ABSTRACT
The problems associated
with teaching and learning mathematics is of great concern to mathematics
educators and mathematicians. However in all the states in Nigeria including
Edo State, teaching and learning of mathematics have not been without problem. For
some time now, there has been public outcry over the poor state in teaching and
learning generally and mathematics to be specific. This reflected in the poor
achievement especially in mathematics in the Senior School Certificate
Examination. The yearly result in the ordinary level examination in mathematics
obviously indicated low numbers of credit passes. The motivation of this study
aroused when considering all these. The study sought to explain the problems
associated with teaching and learning of mathematics in secondary schools. The
poor performance of students in mathematics in secondary schools has generated
a lot of heat on the educational system. It was in consideration of this issue
that the motivation of this study aroused. The study focused on the problems of
teaching and learning mathematics is mostly associated with the teachers under
qualification and inexperience in mathematics. However, the researcher
recommended that the government and school authorities should employ more
qualified mathematics teachers and organize seminars, workshops or conferences
and inservice training to upgrade the practicing ones. The official of
government agency incharge of secondary school education should faithfully
implement the budget to reflect the purpose of the budgeting in our school
system.
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the
study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Research Questions
Definitions of
Operational Terms
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Related
Literature
Introduction
Areas of problems of
teaching and learning of mathematics
Reasons why students
struggle with mathematics
How to curb problems of
teaching and learning mathematics
Summary on reviewed
studies
CHAPTER THREE
Research Design
Population of the Study
Sample and Sampling
Techniques
Instrumentation
Administration and
Collection of Data
Validity and Reliability
of the instrument
Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR
Data Analysis
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendations
REFERENCES
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the
Study
It is widely believed that mathematics is very important to the economic,
scientific and political development of any nation. It is because of this
common phenomenon that made every nation in the world to make mathematics a
compulsory subject in every aspect of educational system.
The principles of
mathematics are generally understood at an early age. When missed, it give
birth to anxiety which includes a feelings of tension, apprehension or fear
that interferes with mathematics performance. Mathematics anxiety is a
phenomenon that cuts across some students in secondary schools because they
tend to miss its principles.
Umionyang (1997), referred to mathematics as the foundation for science without
which a nation can never be prosperous and economically independent. He further
noted that competence in mathematics provides many of the opportunity for
personnel required by industry, science, technology and education. Considering
the contributions of mathematics to the contemporary world, one would have
expected mounting interest on it as a discipline that is truly the language of
science and technology but the reverse seems to be the case.
From a personal study carried out, there is poor performance in mathematics
examinations. It is ironical that in our prescience and
technologicallyoriented world, the youths who would have taken charge of
global affairs in the future; the running of industries and the means of
production, research laboratories, space technology and international politics
are shying away from the very subject that should have adequately prepare them
for such roles. The student’s flight in the secondary school is very alarming.
We are cognizant of the historical facts that the old indigenous cultures were
pacesetters in mathematics and subsequently, made notable scientific
discoveries. In Nigeria and Edo State in particular, the students performance
in mathematics in secondary schools has continuously reflected poor performance
over the years and this perhaps, could be attributed to the various problems
associated with the teaching and learning of mathematics in secondary schools,
According to Uwadiae (2009) quoted in punch newspaper, 2009 that seventy seven
percent (77%) of the candidates who sat for 2008 West African School
Certificate Examination failed to get credit in mathematics. In view of this
National challenge, this study sought to find out what could have influenced
the problem, since mathematics was introduced into the syllabus with proper
study, so many problems have been confronting effective teaching and learning
of mathematics like
i.
The attitude of students
towards the learning of mathematics.
ii.
Unqualified teachers or
using non mathematics specialists to teach the subject in some Nigeria
schools.
iii.
Lack of learning
facilities e.g. mathematics laboratories in school.
iv.
Lack of appropriate
method of teaching mathematics.
v.
Overcrowding of
mathematics syllabus.
The problems associated
with teaching and learning of mathematics is seen from the lukewarm attitudes
of some mathematics teachers and their ineffectiveness in mathematics
education. Lack of studentteacher relationship has also been seen in the
environment in which teaching and learning is conducted.
Teaching and learning of
mathematics in secondary schools is very essential, no doubt because, it is
regarded as a yardstick in the development of any nation.
