This project work provide as a broad knowledge of the impact of
school facilities on students academic performance in some school in Igarra
Akoko Local Government Area of Edo State. The data was collected by
questionnaire which were constructed for teachers and students. Based on the
analysis, the following findings were made. That there is significant
difference in the academic performance of students. That there is significant
difference in the availability of school facilities.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and limitations
Definition of terms
Population of study
Sample and sampling techniques
Research data and instrument
Administration of the
Method of data analysis
Presentation and analysis of
Summary, Conclusion and
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Educationist and other well-meaning people have always maintained that
education is the greatest legacy a nation can be give to the citizens. There is
therefore no better investment a nation, could make than in education, this is
why one should not remain indifferent to the lapse ion our educational system.
A good school facility support the educational enterprises. Research has shown
that clean air, good light and a small, quite, comfortable, and safe learning
environment are important for academic achievement (see, for example, Cotton,
2001, Schneider, 2002).
While factors such as student socio-economic status and parental involvement
are among the most important predictors of student academic performance of a
school building district and state hence improving school facilities offers a
feasible opportunity for improving academic performance. This has brought with
it attendant problem such as inadequate school facilities and consequently poor
academic performance on students. Okeke (2009), acknowledged this situation,
when he asserted that with expansion of secondary schools Nigeria, there has
been a general have and cry about the falling standard of education in the
country as a whole. Over the years, the performance of students has fallen in
examination. This is to say that the academic performance of most students were
very poor. To achieve these goals a lot needs to be done in the academic
performance of school system. To students academic performance appear to have
been affected by a myriad of factors. These factors include school facilities
(Anchurian and Steward 2006).
School facilities play a vital role in the actualization of educational goals
and objectives by satisfying the physical and emotional needs of the staffs and
students of the school. Henceforth, school facilities can be briefly regarded
to as the items which makes teaching and learning possible in a school. In
other words, school facilities can be referred to as the human and physical
resources that are needed or used in the school in order to aid learning and
teaching. by human resources we mean the personnel’s employed in the school to
ensure learning. They include the principal, the headmasters, the teachers and
administrative staff etc. the human resources can also be seen as the
greatest and most useful facilities a school can ever have, the reason being
that no matter how a school is physically facilitated if there are no human
resources in it, there can be no learning, invariably there will be no school,
while physical resources can be seen as those materials which can give help
support or comfort to the school organization country or an individual for example,
the building, the library, chairs textbooks, classroom, chalkboard, sporting
fields environment etc. additionally, according to Knezevich (1975) he
emphasized that the physical needs are met through provision of safe structure,
adequate sanitary facilities, be balanced visual environment, appropriate
thermal environment, and sufficient shelter space for his work and play. His
emotional needs are met by creating pleasant surroundings, a friendly
atmosphere and an inspiring environment.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
There are variations in the academic performance of secondary school students
in Akoko-Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. Researchers have been trying
to find out how these variations come about and what are responsible for them.
The major factor that seems to contribute to poor academic performance is
inadequate provision of educational facilities in schools.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to find out the impact of school facilities on
academic performance of secondary schools students in Akoko-Edo Local
Government Area of Edo State. While we do not have the data to identify the
specific mechanism by which compliances is linked to educational outcomes, from
existing research, we know that school buildings in poor shape lead to reduced
The following questions were raised.
Are there enough school facilities in school?
Are there materials or school facilities relevant for academic performances?
Do school facilities have impact on the academic performance of students?
In the cause of this study the following assumptions were made.
That secondary school in Akoko-Edo Local Government have few school facilities
like libraries, science laboratories and technical work shops.
The secondary school students in Akoko-Edo LGA perform poorly academically.
That better performance can be achieved with better school facilities.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is significant in the fact that it could serve as a vital
information aimed at showing the relationship that exist between adequate
performance of students. It is significant in the sense that it can help to
draw the attention of the governments, school board, ministry of education etc
to the reality that education programme cannot operate adequately or
effectively without adequate school facilities.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Academic performance: This means the level of attainment on what the students have
been able to achieve in terms of success in examination.
School facility: This refers to all essential teaching aids and equipment in
teaching and learning process.
School building: Refers to tangible structures which serve as shatter for educational
These are facilities used in the schools by both teachers and students. They
include benches, desks, tables, tacklers.
School record: These are books and information records used for the day to day
running of the school. That is divided into:
Special record books: this is professional books which include admission register etc.
administration record: these are the record that shows the day to day
administration of the school.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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