This project work was carried out in order to examine the effect
of truancy on the academic performance of students in Ondo West Local
Government Area of Ondo State in particular, it is intended to find out the
causes of truancy and its effect on students academic performance to be able to
make an efficient solution to the problem of truancy. In the course of writing this
project, I started with the literature review which borders on the work done by
different scholars on the topic the effect of truancy on the academic
performance of students in furtherance of the successful completion of this
project. The writer did not fail to bring to limelight the methods used in
collection of data one which is the use of questionnaires among students for an
efficient investigation of these problems. The researcher carefully drew up
some questions. A questionnaire containing 20 items from the research questions
to elicit students opinion. The data collected was analysed and some of the
problems were discovered from the students serve as contents for acceptance.
The researcher made some recommendations which will help in ameliorating the
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH
Population and sampling
Data collection instrument
Validity of questionnaire
Data analysis and results
Summary, Conclusion and
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Giedugba (1996) observed that
quite a number of students in institutions of learning are truants. They become
truant in order to engage in activities which are neither under the control of
the home nor of the school. To defend himself or herself. The truant decoys his
parents and teachers and frequent truancy may lead to vagrancy. Truancy is more
a proof of the inadequacy of our present educational system than an evidence of
any propensity to crime.
It is a system, which attaches little importance to individuality. The ways in
which children exhibit their truancy are many. An example can be cited in Ondo
West Local Government Area of Ondo State where students usually go to the bust
to search for snails, killing rabbits and collecting fruits, going to hidden
places to play, wondering about in the streets without any purpose. Some finds
their ways to the rivers to swim while others engage in petty jobs to get money
for buying snacks, minerals, ice cream etc. some even engage in secrete love
that always makes them to leave the school premises.
There are some students who cannot bear or remain in the corrective atmosphere
at home or in the school such students will have to explore other places to
relax and satisfy their curiosity. Obviously, such students will truant in the
school. A truant can also be described as the person that stays away from
school without good reasons. He or she is irregular at school attendance for he
finds other places more attractive than that school and all it stand for.
Truancy is one of the offences which students in institutions of learning
commit. From research work carried out by Bozumah (2002) it was discovered that
truancy is of varying degree in institutions of learning and it is
comparatively greater in the secondary schools than the high institutions of
OF THE PROBLEM
Truancy poses a serious threat to learning in most schools, the school on the
other hand do not seem to be able to cope with the problems, because no
meaningful attempt has been made to reach its root. One thing that is clear in
this issue that there is a growing tendency for school children to be involved
in social vices, such as stealing, smoking, rioting among other. This is
because most home no longer play their traditional function to rear and bring
up the child in an upright manner. This is because many parents are so
preoccupied with duties (working and travelling) outside the homes that they
have little or no time to keep watch over the action and behaviour of their
In most of the schools, there is no conducive atmosphere for learning. This is
due to fact that schools are highly populated, poorly equipped and
understaffed. Since students cannot cope with their unfavourable conditions,
which these school are placed, this eventually leads to truancy and other
social vices found in our society today.
Broken home can also be attributed to a cause of truancy because children from
a single parent child will have the mothers house and say he or she is going to
the father house thereby using the opportunity to go and stay in her boyfriend
house, for the boys they join bad peer group without the mother and father
knowing, because either of the parent would think he is in the other parent
house and vise visa.
1.3 PUROSE OF
The purpose of the study is to examine;
The effects of truancy on students’ academic performance in secondary schools.
The role parents, schools, society or community can play to prevents truancy
among students in secondary schools.
To suggest means and methods that could be adopted to eradicate this evil
practices in secondary schools.
Why do students practice truancy in secondary schools?
What are the effects of truancy on the academic performance of students in secondary
What role can the parent’s, school or environment play to prevent truancy in
Suggest means and method that could be adopted to eradicate truancy in
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The study will be of great benefit to parents in Ondo West Local Government
Area who will come to appreciate the implication of children’s truancy in
secondary school. Also it is hoped that this study will also help the secondary
school administration in Ondo West Local Government Area in Ondo State to reap
the various school students and enhance the image of their schools lastly, it
is expected to help the local government authorities to recognize truancy among
secondary school students.
1.6 SCOPE OF
This study is expected to cover
only secondary schools, the investigation is limited to the phenomenon of the
study of truancy among secondary schools academic performance of students in
some selected secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Truancy: The practice of
staying away from school without permission. In other words, it is the act of
staying away from school without a reasonable excuse.
Vagrant: A person who has no
home or job and one who beg.
Truant: A child who stays away
from schools without permission.
Disobedient: failing or
refusing to obey
Abet: To encourage somebody to
be something wrong.
Frustration: Unable to be
successful in a particular career.
Indulged: To be too generous in
allowing somebody to do whatever they like.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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