The concern for quality and goal oriented education in Nigeria,
necessitated this study. This is because a nation is driven by the quality of
education provided for her citizens. However education in Nigeria today can
truly be said to be bedeviled by numerous problems, one of which is examination
malpractice. This paper discusses issues in examination malpractice, pointing
out the causes of its consequences. It is recommends various ways of
controlling the scourge.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Limitations of the study
Delimitation of the study
Definitions of terms
Review of related Literature
Origin of examination
Causes of examination
malpractice in secondary school
Agent of examination
Forms of examination
Consequences of examination
Population of study
Sample and sampling techniques
Validation of instrument
Reliability of instrument
Administration and collection
Presentation and analysis of
Discussion of findings
Summary, recommendation and conclusion
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is true that no nation can rise above the quality of education provided for
her citizens. And since the advent of western education in Nigeria, examination
has being the major instrument used for the evaluation of learners (or
student’s achievement). It is a means of assessing the quality and quantity or
performance that an individual has accumulated at the end of a teaching process
which may spread over a period of seventeen weeks.
Furthermore, education has been adopted as an instrument for national
development. Therefore, government, communities, private organization and
individuals have established educational institutions with a view to training
the citizens for the development of the nation’s physical and human resources.
In these institutions, teaching and guidance activities are supposed to take
place so that appropriate skills and knowledge can be acquired by the students.
However, machinery through which the extent of knowledge and skill acquisition
is determined at each stage of education has been set up. This is in form of
examination which would be organized in order to evaluate, assess and test
knowledge and skills. The outcome of the examination is used as a basis for
decision making on the examinee’s ability. The examinee is consequently awarded
a certificate which could qualify him for admission into a school, promotion
into higher level of an institution and employment opportunities.
Moreover, many decisions which emanate from examination may not be valid due to
involvement of examinees in malpractices. When such decisions are upheld, the
certificate awarding institutions would be promoting and graduating incompetent
personnel who would not be able to contribute positively to national
development. Examination malpractice occurs in both internal and external
assessment of educational outcome. It is a problem which has been afflicting
the educational system for many years. It seems to have defiled solutions, so
all antidotes applied so far have been faulted by fraudsters. Infact, it
constitutes the most serious problem facing Nigeria educational system in
general and secondary education in particular (Adesina, 2005).
Therefore, there is a need to sanitize the nation’s education by getting rid of
examination malpractices. This is a challenge to the administrators of
education within and outside the school system. In this paper, quality
assurance is examined as a practical solution to examination malpractice.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
From the above, it can be seen that success in examination serves as a good
motivator for students, teachers, school administrators and employer of labour.
On the other hand, failure to perform successfully in examination demoralizes
all and sundry, especially secondary school students. Therefore, it is the
crave to succeed and avoid frustration and or any embarrassment associated with
failure that makes students engage in “examination malpractices” which has
threatened the very foundation of our educational system.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Taking into consideration the problem stated above, the purpose or objective of
this particular study includes:
To find out the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools.
To find out the agents of examination malpractices.
To be acquainted with the consequences of indulging in examination malpractice.
To proffer lasting solution to the problem.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is hoped that at the end of the outcome of this study will expose students
to the causes of examination malpractice.
To expose students to the consequences of indulging in examination malpractice.
To eradicate examination malpractice among students.
What are the causes of examination malpractice?
At what stage do examination malpractices occur?
Does examination malpractice have a negative effect on the students?
Does examination malpractice affect our educational system?
DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study is restricted to College of Education in Ovia North East Local
Government Area. In this context, some students were selected for the study.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Examination: Examination can be defined as the instruments used for the
assessment of individual’s skill and knowledge, content both in general and
specific areas to studies and overall academic achievements.
Examination malpractice: Examination malpractice can be defined as a
deliberate act of wrong doing, contrary to official examination rules and is
designed to place a candidate at an unfair advantage.
Education: Education can be defined as a process of teaching, training
and learning especially in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop
can be seen as a process of forming an opinion of the amount value or quality
of something after thinking about it carefully.
Achievement: Achievement can be referred to as something that somebody
has done successfully using their own effort and skills.
Accumulated: This means to
gradually get more and more of something over a period of time.
Accreditation: This refers to an official approval by an organization
stating that somebody or something has achieved a required standard.
Assessment: Assessment refers to the act of drudging or forming an
opinion about somebody or something.
Indispensable: This refers to something that is too important ot do without.
Demoralizes: This means to make somebody lose confidence or hope
means something that has to do with everyone and not just a few special people.
means to have a very strong desire to do something.
means something that has a strong effect on somebody or something
Competence: Competence has to do with the ability to do something very well
Motivator: It refers to the particular reason why somebody does
something or behaves in a particular way especially something that involves
hard work and effort.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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