The main purpose of this work is to examine the attitude of
secondary school principals towards school inspection in Ovia North East Local
Government Area of Edo State. To be able to achieve the above purpose, the
following test was carried out. The population of the study was collected from
eight male principals and twenty two female principals. Collections were also
made from three groups of school heads. The instrument used for the study was
the questionnaire which was validated by the supervisor. The principals were
also interviewed while further relevant data was collected from the ministry of
education. The data gathered were mainly analyzed by sample percentage
techniques. The study further revealed the poor attitude of secondary schools
heads towards school inspection in the strength of these findings it was
recommended that further research can be carried out examine if the present
performance of students is influenced by the role of performance of school
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Population of study
Validity of instrument
Administration of instrument
Method of data
Presentation and data analysis
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In most developing
countries of the world education is seen as an important instrument of change
that could foster the socio-economic and political development. The need has
led to the expansion of education to provide the much needed manpower. In other
words, education plays a very important role in the development of nay nation
and therefore occupies a position of high priority in the mind of its citizens.
As recognized by Harrison (1974) the speed and facility with which any society
progress toward solution to its political, social and economic problems are
directed and positively related to the quality and quantity of education
available to its people in other words the survival of any nation depends upon
the effectiveness of its education enterprises.
Primarily education is the
first stage of education and is acceptable key to success or failure of the
whole educational system.
The secondary school is
recognized as a spring board to secondary and higher education particularly in
Nigeria. Secondary school level can be regarded as an instrument in
socio-economic development process. Ti this end substantial sum of money are
embarked in Nigeria government annual budget for the [provision of education
services in recognition of the importance of the secondary school education to
the federal government of Nigeria accorded it a place in the new national
policy on education formulated in 1977 and reviewed in 1981.
The schools are becoming large
and consequently more bureaucratic. A large number of teachers are either
unqualified thereby placing a greater burden on the school heads who are trying
to coordinate the school activity. The school system in Nigeria is a major
industry catering for the mass education of its citizens to meet the demand and
challenges of a changing world consequently the school system has become very
complex requiring that report and budget for the various activity and program
geared toward the maximum utilization of the scare resources goals these
responsibility according to Aderoimu and Ehimentalor (1941) is primary those of
administration and supervision in Nigeria for instance the Universal Primary
Education school in 1955 opened that gateway to educational expansion although
it was first practice in the scheme in the western region other regional
government soon borrowed the idea. The introduction of the scheme in western
region increased significantly the number of schools which are required to be
inspected. Subsequently, military government in Nigeria sustained the idea it
wax therefore not surprising when in 1976 then military government of Nigeria
Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo declared free Universal Primary Education through out
the country, coupled with this is the recent one also launched by retainers
Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo free Universal Basic Education in the year 2000
throughout the country.
Free education should be
provided for all citizens of age from primary to junior secondary schools level
to foster rapid economic development, the aim of the scheme was to effect
national development. The high increased in the number of teachers required for
the programme to cope with the increase in the number of teacher to enhance
teaching learning activities in the classroom. In Nigeria, the geographical
division are on local government basis and each local government area office is
headed by a Chief Inspector of Education. There are other subordinate workers
working with the Chief Inspector among who are the Inspector of school.
Inspection was defined by Wiles
(1969) pg. 46 as assistance in the development of a better teaching learning
situation. Inspection therefore is recognized as a vital ingredient in enable
the teaching learning process to thrive since it exports for the primary aim
and improving the instructional programme of the school. Hence, good
supervision is a pre-condition for an effective pupils’ teachers relationship
which is indispensable for the success of any educational system. With the new
6-3-3-4 system and the ever growing demand for education there is the need for
functional types of school inspection that would contributes of improving and
maintaining standard in our school bases on the foregoing consideration the
main objective of supervision in school has been spelt out as follows;
The establishment and
maintenance of standard the control, comparison and corrective action for the
purpose of attaining specific overall objective of the educational system.
