The aim of the research was to examine the effect of counselling
and choice pattern of vocational subject by senior secondary school students.
Questionnaires was used to elicit information from the students of SS I in
public and private schools of Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State. A
total of 100 questionnaires (25 each from four schools) were used. The analyses
of our investigation showed that students given best counseling to unable to
choose wise career for future occupation. At the end of the counselling
exercise, the student was able to choose the best career based on his talents,
interest, and his personality type.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Counselling and vocational
The students and subject choice
Factors responsible for
vocational choice of subject.
Effect of counselling on the
Pattern of vocational subject.
Design of study
Sample and sampling techniques
Reliability of instrument
Administration of instrument
Analysis of data
Data analysis, result and
Type of counselling students
received in secondary school
Counselling impact on students
Factors that influence choice
patter of vocational subject
Students’ performance and
choice of vocational subject
Summary, conclusion and
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Vocational education is an important component in a nation where there is a low
level of technical knowledge; it has its primary goals, the training and
imparting necessary skills to who shall be self reliant economically. It
provides technical knowledge and skills necessary for agricultural, commercial
and economic development and provision of manpower in the applied science,
technology and business, particularly art craft, advance craft and technical
Obudo (2007) opined that at the
secondary school level, vocational education is expected to give the students a
full blown vocational education. In actualize its goals, the national policy on
education (2004) observed that students who complete junior secondary school,
technical college and act of junior training centre and apprenticeship scheme,
and streamed shall be base on the result of text to determine academic ability
attitude and vocational interest
The goals as pointed out cannot be actualized with particular reference to self
exploration, interest and accurate information that are available. Most Nigeria
senior secondary school students experience problems conflicts and interest
conforms and disappointment in living up to the demand of their subject
especially vocational subjects in senior secondary school level. Such problems
could sometimes lead to no low academic performance of the students or failure
in life. Significant factors know to play a major influence on the academic
performance of the students with particular performance to choosing of
vocational subject are counselling, sex, status, of parents, prestige attached
to the job, school subject and interest. In that case, the senior secondary
school subject should be prepared to meet the challenges of the changing labour
market and therefore, vocational development should be a priority. However, if
left unguided in the choice of vocational education, particularly some youths
choose wrong and regret all their lives but a right choice result in a happy
progressive and fulfilled, while a wrong choice may make the future progress of
an individual bitter or rough.
Strong (1994) likened interest and ability to motor and a boat, according to
him, interest determines the field interest or choice on a task have enable a
less able person to do as well, if not more than an able or interested person.
From the foregoing in the assessment of the overall performance in vocational
subjects, counselling and choice pattern played vital role. This therefore,
goes along way to show that vocational counselling and choice pattern has a
particular influence on choosing vocational subject. Sensitization still go
extra mile to ensure that they perform better. Reverse is also the case as can
be seen in some unguided students, their performance is lower than that of the
guided students, the guided students perform more better than their
counterparts in their vocational subjects.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Most Nigerian senior secondary schools experience problems, difficulties and
confusion in adjusting to the demand of their chosen course especially
vocational courses in institutions of higher learning. The difficulties often
experienced may ultimately lead to poor performance and poor academic
achievement, it becomes imperative therefore to determine the effect of
counselling choice pattern of vocational subject by senior secondary school
students in Uhunmwode Local Government Area of Edo State.
What factors influence the pattern of choice vocational subjects?
Do you (students) perform positively when they choose vocational subjects?
Does counselling impart positively on students?
What type of counselling do you (students) receive in secondary school?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study is to determine the effect of counselling and
choice pattern of vocational subjects by senior secondary school students,
specifically the purpose are to determine:
If the students positively when they choose vocational subjects.
What factors (gender and parental education) influence the choice pattern of
If counselling is effectively important on senior secondary school students
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Choosing a course of study is one of the important discussions to make
inappropriate choice may spell ruin for the individual and the society. The
findings of this research therefore will benefit the students, counselors, and
educational planners. Counselling experts have proved that the individual may
stimulate into any appropriate occupation by mere lack, but the wise choice of
an occupation requires accurate information about what occupations are
available. The essence of this is to show the role of counselling on vocational
subjects in the academic performance and achievements of the students.
Moreover, it will also help to know how factors such as choice pattern, gender
and parental education influence the choice of student’s performance and
competency. Self confidence, self reliance and fulfillment interest motivation
and general performance of students.
It will also help teachers, counselors, mentors, collaborators as they lead the
students through the process of self attainment and produce competence and
credible manpower to the development of the country.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study will cover the effect
of counselling and choice pattern of vocational subjects by senior secondary
school students in Uhunmwode Local Government Area of Edo State. Senior
secondary school one (SS1) students will be used. This is a class where the
students have been streamlined to their chosen course only public schools in
Uhunmwode local government area of Edo State will be used.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Vocational performance: Refers to choosing or liking occupation better than others
performance are often avert expression of interest, interest is the motivating
force which disposes one to want to know, learn or do something.
Vocational education; refers to
an aspect of education that mainly concerned with the preparation of individual
for skill performance on tasks, it is also a kind of training or retraining,
which is geared towards making the individual learners more productive through
improved performance in either paid employment or in self employment.
Counselling; Refers to all kind of information about occupations, their entry
requirement, choosing relevant subjects given to make a wise decisions includes
society personnel education aid and vocational counselling.
An act of choosing between two or more possibilities, it is also seen as the
range or number of different things from which to choose.
This refers to a regular way in which something happen or something is done.
Educational planners: These are experts who are incharge of planning the educational
system such that it will benefit the individual and society at large, they are
also known as curriculum experts.
Occupation: This is defined as the kind of job or profession an individual
Vocational subject: This refers to our area of knowledge of study that is directly
related to vocational occupation where a large art of its curriculum is devoted
to learning specific skills which its students is to use immediately after
Curriculum: According to Taylor (1965) curriculum can be defined as all the
learning of students which is planned and directed by the school to attain its
educational goals, in other words curriculum deals with all the learning
experiences that is given to a person or pupils to make him develop both
character, skills and learning and become useful to himself and contribute
meaningfully to his family, town (community) nation and world.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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