This study critically examine the inmate and the workers welfare
as it relates or affects job satisfaction in social welfare services
department of Oko Federal Prison, Benin City, Edo State. The impetus for the
study derives from the realization that social welfare services improve the condition
of inmates and the workers in the prison custody. A sample of 120 persons were
chosen for the study and drawn room all the ranks and file of prisons uniform
staff, who are the custodian of the inmates. The sample included both sexes.
Adequate care was taken in the selection of persons thereby ensuring a cross
sectional representation. The questionnaire consist of items and the
respondents were asked to tick (x) in the place that corresponds with their
opinions. The project was equally validated by the project supervisor in the
department of Adult Education and two other officials of the social welfare
services department Oko Federal Prison, Benin City, Edo State. A pilot test was
carried out with the uniformed members of social welfare, the officers in charge
of prison to determine the reliability of the instrument. The interview was
conducted with the help of some senior welfare officers, the officers in charge
of prisons, the inmates and the public and the researcher. Simple percentage
workings were used to analyze the data, the following findings were
The levels of welfare services in Oko Federal Prison, Benin was excellent.
The inmates are able to obtain adequate corrective training and making the best
use of the available resources.
The efforts of welfare services in alleviating the problems of inmates towards
reformation, rehabilitation and re-integration of inmates back into the society
The welfare section in the prison is making the best use of the available
resources towards findings solution to the problems facing provision of welfare
services in Nigeria prisons.
Adult education programmes organized for the inmates in Oko Prison encompasses
vocational training and literacy classes.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of study
Statement of problem
Objectives of study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Review of literature
Sample and sampling technique
Instrument for data collection
Validity of instrument
Reliability of instrument
Administration of instrument
Data analysis and
interpretation of results
Data analysis and interpretation of result
Conclusion and Recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
“We are all in prison said Sir
Alexandra (1999) but is a matter of degree”. He meant that all of
geographically owing to choice, employment, political or economic conditions.
But this conditions are given willingly and the victim perhaps unconscious of
the occurrence. But there is however, a difference in kind, when we consider
the imprisonment enforced by the sentence of court upon citizens of law. The
place of captivity, especially a bucking to which persons are committed while
awaiting trails or for punishment.
Social welfare service
according to Chorodhry (1979) are those services designed for the weaker and
vulnerable section of the community who due to some handicap, socio-economic,
physical and mental disabilities are unable to make use of traditionally denied
the use of those services. There are also those who are physically whole but
are equally deprived for reasons e.g. there are religions practices that tend
to confined women to an everlasting life of privacy Purdah.
The second definition is that
offered by the United Nations Economic Council for Africa (UNECA) that body
defined social welfare for the promotion of social well being through helping
people to help themselves in meeting the needs in such areas as family and
child health social adjustment, leisure of time, standard of living and
socio-relationship. It may also be defined as a science provided by the state
whose objective is the improvement of the welfare of the individual. It is no
wonder than why it is necessary that such department be established in
institution like prison. It has been the recognized right of societ5ies to
punish offenders. Today, nearly the way most societies deal with persons who
commit an offence is to confine them to persons. Some staying there for rest of
their lives while a few may be sentenced t death depending on the nature of
their offence. The prisoners at times wonder how they get to such situation
bringing the past into memory and possibly locating their errors and mistakes.
