active process (not a product like history) in which readers
shift between sources of information (what they know and what the text says)
elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation (receiving when
appropriate and use social context to focus their responses).
The Interpretation Reading Association (2005) says reading is a complete system
of deriving meaning from print that requires all the following:
The development and maintenance of a motivation to read.
The development of appropriate active strategies to contrast meaning from
Sufficient background information and vocabulary to foster reading
The ability to decode unfamiliar words
The ability to read fluently.
From this definition of
reading, we can deduce the reading is a complex activity that requires good
mastery and personal interest for sound effectiveness, consequently most
students lost interest and concentration thereby leading to poor reading habits
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
From early time to the present, Nigeria has attached much importance to reading
starting from primary school through the tertiary level. It is important to
note that there exist many complex problems that may result to the problem of
poor reading habits and its consequences on the academic performance of a child
in school system. This made the researcher to dive into possible effects
encountered by secondary school students in OredoLGA of Edo State. It is of
great interest to note that most secondary school especially in OredoLGA of Edo
State is faced with the problem of poor reading habits and this problem has
taken deep roots in the part of the students either as a result of lack of
qualified teachers, ill-health of students , bad method of teaching, outdated
textbooks, family background and psychological factors and teachers poor
attitude towards reading and teaching students the proper reading skills.
Does lack of qualified teachers affects reading efficiency?
Does lack of relevant textbooks in school library affect reading efficiency?
Does ill-health affect efficiency in reading?
Do bad method of teaching cause poor reading habits?
Do family background and psychological factors affects reading efficiency?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This study is carried out in order to:
Find out the causes of poor reading habits among students.
Look at the effect of poor reading habits and its consequences on the academic
performance of a child.
Suggest lasting solution
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work would be useful to students, as they will have first hand
information of the causes, effect and lasting solution on the problems of poor
reading habits. Also, this research will make government, principals, of
secondary school and teachers to update themselves with new method of teaching
reading and the provision of educational facilities.
The awareness of the consequences of poor reading habit will make students
improve on the suggested solution and this will serve as a channel to students
as regard their reading in and outside their secondary level and this will
motivate them to provide the necessary school materials for themselves. It will
also enhance the standard of education because the study will equip students to
master some key words and techniques or reading. This will lead to success and
self reliance during their exams and in the society.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
It is the ability to attach meaning to printed symbols.
The ability to do something well
A person usually under the age of 16 who students in secondary school.
A school or college for special training
Concentration: The ability to focus ones attention.
Comprehension: The power of understanding and exercise aimed at improving or
testing ones understanding of language.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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