This research work is aimed at identifying the influence of gender
on career choice of some selected secondary school students in Egor Local Government
Area of Edo State. In the process of the research questionnaire were
administered a guide and data through interview method to get modern cause and
trend in career. The findings rate of the study revealed that the effect of
gender on career of students affect both sexes after school in the society.
Recommendations were given that parents should train both sexes and not
relegating any sex to the background.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Data analysis and interpretation
Findings and discussion
Summary and findings
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Gender according to Oxford
advanced learners dictionary 6th edition
(2001) is the fact of being male or female. The family is social group to which
a child is born into and brought up with all necessary things including his
native languages. Career choice is one of the most controversial issues in
education and also it is an dispensable aspect of life. An area of interest
that closely involves many parents and teachers who feel that school values
should be redesigned taking into consideration. The change in the social and
economic environment and a step towards coping with the changing environment
from time to time as we encountered alot of problems.
Prior to the introduction of
western education and civilization the indigenous information education existed
among the people. This kind of education was not transmitted in school as an
agent. It involves the transmission of those ideas, which the people had loved
from time to time (culture). Inspite of the effect of the colonial masters as
well as the federal republic of Nigeria to get her citizenship formally
educated and brought to time right. It has been as some of circumstances that
there is an existence in the education of the male and female child due to
gender belief or influence on the child (mostly the girl child). The girl child
on the other hand are educationally marginalized and disadvantaged.
Unwuegbuzie (2008) in a lecture
titled “towards bridging education imbalance in the school”, stated that “it is
very disheartening to note that today a lot of female children are left out of
school for flimsy reasons while their male counterparts forge ahead”.
Education imbalance to him referred to uneven level of benefiting between males
and their female counterparts since the absence of former education. According
to Unwugbuze these female takes to the street and are often exposed to the
hazard of life where baby mothers among them emerged. Adeting (2009) cited on
influence that if this educational imbalance due to gender is not checked the
country will be plunged into the educational door where Nigeria will in time of
influencing children in the area of career choice. The focus on the study is on
the influence of gender on student’s career choice. Gender effects assigned of
sales to children by parents and elders. The effects of gender seem to be
reinforced by teachers and others in the school administration. In the past, it
was not common to see a woman working as a policeman driving a car or even
smoking in the locality, but today in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State
female are found in almost all areas of the labour force life accountant,
doctors, engineering, or even shoe-makers just to mention a few and are no
longer limited to domestic work only.
Furthermore, females are seen
to be less tedious duties while the male performs are complex duties such as
cutting down trees, building bridges (local), making thatches and they are said
to identify more their mothers and the males with their fathers. In addition,
Iyam (1998) said, “It is the education imbalance that exist between the male
child and the female child respectively that has raised a lot concern. There
are fewer women to be found in responsible position government and non-
governmental organization. This imbalance has further weakened the ability of
women to compete in formal sectors which men regards as theirs” born equally
naturally with their men counterparts, the education female is a natural right.
N Africa and most developing nations around the world, the education and
training of girls according to Iyam have suffered considerably willful neglect
and intended and deprivation for a very long time. Conclusively, in reference
to the above, the study is geared towards finding out the effect of gender on
career choice of secondary school students in selected schools in Egor Local
Government Area. The locality is centrally being a commercial, cultural and
made up of different ethnic. The local government has its headquarters at ring
Road in Benin City, Edo State and the study will be concentrated on how
culture, parents, traditional belief and other factor affects the education of
either sex due to gender influence.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In recent time, journal, magazines, and newspaper are constantly running held
lines over the marginalisation of women in the country. Many parent would not
encourage their female child to attend school or take career in vocational
traders. Douglas (2002) opined that parents are well educated would constantly
want to support their children financially and morally towards ensuring that
their children choose the best career in life.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of sex on the choice of
career and subject amongst secondary schools students in Egor Local Government
Area of Edo State. The study will also examine how boys and girls feel about
certain course of study. In Egor Local Government Area, it has been observed
that parents attitudes towards discrimination using gender is so alarming as it
is believed that the female are weaker vessels and the male stronger vessels
gave them the belief that after a woman gets married, she no longer help in the
up keep of her background or parents. This study for such obvious reasons is
channeled forward knowing and examining critically and effectively the factors
responsible for such acts towards female children in particular, when it comes
to educating a child amongst parent, guardians peers etc in Egor Local
Government Area of Edo State.
The study would look at the following questions
Is there exclusive career for either sex?
Does the level of parent’s education have any effect on the career of the girl
Is there better and brighter opportunities for children form educated homes?
Has peer group any influence on the choice of career of students?
Does the social economic group of parents affect their female education?
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The study is necessitated by the fact that at the secondary school age many
students are adolescent who operated in conformity to parental rules and
regulation in acting out their roles and in expressing their opinion students
at this level of development needs close supervision and counseling in Egor to
meet up to the expectation of life. The significant of the study is gears
towards this need for the establishment of guidance and counseling services to
help students in making career choice.
Another significance is to
inform parents, educators on the negative consequence of basing career on
gender. Hopefully, it will be important to curriculum planners in the sense
that in higher institution especially those who are in charge of guidance and
counseling the need for female education.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study covered various aspects of gender on career problem and their effect
on students in the secondary school in Egor Local Government Area in Edo State.
In view of the fact that there are many secondary school in Egor LGA, Ihogbe
Secondary School and Akenzuwa secondary school was selected for the purpose of
this project. Therefore the students and teachers in those schools constitute
the subject of the researchers work. The research has interest in findings
whether the age of parents has any significant effect on their attitude towards
educating their children base on gender. The effect of illiterate parent
towards training their girl child, whether religion or traditional demands that
gender should be a segregating factor in training their child. The force of
peer group on career choice of a child if there are exclusive career for either
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Being male or female
Role or duties assigned to various seas or gender
Role stereotype: the standard set by the society as to what part male and
female individuals should play, which continues for along time and form the
basis for relating to people.
The chance of occupation in which one engages
This is when the pressure of other person or factors is affected the behavior
of the child.
Quality of being filled for the opportunity
Equally beautified: This means that what every been share between males and female
should be equally distributed.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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