There are some prisoners that could become hardened offenders if they are left
to the treatment of warden and they will not come about the outcome of any
offence or act of theirs. If there is no section of the prison to advise these
people on their present situation and thereafter discharge, their lives will be
miserable and the society will be in further danger. The unfortunate condition
or state of a prisoner in our community is said deplorable and that this
situation could make people fed up about life and convinced in themselves that
they cannot do better again in life. The society is at a distance from them and
all former friends and relations desert them. By this, discharged prisoners
become rejected in the societies. They are usually left with people who have
suffered the same spell of life by accidental or by merit. The result of such
reaction by the society to the criminal minded discharged prisoners is that
they become hardened offenders, they are more fervent in their criminal ways
and subsequently they become outcasts in the community. But with the efficient
working of the social welfare services department of the prison, the life
thinking and general horizon of these prisons could be improved and made
better. Prison welfare services aim at enabling the prisoners to obtain
adequate corrective training in the process of their imprisonment and to attain
a satisfactory social and economic adjustment when discharged from prison.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The welfare of prisoners is
linked up with many others social problems which are the roots cause of their
imprisonment. Since the role of social welfare officer of the prison is to
assist the prisoners make a satisfactory adjustment, reinforcement,
rehabilitation and reintegration into community life when he is eventually
discharged. Following the confinement of offenders as prisoners are a chain of
related problem never thought of, nor dreamt of by the prisoners. They have
complex problem, the totality of which makes things worse for them. For this
reasons one sees the need to cool them down and reassure them your lawful
cooperation. This will give them some hope of confidence and a feeling of
belonging to the community in this regard, they could realize that, it is not
too late to adjust and become once more a lawful abiding and legitimate member
of the community to which they belong.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study
were as follows:
To examine the level of availability of welfare service in Oko Prison
To determine whether the inmates are able to obtain adequate corrective
training in the process of their imprisonment due to the provision of the
To identify the problems facing the provision of welfare services in the
To find out the type of adult education programmes being organized for the
To see if the welfare service help in the reformations, rehabilitation and
reintegration of the inmates back into the society.
Based on the problems raised
above and the purpose generated, the following research questions were raised.
What are the problems facing provision of welfare services in the Nigerian
How do the welfare services help in the reformation, rehabilitation and
reintegration of inmates back in the society?
What are the types of adult education programme organized for prisoners?
What are the levels of welfare services available in Oko Prison?
Are the inmates able to obtain adequate corrective training in the process of
their imprisonment due to the provision of the welfare services?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study of the opinion to
make correction and serve as a corrective measure. It is the prisoners or
inmates to adjust to the normal norms and values of the society that is keeping
to the laws and regulations of the land. It gives clear report of what the
prisons look like and what is their operation rather than a mere false
impression created as before. The researcher is out to enlighten the people on
these, not to see member of the prison as a constraint to the society but to
give necessary assistance. It is of the opinion to let people aware that the
prisoners have undergone various training to enable them to be self reliant
economically or being absorbed to any enterprise. The aims and objectives is to
maintain laws and order in the society. as a result, it helps governments to
reduce criminal act in the society. it reduces the labour market due to the
rehabilitation programme they have undergone in the prison through the
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
A service that is as wide as
social welfare would equally cover a wide variety of programmes or services. It
has been noted by authors in the literature that any social welfare should have
a scope which covers:
Support programmes for deprived children
Support programmes for the physical children
Support for the [physical disabled
Services for the mentally disordered.
Services for the medically handicapped prison that is those suffering from
chronic illness like cancer heart disease kidney failure, HIV/AIDS etc.
Social services for the backward or educationally disadvantaged people and
Other community welfare services to ease family relations problems,
delinquency, poverty housing and other social problems.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
The proper understanding of
their piece of work will be highly appreciated if the terminology used in this
study is explained in a clear and understanding languages. These are prison,
social welfare, adjustment, inmates and crime.
It is defined as a place of captivity, delaminated and declared as such as by
the law of the state and created to ensure restraint and custody of individuals
accused or convicted for violating the criminal laws of the state, civil
person, debtors, prisoners of war and state detainees are also received (SIC)
and kept in the prison.
Social Welfare: This can be defined as an activity organized or planned
primarily and directly for preserving, protecting and improving human
resources. It may also be defined as a service provided by the state whose
objective is the improvement of the individual.
Any suspect person who is charged with a fault or crime, blame after proper
investigation found guilty of such an offence committed is called accused.
Persons: Any person who is declared guilty by a legal process either
by an act of omission or commission and there by pronounced by magistrate of
judge in any legal court of law.
This is a system of combining guardroom in the person industry and labour.
Custody should be intended primarily for first offenders or star who are not of
Adjustment: This is the act of correcting the prisoners by introducing them
to various training, including vocational, educational and moral. In some
prison, they organized educational activities through individuals efforts.
Efforts could be that of the welfare unit in the prisons. Although there are no
official provision for such activities or that of the prison inmates themselves
in 1985/86 school year, such a programme as initiated at Benin Prison through
the effort of a former civilian governor of Kano State Alhaji Barkin Zuwo who
was serving his prison term (News Watch, 1985) such transitional programme will
help the prisoner from being dangerous or liability to the community.
This is an occupant of a hospital prison, institution from violating the
criminal laws of the state.
This is an illegal acts, an offence which is punishable by law.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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