1.2 Statement of the
Problem
The importance of mathematics to the world and to a nation’s technology
breakthrough has been highlighted in the foregone section. This has been the
reason why mathematics is given prominence in the school curriculum and
timetable. However, in Edo State, the teaching and learning of mathematics have
not been without problems. For some time now, there has been a growing concern
over the poor teaching and learning of mathematics with the resultant [poor and
falling standard in secondary schools’ student performance in mathematics. The
West Africa Senior School Certificate Examination and other related examination
body recognized in Nigeria have always indicated decrease in number of passes.
In addition, students are likely to attend schools that are poorly constructed
with inadequate teaching and learning facilities. The curriculum with an
overcrowded syllabus. Most mathematics teachers lack teaching affective
characteristic and insufficient teacher training program. On the side of
students, is loss of interest in learning mathematics and the teachers not
showing enough motivation to arouse student’s interest in learning mathematics?
To what extent would all these problems of teaching and learning mathematics
affect student performance in mathematics education? All these prompted the
researcher to identify problems of teaching and learning of mathematics in some
selected schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to find out the problems of teaching and
learning of mathematics in Nigerian schools by considering;
1. The qualities of teachers teaching mathematics
in Nigeria schools.
2. The activities of students toward learning of
mathematics in Nigeria schools.
3. The factors militating against effective
utilization of available instructional materials in the teaching and learning
of mathematics.
It is the intention of
the researcher to study the problems associated with the teaching mathematics
in addition, the reasons behind the students’ failure of mathematics and lack
of interest in the subject will be elucidated upon during the course of this
research work.
1.4
Significance of the Study
The need for this research is to elicit useful information that could be the
problems associated with teaching and learning of mathematics in secondary
schools. Not until useful ideas to the problems militating against mathematics
education is unraveled, through a research of this kind, we will not be able to
suggest useful and workable solutions to the problems.
The research will be of help to policy makers in education, in review of
curriculum development and implementation, proper repositioning of teacher
training program and also be of help to teachers as it will expose areas where
the teachers need to put more efforts in the teaching of mathematics. It will
further help teachers in employing better techniques and methods of teaching to
the best understanding of the students. In addition, the findings of this research
will help students concerned to appreciate the subject mathematics, expose the
importance of mathematics, the wonders, fun and happiness it gives thereby
encouraging them to put in more effort and to remove every negative sentiments,
and fear students have towards the study of mathematics.
The study is an eye opener to the general public in making people see the
usefulness of mathematics in day to day activities and the indispensible
contribution of mathematics in nation building. It makes the society have a
grasp of their action and inaction towards mathematical education.
1.5
Scope of the Study
This study is a quantitative survey that will cover five secondary schools
selected in Ovia north East Local Government Area of Edo State. Both sexes of
teachers and students shall be used as subjects to get information on the
teaching and learning of mathematics through a selfreport instrument
(questionnaire).
1.7
Research Question
The following research questions are put forth to guide the researcher in this
study:
1. Do mathematics teachers have the required
qualification to teach mathematics effectively?
2. Are there enough teaching aids to teach
mathematics effectively?
3. Is the mathematics syllabus overcrowded?
4. To what extent does the environmental influence
affect the performance of student in learning mathematics?
5. How do students perceive mathematics as a
student?
1.8
Definition of Terms
Problems: This can be seen as obstacle that is hindering
the effectiveness of a thing.
Teaching: This is the process of imparting knowledge
Learning: This is a process whereby there is a relative
permanent change in behaviour due to impartation of knowledge.
Academic Qualification: Is an academic skills quality or attribute
that make somebody suitable for a teaching job.
Teacher Experience: This is a kind of skill acquired through being
involved in teaching over a period of time.
Teaching Techniques: Is the procedure or skill required to impart
mathematics knowledge to the student.
Teaching Aids: Teaching materials that helps teacher in
transmitting mathematical knowledge to the students.
Student Motivation: It is a positive reinforcement that stimulate
students to show interest in learning mathematics.
Department  Education 
Project ID Code  EDU0084 
Chapters  5 Chapters 
No of Pages  77 pages 
Methodology  Null 
Reference  YES 
Format  Microsoft Word 
Price  ₦4000, $15 


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