This study was designed to examine the
role of the parents teachers association (PTA) in the development of primary
school in Esan South Local Government Area of Edo State. To achieve this, the
researcher utilizes the questionnaires as the instrument for eliciting
responses from the respondents, oral interview were conducted with the
respondents. Findings revealed that parents teachers association (PTA) has
played a crucial role in the development of schools teachers association has
played a based on findings recommendations were made. This is with a view of
enhancing the role of parents teachers association, most in Edo State of
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Origin and growth of PTA
Moral and cultural development
Characteristics of sample
Collection of data
Analysis, interpretation and
discussion of data
Summary, conclusion and
In Nigeria, education for a
long time was almost a private enterprise. The missionaries individual and some
voluntary organizations shoulder the respective responsibilities of providing
education for teeming and over increasing population of the country. In 1973,
the, Bendel State government education edict of the previous year (1972)
resolved the ownership and control of educational institutions and of economy
from these private organizations individual and religious groups. This was done
largely with a view to ensuring that the interest served by education is
entirely Nigerian. As would be expressed there was an increase in the number of
schools under state control. This brought in the numerous administrative and
financial problems. As this situation was not bad enough, the government of
professor Ambrose Alli declared free education in 1979, at the same time, Allis
government encouraged communities to establish more colleges on their own and
also take active part in their day to day running. With the increase in the
number of schools and students in 1972, it became clear that government efforts
alone cannot sustain the schools system. A direct result of this was that
schools financing and physical development also became a partnership between
the state government and the people represented by a body known as parent
The Bendel state education
edict of 1972 earlier given legal backing and encouragement to the formulation
of parents teachers association in schools. The parents teachers association
with an executive body of twelve members known as the school committee among
others empowered by law to perform the following functions.
Making representation to be board or local teaching service committee as the
case may be on matters affecting the school.
Co-ordination of local voluntary efforts such as the provision of financial and
assistance to the school
Subject to the provision of this law doing such things as may effectively
enhance the tone and efficiency of the schools.
Provision of suitable liaison between teachers and parents on the hand between
the parents teachers association and the commission, local teaching committee
or the ministry of education, as the case may be on the other.
Inspite of the official recognition of the role of the parents
teachers association in the school system, not many people are aware of its
function well as its problem. It is for these reactions that the researcher has
decided to investigate the evaluate the perceived actual roles and problems of
parents teachers association in the primary school system in Esan South Local
Government Area of Edo State.
OF THE PROBLEMS
In this study the researcher intend to investigate and evaluate some of the
roles of parents teachers association in primary school in Esan South
Local Government Area of Edo State.
The objectives of this study are:
To determine the role-played by the parent teacher association in the primary
school system in Esan South Local Government Area in Edo State.
To find out what are major problems the parents teachers association have been
To assist the impact of the parents teaches association in the primary school
system in Esan South Local Government Area in Edo State.
To find out if the parent teacher association is lacking in its stated role.
The question the researcher intends to find solutions to ere listed below.
Does the parents teachers association assist in the physical development of
primary schools in Esan South Local Government Area of Edo State?
How important do the teachers perceive the role of parents teachers association
in their schools?
Has the parents teacher association of staff?
Has the parent teacher association bring any promotion to the educational
standard of such school?
Does the parent teacher association enhance the relationship among parents,
teachers and students?
Is the parents teachers association providing the necessary link between the
school and the community?
Is the parent teacher association really helping the students to grow mentally
Has the parent teachers association participated in the provision and
administration of boarding facilities in the school?
Educational planners such as school administrators, scholars and ministry of
education will find this study very useful as it concerns what the researcher
regards as a key issue in the educational system of Edo State. The findings of
this research will therefore enable them to know the appropriate steps to take
when making decision. This study will also be of immense benefits to other
researcher who might wish to investigate the role of the parents teachers
association or the community in our school system. Finally it is hoped that the
research will also be of immense value to parents, teachers and other
inquisitive member of our community who might want to know about the role of
parent’s teachers association in our school system.
OF THE STUDY
This study is restricted to Esan South Local Government Area of Edo State. The
researcher is limited to parents and teachers in some randomly selected schools
in the above mentioned local government.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Parents Teachers Association: This is an association of
parents/guardian, of students attending a particular school and the teachers
teaching in such school.
The school committee: This is the executive member; its tenure is usually four years
after which it can be re-elected by the general assembly of the parents
teachers association, if it is satisfied with its (school committee)
performance. The committee made of seven parents, one representative of the
ministry of education, the principals of the school and three senior of the
school. The election of a new Parent Teacher’s Association executive is usually
by chief inspectors of education in the area.
The town, village or group of villages where parents and guardians who have children
in a particular school live it refers to members of caternent area of the
This is used synonymously with function.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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