The study focuses on the methods of teaching computer courses to
computer science major in selected Nigeria polytechnics.
It examines the background, methods of teaching, tools and
equipments use in teaching computer courses to computer science major. The primary
data for the study were generated from well structured question broadcasted to
random samples of 70 out of 200 NDII students from federal polytechnic Nekede
and Abia State Polytechnic and supported with interviews. Frequency labels,
simple proportion percentage ratios, average, ranking, and chi-square (test for
goodness of fit) for validation of the some of the some of the findings as
From the data presented and analyzed textbook is the mostly used
tool for teaching computer courses to computer science major.
Followed by the computer but 20% students said that textbooks,
chalkboard and computer are the tools used.
It was also established from the study that lecture method,
lecture with discussion practical assignment, and class discussions are
the methods of teaching computer courses to computer science major.
Therefore the researcher summarized and recommend that the NBTE
(National Biand for Technical Education) should improve on the teaching
tools by providing enough computers for teaching and learning and the
methods of teaching computer courses to computer science major should be
maintained and if possible across other departments.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Aims and Objectives
Statement of problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the
Definitions of terms
Literature Review of teaching
Methods of teaching computer
courses to computer science
Size of sample and ample selection
Data collection instrument and procedures
Data Presentation and Analysis
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
Summary of Findings
Conclusion and Recommendation
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is an important sector which cannot be fun with any serious country,
state, organization or individual and that is why an individual, organization
or government uses every means to make sure a good education is provided for
her citizens (Adibe, 2001).
One of the means of this provision is the introduction of computer science in
polytechnics, as a course of study.
Computer science is the study of the design and use of computer systems. One
goal of the computer science department is to provide the student with
the tools to identify those problem that are best solved by means of a computer
and to design and implement effective, economical, and creative solutions.
Computer science as an academic discipline systematically includes three
domains: Theory, and abstraction, and design.
The curriculum’s required courses give the students a strong foundation
in both the software and hardware aspects of computing, as well as the
mathematics and science that underline the discipline. The electives in the
later years allow the student to study more deeply some particular area of
computer science. The department courses and programmes continue to
respond to changing g requirements for professional employment in computer
It is the responsibility of the student to understand and fulfill polytechnic,
and Department requirements. These requirements are described is the
polytechnic has gone a ling way to keep those individuals (computer operators)
in various way:
i. To acquire formal
education in computer
ii To register fully as
members in Nigeria
Iii to reduce
non-professionals in the field.
Computer is an electronic device, which is capable of receiving, sorting and
retrieving information with tremendous speed, if computer is effectively used,
it can help teachers teach computer science students visually in all the
This study based on the assessment of the methods of teaching
computer courses to computer science major in selected Nigerian Polytechnics is
trying to find out those teaching methods use in teaching computers
According to McCathy (1989) common
teaching methods are lecture method, lecture with Discussion, panel of experts,
Brainstorming, video tapes, class Discussion, case studies, Role playing,
Report-Back sessions, worksheets/surveys, index card exercise, Guest speaker,
values clarification exercise.
IPSJ Journal (2001), state that the
method of teaching computer science in a department of liberal Art is from
technique (concretion) to theory (abstraction), of from practices to lecture.
In a physical classroom these is a standard, set of equipment and tools, this
usually includes audio-visual equipment such as textbook, a chalkboard,
video-visual video player and tape recorder.
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aims and objectives of the study are to assess the methods of teaching
computer courses to computer science major in selected Nigeria polytechnics.
1. It investigated
whether textbooks and chalkboard the
only teaching and learning
tools in teaching computer courses.
2. It investigated
whether multimedia instructional aids
are used for both
teaching and learning in computer
3. It investigated
whether E-learning is used in teaching
introduction to computers.
4. To investigate
the most common teaching methods for computer courses to computer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The objective of teaching computer courses in Nigeria Polytechnics include to
equip students with the necessary knowledge that will aid them to identify
those problems that can be solved by means of computer system, and to design
and implement effectively.
Another objective of the study is to provide the intellectual foundation for
future professional development. A cornerstone in this study is ability fro
student to reason logical. It is essential that student should be familiar with
basic concepts in many computer courses.
Although, there are some other problems such as:
- Lack of lecturers to teach computer courses.
- Lack of teaching tools
- Lack of application of computer to real world
situation in their programme of study.
- Extreme abnormal dislike or fear and dread of
mathematics (one of the credit required for one to study computer
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to the methods of teaching
computer courses to computer science major.
Also to educate student to succeed in his/her professional career,
which takes place in the context of rapidly changing technology. In order to
succeed in this area, the student must have certain knowledge, skills and
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
The objective of the research is to determine those tools/ methods
that are used in teaching computer science major in Federal Polytechnic Nekede
and Abia State Polytechnic.
In order to conduct an effective study on the central theme of
this work, the following critical questions have been addressed namely:
(a) What are the tools used in teaching computer
(b) Is your polytechnic connected via Internet?
(c) How effective is the use of computer on the
(d) What are the most common teaching methods of
computer courses e.g. Introduction to computer, computer packages, Computer
Programming, and, Computer Hardware maintenance.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Information technology (IT) is providing for the use of computer
aided (CAL) systems to assist in the Education and training of students.
This study will assist computer science students to know teaching
methods both old and new. It will help them to understand that developments in
computer science will make new applications profitable and new method viable.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is targeted at Federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri, Imo State and Abia
State Polytechnic it covers all phases used in teaching computer courses. The
wing topics will be addressed:
- Introduction to computer
- Computer packages
- Computer Programming
- Computer Hardware Maintenance
1.8 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
An electronic device that can accept data, process it and give result/
automatically stores program.
The study of the design and use of computer system. It is a
sublime communion of ideas whereby an
inquisitive soul gets to open up to the light of knowledge
A way of presenting to the user a combination of
different forms of information such as text, data, images, video, audio, and
clearly – defined mathematics final used to solve a problem or run an operation
A simulation of movement created by displaying a series of pictures or frames,
cartoons on television is one example of animation
of instructions given to computer to carry out particular task
real. Something that is mere simulation or illusion of a real environment.
person-to- person discussion, involving either individuals or groups in which
participants are at different sites, using computer networks to transmit audio
and video data.
on and connected. Users are considered online when they are connected to a
computer service through modem.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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