prefer an autonomous and independent life that is free from control, there by
engaging in various delinquent acts (drug abuse, rape, robbery, cultism and
vandalism) that are dangerous to the home, community, school and the nation.
The impact of drug abuse among adolescents has been a stigma of moral
decadence, violence, assault, madness and murder. The menace of drug abuse has
eaten deep into the fabrics of our society; however, with effective counselling
programmes, the problems can be tackled through campaign against drug abuse by
government and other relevant authorities Drug control counselling centres
should be established in every community and qualified health counsellors
should be employed in helping drug addicts by giving them special advice on how
to go about the withdrawal system. Drug awareness units to be set up in all
states by the federal, state and local government not to try people who use
drugs as criminals, but to help solve their socio-psychological problem. This
paper discusses the concept of drug abuse, types, theories of causes, signs and
symptoms, effects, and strategies for combating it.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Review of literature
Population of study
Analysis of data discussion of
1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The purpose of introducing this
course into the College’s Curriculum is to enable the youth/adolescent to make
good decisions about the use of drugs and alcohol having studied their good and
bad effect on the human body, alcohol and other drugs are mostly used by youths
in our various colleges and campuses. The decision to use alcohol and drugs
such as Marijuana, Indian Hemp, Cocaine , as an adult one has to know the limit
and weakness of the use of drugs and alcohol and have responsibility for your
actions, it becomes drug abuse, social use of drugs involves the use of certain
substances for recreational purposes, although all drugs used in this way
are harmful but some of them are socially acceptable. Some of these drugs are
not considered as drug abuse, if they are used in moderation and only by adult
e.g. alcohol, cigarette and kola nut.
Drug and alcohol abuse: We cannot sit on the fence and criminally pretending that the
menace of drug and alcohol abuse that had eaten deep into the fabric of our
national heritage (young lives) to eat deeper. Taking of the drug is one thing;
abuse of drug is another, and come the menace of drug abuse, drug abuse is the
use of drug by a person without medical purpose and
Drug are abused because users derive temporary happiness, emotional,
excitement, relaxation or relief from problem, it is a pitiable dismal that
adolescents in secondary school are now very much involved. To the end, the
attention of the general public must be brought to revitalized and collectively
salvage together in order to prevent the total degeneration and loss of lives
Therefore, all hands must be on deck to be able to fight this monster of
drug and alcohol abuse that affect us daily, socially, educationally,
politically, morally even through mass media as much as our effort can go. The
medicinal dictionary defines drug as any substance that affect the structure of
functioning of a living organism, Dr. Wale Oloyede (2002) define drug as any
chemical agent that is capable to affecting living processes, respiration,
growth, excretion, location, reproduction etc. drugs procedure harmful as well
as beneficial effect, and decisions about when and how to use them
therapeutically always involve the balancing of benefit and risks which can be
classified into two categories.
Effect of Alcohol and Drug on Specific Organ
Long term use of alcohol result in permanent damage of the adult’s brain. When
this occurs, the individual becomes forgetful, pregnant women damage the brain
of the unborn child which results into alcohol syndrome this is a situation
whereby an infant abnormalition due to ingestion of alcohol by the mother
during pregnancy the infant also has mental retardation.
Regular ingestion of alcohol lead to abnormalities in the normal heart beat.
The muscle wall of the heart is also damaged as a result of long-term use of
Diseases of the esophagus and the stomach leading to vomiting and retching are
alcohol related. Alcohol could also lead to fear of the lower part of the
esophagus with massive vomiting of blood, ulcer and destruction of the pancreas
are common occurrences in heavy users of alcohol.
Malnutrition and Anaemia
Alcohol has non-nutritive calories and chronic users of alcohol do ot eat
adequately, they therefore become deficient in vitamins, the alcoholic
inevitably becomes prone to anaemia and other diseases.
drug (e.g.) antibiotic and analgesics.
drugs (e.g.) cocaine, marijuana, heroin etc.
For the purpose of the
research, we are going to look more deeply into the cause and effect of drug
and alcohol on adolescents while Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State is
the case of study due to her important in the state and national building.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is common to see secondary
school students outside the school premises during lesson roaming about, some
late to school, some miss class, some will leave their home for school but at
the end, they are not in school, yet not at home. What a changing generation of
Why on earth will adolescents
be involved in the use of hard drug to the detriment of their lives? Why will a
secondary school student associate himself with evil act. Is exposure to
internet cause to these adolescent maladjustment? Does marijuana increase sense
in adolescent? May be yes, but in what sense? The eye-increasing population of
our society may have contributed to the menace of madness.
(1) What are causes of drug
(2) What are the effects of
(3) What influence drug abuse?
(4) How to curb drug abuse?
1.4FORMULATION OF RESEARCH QUESTIONS
A. There is
significant different between adolescents that drug and alcohol and adolescents
that do not abuse drug and alcohol.
B. There is no
significant different between adolescents that abuse drug or alcohol and the
adolescents that do not abuse drug and alcohol.
1.5OBJECT OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study
includes the followings:
(1) To highlight the negative
effect of drug and alcohol abuse.
(2) To identify the underlying
cause of responsible for drug and alcohol abuse.
(3) To suggest step to step on
how to slow down the menace of drug and alcohol addict.
(4) What can Government, NGO,
Parents or Students do to avoid drug and alcohol abuse.
1.6SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
(1) This is
aim at enlightening people of the danger of drug and alcohol abuse by students.
(2) To serve
as roadmap for future adolescents especially in Oredo L.G.A. of Edo State
(3) It will
help to improve the quality and quantity of life adolescents (students) in
Oredo L.G.A of Edo State.
1.7SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covered
some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
1.8DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
The meanings of some words as
used in the passage
(1) Decedent: Abnormal behavior
of improper act of behavior.
(2) Drug: A drug is any
chemical you take that affect the way the body works.
(3) Detriment: Harm.
(4) Devastating: Dangerous
(5) Stigma: Sign of shame.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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