This research was conducted to investigate “causes and effects of
unemployment on N.C.E. graduates in Benin City, Edo State capital. In the
course of carrying out the work, the researcher looked at the type of
unemployment, some of which include frictional unemployment, seasonal
unemployment, cyclical unemployment and residual unemployment. The researcher
also focuses her attention on reviewing related literature. More so, it was
revealed that some of the causes of unemployment are too many for N.C.E. graduates
seeking jobs. Irrelevance of the course studies, the movement of people from
rural areas to urban areas. However, some recommendations were made in the
closing chapter among which are; Government should restructure our education
system to suit the demands of the society, Government should make agriculture
more attractive, Good development plan, finally, government should provide
necessary infrastructure to prevent the rural-urban migration, if these are
provided by the government, it will help to reduce unemployment rate to an
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problems
Objectives of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
The study area
Population of the study
Organization of data
Statistical methods of data
Summary, conclusion and
Summary and conclusion
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The rate at which unemployed
N.C.E. graduates roam the street in Edo State without a job has begun to draw
the attention of both government and public individuals. It is important to
know the meaning of the “unemployment” in order to fully understand the causes
and effect. According to Ihingan (1980), unemployment is spreading with
urbanization and education. But the industrial sector has failed to expand
along the growth of labour force thereby increasing urban unemployment. He went
further to say that there are educated unemployed graduates who fail to get
jobs due to structural rigidities and lack of entrepreneurial skills.
A person is s aid to be
unemployed if in spite of his willingness and capacity to work, he cannot do
owing to reasons inherent in organization of commodity product. This is a state
of affairs in the labour market where the supply of labour is greater than the
According to Harvey (1985),
unemployment exists when people are capable and willing to work but not able to
find suitable paid employment. The problems of unemployment date back to the
year 1930, even before the great world economic depression. In Nigeria,
specifically Edo State by the year 1960, school leavers secured jobs with
relative eased, skilled labour especially NCE graduates was scarce and
difficult to come by and it was the employers who looked for them. However, it
must be emphasized that this research is concerned with unemployable frictional
unemployment, as it relates to unemployed NCE graduates n Edo
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
is on the increase
b). Many NCE
graduates are unemployed
c). There is
mass production of NCE graduates who do not have relevant skills.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are
Examine the cause and nature of unemployment among N.C.E. graduates
Examine the effects of unemployment on N.C.E. holders in Edo State
Recommend possible solutions to the identified problems of unemployment among
this group of graduates, which can aid in reducing the effects.
What are the problems encountered as a result of being unemployed?
Does unemployment lead to health problems?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this project work
focuses on the causes and effects of unemployment of NCE graduates in the
College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research was will be
useful to the federal government, local government, tertiary institutions,
students and general public. Since the causes and effect of unemployment has
been identified and enumerated, it is hoped that the state government will
undoubtedly tackle it and accelerate economic development in the Edo State.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
In the course of this study, some terms used in the process are defined as
Unemployment: Unemployment is a condition or situation whereby persons
capable and willing to work are unable to get paid employment.
Frictional unemployment: This is the process of moving from one job to another by
Structural unemployment: These are physically, mentally and intellectually healthy
people who cannot find them. It is this structural unemployment that the
researcher of this thesis is concerned about.
Visible unemployment: This refers to the association of a large number of people who
do not have work and who are dearly looking for job.
Unemployables: This is as of physical or mental handicap, which means that
although they would like to work, there is no work, which they are able to
Normal or transitional unemployment: This occur when people change their
jobs, that is, people merely desire to change or move to a different part of
the country for better jobs prospect.
Cyclical unemployment: This term refers to the alternate booms and slumps in the level
of industrial activity.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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