Ogunsaju (1983) education supervision perception and practice in Nigeria.
Inspite of the fact that some
form of supervision is sometimes carried out by inspectors of education,
principal and other to check the teaching learning process in the classroom,
the Nigeria child having spent about six years in the secondary school of
twelve years including secondary school still perform relatively poor. There
are good numbers of pupils who fail in the common entrance examination or West
Africa School Certificate Examination with many getting a pass grade. It is
therefore asserted that if the function of school inspections and the role of
principal are properly spelt out, school in Edo State in particular Ovia North
East which L.G.A. at the secondary school level which is the block of a child
education level help in maintain and improving standard in later years.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Inspection in school is concerned with the improvement of instructional ideas,
which involves people administration supervisors, teachers, pupils, parents and
other citizens it also involves curriculum, the subjection matter, its
selection and arrangement.
content of inspections not only a body of techniques but also a substantial
body of knowledge and understanding purpose should be the content of inspection
in many situation where work done by group of people have to be effective as a
iii. The falling standard
in the educational system may not be unconnected with the poor quality of
inspection and principal attitude towards school inspection specifically in
ordered local government area of Edo State in particular, which is the area of study
in question is to the school inspectors is do the school inspector in Ovia
North East L.G.A. of Edo State have the right supervision concept and skills to
carry out supervision? Is the present inspection division of the ministry of
education and its total manpower to meet the needs of school that are
continually expanding in the situation of limited personnel from the inspection
instruction in school? It is the hope of the researcher that these problems
would be solved be seeking answer to the following questions;
a) Is there any
impact on day-to-day administration by the principal and the influence of
school inspection in Ovia North East L.G.A. of Edo State?
b) Is there any
difference between the principal attitude towards school inspection?
c) Does experience
make any difference in the perception of obstacle that hinder effective
inspection and principals attitude towards school inspection?
d) Is the any
difference in the perception of the role of the school inspection based on age?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to
determine the influence of the principal attitude towards school inspection in
Ovia North East L.G.A. of Edo State.
The researcher would be
interested in findings out whether;
a) The experience
of the principal affects the attitude towards school inspection
b) The sex of the
principal affects their attitude towards school inspection
c) The age of the
principal affect their role of school inspection
d) The location of the
school affects the principal attitude toward school inspection
qualification of the school affects the principal attitude toward school
Specifically, the project will
seek to find answer to the following research question;
are the responsibilities of school inspectors?
ii. What are
the attitudes of secondary school head towards inspection?
f) Does the
attitude of secondary school of the school affects the principal have effects
on school inspection?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
There seems to be general
census among the public that the standard of education has fallen which they
may have arrived at by comparing the academic achievement of secondary school
child today with that of yesterday performed better than today. Without the
fallen standard at the primary level will sure affect the standard in the
secondary school. These fear therefore add momentum to the need for adequate
and positive contribution in the principal attitude towards the role of school
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
examined the principal attitude towards the role of school inspection as the
occupies different position in educational system.
Therefore, some teachers,
principals and headmistress were required to give information as regards the
study. To study is limited to some selected secondary schools in Ovia North
East L.G.A. of Edo State.
It is assumed in this study
that principal attitude towards the role of school inspection is not
encouraging. It is also assumed that some obstacles must be in the way of
effective administration and inspection of school.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Perception: Perception in the
study means the angle from which something is seen by person depending on its
needs disposition and experience.
Principal : This is usually the
administrative and professional heads of the primary school.
Primary school: This is the
first stage of Nigeria educational system where a six years course is offered
officially, pupils enter primary one, which is a the first year of the age of
five to six.
School inspector’s officer in
the ministry of education statutory charged with the responsibility of school
inexperienced headmaster: The principal refer to those who have serve ten
years and above on the job and the inexperience ones those who has serve less
than ten year on the job as headmaster.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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