The research work focused on the effects of cultism on students’ academic
performance a case study of college of education, Ekiadolor-Benin. The research
work consists of five chapters. The chapter entitles chapter one an
introduction and scope of study, chapter two covers the review of literature,
which covers the various effects of cultism on students’ performance. Chapter
three examines research methodology covering sampling procedures and method of
data analysis. Chapter four, this cover the presentation of data analysis,
chapter five hold on the summary, conclusion, questionnaires structured
question asked during the oral interview and recommendations consequently, the
research work was completed with references slighted during the research work.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problems
Significant of the study
Limitations of the study
Scope of the study/delimitations
Purpose of the study
Definitions of terms
Historical background of cultism
Categories of secrete cults
The initiation ceremonies
The different stages of initiation
The activities of secrete cults
Materials for initiations
Causes of inter-cult violence in
Nigeria tertiary institution
Solutions to the problems of
Population of the study
Sample and sampling
Validity of instruments
Reliability of instrument
Administration of the instrument
Analysis of data
Discussion of data
Suggestions for further findings
OF THE STUDY
to oxford dictionary of current English the word ‘cult” means a system of
religious worship especially one that is exposed in rituals. From this
definition, cults have now popularly known as “confraternity” has assumed a
monstrous feature in our various institutions of learning. This is because
international figures have been known to be members of the pirate confraternity
in their college or institutions. Furthermore, Kolawole et al (2000) said that
when there was a violent crash between the eye confraternity and the buccaneers
at the university of Ibadan in 1989, some notable professors and doctors at the
institutions were found to be patrons and bankers of these cults. The
implications are that these professors and doctors were members of these cults
in their own college days.
It is now common in our campuses that factors of naval cults violence clash
ever in broad day knight and mats themselves with dangerous weapons such as
guns and daggers. The recent occurrence are the university of Ife, Benin,
Ekpoma, Ibadan, college of Education Ekiadolor against the social ill calling
to its total eradication. Secrete cults societies could be traced down to the
Egyptians. The magicians in their request for more power used some cultic devices
they formed a school of taught which was mostly based on intellectual
objectives, which is mainly to enhance their cultic prowess. Initiations are
conducted for people that want to belong to a particular set of masquerade are
observed thoroughly by its members. One initiated, the secrete concerning the
masquerade are observed thoroughly by its members. In the late 40’s the higher
institutions in Nigeria were not associated with secrete societies. The first
higher school secrete cult in Nigeria came into existence in 1952 when a group
of seven (7) students lead by Wole Soyinka Olumuyiwa, Awe, Raph, Opora, Dir
Aif-Imokhunede, Junji Tubi and Oly Agunoloye formed the sea dogs confraternity
(AKA Pirates) in the university of Ibadan. There was nothing secreted then when
it was newly introduced. The main reason of forming the cult was to fight
colonialism ensuring the dignity of man and ride the Nigeria society of elitism
and tribalism. Its members engage in humanitarian activities such as donations
of blood to hospitals to save lives and assist the helpless in the society
also, an attempt to fight any attempted oppress students by any lecturers or
the school management trying to impose oppressive policies on the students,
“everything we did then was healthy, firm, harmless and above board”. Recall
Muyiwa Awe, one of the founding fathers their confraternity were legitimate and
officially recognized by the school authority and the government of the time.
Cultism could simply be described as a kind of gang behaviour that is contrary
to the acceptable norms and value of the large society and its characters by
oath taking, secrecy and violence. According to Hornsby (2001) it is also
system of religious worship, a devotion to a person or practice and ritual
especially of a single diet.
However, that is where the similarities ends as there is indeed a distinction
between the two for instance “secrete society” is defined in section 31% of the
constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria 1999 as including any secrete
association group or body of persons (whether registered or not).
a.That uses secrete signs, oaths, rites or symbols and which is
formed to promote on course the purpose or part of the purpose of which is to
foster the interest of its members and to aid one another under any
circumstances without due regard to merit fqair play or justice to the
detriment of the legitimate interest of those who are not members.
b.The members are shown to observe oaths of secrecy or the activities
of which are not known to the public at large, the names of whose members are
kept secret and whose meeting and other activities are held in secrete.
Although there is no definition in the constitution. The definition given to it
in the secrete cult and similar activities (prohibition) law 2004 recently
passed in the River State House of Assembly in 18 instructive as it clearly
shown the popularity in Nigeria of the non academic every day usage of the
phrase. That law defined secrete cult as follows ‘it means an organisation,
association, group of body or person (whether or not listed) whose membership
meeting and others activities are kept secrete and which promote causes or
engage in acts of violence or harm.
From the definition above,
definition above, it can be seen that the essential difference between the two
notions is the dominant element of violence in the definition of secrete cult,
which element is not necessarily present in that of the secrete society.
THE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The fundamental problems of cultism are the uncertain and unsafe atmosphere in
our campuses. Ewa to the activities of members, of secrete cult, the manner of
operation is both sinister inn our campuses in recent times of cultism whose
phenomena seen to be going more and prominence on our campuses. This researcher
intend to make an in-depth study into the factors which created the on hearty
climate that encourage the growth and spread of cultism in our institution of
learning with a view to proffer solution to the problems.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to
examine the effects of cultism on student’s emotions. A case study if the
College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin with the view to educate the public about
magnitude of the problems. It will also examine the factors that promote the
growth of cultism in our institutions of higher learning. Furthermore, it will
also help to know its sanctions placed on students by the school outward
contribution to the growth of cultism in our institution of higher learning.
Lastly, it will examine how cultism affects the intellectual ability of the
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
This study will provide explanatory terms. The factors, which creates the
hearty and implementers of policies with the factors that influence cultism and
school and the effect on the emotion of students. Then when known will enable
them to combat squarely and help eradicate the problems that have become a
cankerworm in our institutions of higher learning. It is important to state
clearly that this project work will also highlight some of the causes of
cultism, factors that promote the growth of cultism, and conclusively, provide
solution on how the problems of cultism can be solved in our higher
institutions of learning.
1.Does lack of parental care promote the growth of cultism in our
2.Does cultism affect the emotion of students?
3.Does sanction from school contributes to the growth of cultism in
4.Does cultism affect the intellectual ability of the students in
SCOPE OF STUDY
This study will involve the total scope of study of the College of Education
Ekiadolor students in Benin City.
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
Cult: A system of religious
worship especially one that is expressed in rituals.
Cultism: It is the
state/phenomenon where a person is bound together with common belief.
Masquerade: An action, manner
that appears to be genuine or sincere but is not.
Initiation: the act of initiating
or the process of being initiated into a group or an activity.
Assassination: to murder an important
person especially for political reasons.
Quest: The act of seeking or a
long search or to find.
Callousness: Not caring about
other people’s feelings or suffering.
Catastrophy: A sudden disaster
that causes many people to suffer.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more