The research study was solely designed to examine, describe and
quantity the role of parental status in the academic performance of students in
some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. In
the course of this study, the concept parental status and the negative and
positive effect was looked into. The idea of different authors about parental
status was equally examined. Students in Akenzua 11 secondary school, Idia
College, Emotan College, Paragon comprehensive secondary school, Travis
Christian College, and Dr. Garrick memorial secondary school were used as
samples. The study was aimed at finding out how parents’ status, family
background, peer group curiosity etc. contribute to students’ academic
performance in Oredo Local Government Area. The results of the research shows
that students academic performance is determined by their parental status. The
investigation also shows that parental status includes low income earners and
high income earners and high income earners, broken home, parental background,
violence homes, single parents home. It was discovered that parents status
affect students academic performance and causes dropout. Therefore, this work
recommends that the mass media should mount heavy awareness on the positive and
negative impact of parents involvement in their children’s academic and also
call for the introduction of some meaningful and educational activities for the
students. The provision of counselling services of schools and the imposition
of some levies to restrict parents from not providing the students with their
necessary teaching involvement, care, finance and advice. It was also
discovered that parental status causes some students to loose their focus,
ambition, goals, due to frustration. Parental status alters behaviour on the
part of the students in the students learning situation.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background for the study
Statement of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and delimitation of the study
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample and sampling procedure
Validity and reliability of the instrument
Administration of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Data analysis, interpretation and discussion of result
Use of relevant tables to present and analyze the data
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
From birth to age eighteen children spend just a fraction of their lives
in school. Thus it is not surprising that many factors outside the school
environment can significantly influence students prospects for academic success
in schools. These factors (parental status) is in play both during the years
before children begin formal schooling and while they are actually enrolled in
elementary and secondary school. a diverse array of issues, including parents
beliefs and expectations about education, the availability and quality of child
care, family economic status, the persistence, or absence, of violence in a
child life, access to social services, physical and mental health issues,
opportunities for constructive, healthy activities outside of school; and the
nature and strength of school community connections, can make a difference in a
child’s opportunities to do well in school.
A commonly used phrase but one that has the ring of substantial truth is that
parents are their children’s first teachers. Parents beliefs expectations and
attitudes about education and their children’s achievement have a profound
early impact on students conceptions of the place of education in their lives.
What parents think about the importance (or unimportance) of doing well in
school is often mirrored in students results. A study into some selected
schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State found that nearly all
students (97%) who earned mostly A’s and B’s on their report cards reported
that their parents encouraged them to do well in school. among students who
earned mostly C’s nearly half (49%) said they received little parental
encouragement. Some families clearly have more resources to devote to their
children and can move easily find time to spend nurturing and encouraging them.
When both parents work can increasingly common phenomenon or when a child is
being raised by a single parent, finding time to read to the child to encourage
the completion of homework. Many children grow up in home with an abundance of
fiscal and materials resources. But not all do. Poverty takes a tool on
student’s school performance. Poor children are twice as likely as their more
affluent counterparts to repeat a grade to be suspended, expelled or drop out
of high school and to be placed in special education classes. Family
composition and economic circumstances are often intertwined. More than half of
the poor families are headed by an unmarried mother who must balance employment
issues (these women are often trapped in love – wage jobs) with child care and
parenting responsibilities. In sum, children from more economically affluent
home circumstances have a leg up in many areas of life, including education.
This research shows that despite the compelling importance of robust physical
and mental health to students prospects for academic success, not surprisingly
access to quality services is often a function of family income. The less
financially stable the child’s family the less likely the child is to have regular
medical care. Children covered by health insurance are more likely to have
better access to health care than children not covered by such insurance.
Uninsured students are under significant risks factors particularly for
adolescent, are drugs, and alcohol drinking, smoking cigarettes and using
harder drugs, from marijuana to cocaine can cause substantial long term
physical and mental health problems, in the short term use of many of these
substance can cause reduced school attendance and general in attention to
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Having gotten a good understanding of the parental status in the academic
performance of the students, it will be of great importance to precisely and
with concise examine the statement of the problem. This study is aimed at
investigating the role of parental status among some selected secondary school
students academic performance in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
However, the researcher will investigate this study in the following capacity.
To identify the various
problems faced by the students due to their parental status that causes most of
them to dropout of school, performing so low in academic works and engaging in
Based on the above, issues discussed so far, the study will focus on seeking
answers to the following questions.
What type of family do people of Oredo Local Government Area practices?
Does parental background affect student’s academic performance?
Is there any difference between the children of high income ear5ners and low
Does the medical status (health) of the students affect his/her academics?
Does parental involvement and family size affect student’s education?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main objectives of this study as intended by the researcher to investigate
and highlight the role of parental status in the academic performance of the
students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Though, this study is
limited to Oredo, its research findings may be applicable to other parts of
Nigeria. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to supplement the existing
findings on the topic.
To investigate the role of parental status in the academic performance among
students of Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
To find out to what extent with which parental involvement in students academic
improve their performance either positively or negatively.
To determine how good salary structure can upgrade or affect a student’s
To identify the various factors to be considered in the academic performance of
students in relationship with parental status.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study, the role of parental status in the academic
performance among students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State cannot
be over emphasized. The study is not only much significant to Nigeria in
general. Amongst the importance of this research works are:
It will serve as a reading text to knowledge about how parent’s socio-economic
status affect the performance of students.
It will serve as a veritable tools for seminars, public lecturers as well as a
medium of awareness campaign on the role of parental status.
It will serve as an expository literature, on parents involvement irrespective
of the occupational status not only to secondary students but to all and
It will help in exposing the teacher to the influence of parental status in the
academic performance of the student.
It also help planners to know that children are from different family
It will be useful to educationalist.
Above all this piece of work
will offer very useful suggestion on the implication and role of family and
teacher play to prevent low parental engagements in the students academic
performance of Oredo Locality and the need to rehabilitate the PTA (parents, teachers
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The role of parental status in the academic performance of the students, tends
to cover some selected recognized (private and government) secondary schools in
Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Students – children (secondary
school students) in Oredo Local Government Area in Edo State.
Parent – the father and mother
to a child (student) in Oredo
Academics – educational study
by a student
Role – the duties
Performance – the act of
carrying into effect, to do a task
Academic performance – this has
to do with a student carry into effect either negatively or positively his/her
Low income earners – these are
parents who salary structure are low due to their kind of low occupation or no
occupation at all e.g. the poor.
High income earners – these are
parents who salary structures are due to their kind of job or business
Socio-economic status – it has
to do with parents occupation, moral, marital, educational status and level of
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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